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Oenothera biennis L.
COMMON EVENING-PRIMROSE
Oenothera novae-scotiae RR Gates; Common evening primrose; Field Primrose; Tree Primrose; Willow Herb; Night Willow Herb; Fever Plant; Coffee Plant

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Onagraceae   Oenothera

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Oenothera biennis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 8
Oenothera biennis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 8
Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 7
Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma herbarum @ BPI (1)

Phoma infuscans @ BPI (3)
Aphididae  Anoecia oenotherae @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Anoecia setariae @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); CSUC_TCN (7); NCSU_ENT (14)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (3); NCSU (9)
Apidae  Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Berytidae  Jalysus wickhami @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Jalysus @ MEMU_ENT (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia natalensis @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella oenotherae @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Agallia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca ( @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Scaphytopius ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ 656199B (1); 656199A (1); BPI (13); 656197C (1); 656197A (1); 656199C (1); 656197B (1); 656201B (1); 656201A (1)

Mollisia acericola @ BPI (1)

Mollisia astericola @ BPI (2)

Mollisia atrata @ BPI (2)

Mollisia atrocinerea @ BPI (2)

Pilidium concavum @ BPI (1)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Didymosphaeria brunneola @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria gaurina @ BPI (4)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe communis @ BPI (4)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (23)
Halictidae  Agapostemon sericeus @ I_JSA (1)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum oenotherae @ I_JSA (1)
Helotiaceae  Pezizella lythri @ 655923C (1); 655923B (1); 655923A (1)

Pezizella oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophionema vermisporum @ BPI (2)

Lophiostoma vagabundum @ BPI (2)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Polymerus basalis @ MEMU_ENT (3); AMNH_PBI (1)

Pseudatomoscelis seriatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora oenotherae @ 439008B (1); BPI (3); 439008A (1); 439008C (1)

Didymella tosta @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella oenotherae @ BPI (2)

Septoria oenotherae @ 382659B (1); BPI (170); 382659A (1); 382659C (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora arthurii @ BPI (102)
Pezizaceae  Peziza oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria capsularum @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria subconica @ BPI (8)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia asterum @ BPI (1)

Puccinia dioicae @ BPI (9)

Puccinia epilobii-tetragoni @ BPI (11)

Puccinia epilobii @ BPI (4)

Puccinia extensicola @ BPI (60)

Puccinia peckii @ BPI (18)

Uromyces capensis @ BPI (1)

Uromyces plumbarius @ BPI (35)
Stictidaceae  Schizoxylon berkeleyanum @ BPI (4)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium brownii @ BPI (1)

Synchytrium fulgens @ BPI (19)

Synchytrium oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium scutula @ BPI (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia dematium @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium epilobii @ BPI (2)

Aecidium oenotherae @ BPI (10)
Valsaceae  Cryptoderis misella @ BPI (2)
_  Dendrographium murinum @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium protuberans @ BPI (4)

Leptothyrium vulgare @ BPI (2)

Melanops @ BPI (1)

Placosphaeria oenotherae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema corneum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=3&page=964

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Oenothera biennis L. Biennial Evening-primrose
Onagraceae — Evening Primrose family
Native
Oenothera biennis Oenothera biennis Oenothera biennis Oenothera biennis Oenothera biennis
Paper Mill Road
September 2016


Resembles O. parviflora .

Search Google Delaware USDA

Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Oenothera biennis  L.

Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis plant

Family - Onagraceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Oenothera biennis stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Oenothera biennis inflorescence

Flowers - No info. yet.

Oenothera biennis calyx Calyx.

Oenothera biennis flower

Flowering - June - October.

Habitat - Fields, prairies, glades, thickets, waste ground, disturbed sites, cultivated areas, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species is very common in Missouri and can be found throughout the state. The flowers open at dusk and close when hit by strong sunlight. They are mostly pollinated by moths. O. biennis is a very variable plant with respect to pubescence on the stem and flower parts. Steyermark breaks the Missouri material into 4 varieties based on pubescence. I wont go into those here as they are no longer valid.

Photographs taken in Marquette, MI., 7-27-02 and in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 8-17-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Myrtales  
 Family Onagraceae  
 Genus Oenothera  
  Oenothera biennis    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Oenothera biennis caeciarum Oenothera biennis centralis Oenothera biennis pycnocarpa Oenothera muricata Oenothera pycnocarpa   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 964, 1993; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203793
   Alien     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OEBI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OEBI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OEBI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=OEBI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=OEBI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=OEBI
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Oenothera biennis L.
common evening primrose

Image of Oenothera biennis

General Information
Symbol: OEBI
Group: Dicot
Family: Onagraceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Oenothera thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 595. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 595. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
OEBIC Oenothera biennis L. ssp. caeciarum Munz
OEBIC3 Oenothera biennis L. ssp. centralis Munz
OEBIP Oenothera biennis L. var. pycnocarpa (Atk. & Bartlett) Wiegand
OEMU2 Oenothera muricata L.
OEPY2 Oenothera pycnocarpa Atk. & Bartlett

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Myrtales
Family Onagraceae – Evening Primrose family
Genus Oenothera L. – evening primrose
Species Oenothera biennis L. – common evening primrose

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Oenothera biennis common evening primrose hoary eveningprimrose This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FACU
North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (OEBI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OEBI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OEBIC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OEBIC3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OEBIP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OEMU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (OEPY2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (OEBI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (OEBI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (OEBI)
Native Plants Network (OEBI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (OEBI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (OEBI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (OEBI)
Related Websites
BorealForest.org (OEBI)
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (OEBI)
DE-Delaware Wildflowers (OEBI)
IN-University of Southern Indiana Biology (OEBI)
MO-Missouri Plants (OEBI)
NC-Hawk River Program (OEBI)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (OEBI)
VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (OEBI)
Wildflowers of the Southeastern U.S. (OEBI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Oenothera+biennis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Oenothera+biennis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 37
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Oenothera biennis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2472 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2473 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2474 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2475 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2476 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2477 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2478 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0446 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0447 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0448 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0550 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0551 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0552 [detail]
2006 Nick Kurzenko

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1153 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1154 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1218 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1219 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1220 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1221 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1222 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1223 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1224 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1225 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1226 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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