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Ophioscion vermicularis (Gunther, 1867)
VERMICULATED CROAKER
Wormlined croaker

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Sciaenidae   Ophioscion

Ophioscion vermicularis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophioscion vermicularis

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Overview
Main identification features
  • strong oblique dark lines along scale rows
  • preopercle: 15-17 fine teeth
  • a: 8, 2nd spine long, thick
  • c: s shape
Dorsal rays X + I, 26-28; anal rays II, 8; pectoral rays 19-20; pored lateral-line scales 48-50; snout bulbous; mouth moderately oblique; no barbels on chin; eye 4.9-5.3 in head length; margin of preopercle with about 15-17 fine serrae, those at angle not greatly enlarged; margin of tail S-shaped, the upper lobe pointed; pectoral fins relatively long, usually reaching slightly past tips of depressed pelvic fins; soft dorsal and anal fins with scaly sheath.

Color dusky grey with silvery reflections; prominent oblique blackish stripes following scale rows on body; fins dusky brown to blackish.

Size: to at least 35 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Southern Baja and the SE Gulf of California to northern Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 20 m.
Depth Range Min: 1 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=25; Southern limit=-4; Western limit=-112; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=29; Longitudinal range=34.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Estuary; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 35 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Brackish; Marine.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • BÚarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versiˇn 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .á Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservaciˇn Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • GŘnther, A., 1867., On the Fishes of the States of Central America, founded upon specimens collected in the fresh and marine waters of various parts of that country by Messrs. Salvin and Godman and Capt. J. M. Dow., Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1866:600-604.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., BÚarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., List of Fishes now in the Museum of Yale College, Collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley, at Panama, with Descriptions of Three New Species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5:620-632.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., List of the fishes now in the museum of Yale College, collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley at panama, with descriptions of three new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):620-632.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., The marine fishes of Panama. Part II., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:331-707.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, MÚxico., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Ophioscion vermicularis   (G├╝nther, 1867)

Vermiculated croaker Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Ophioscion vermicularis (Vermiculated croaker) Ophioscion vermicularis
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Ophioscion: Greek, ophis = serpent + Greek, skion, skiaina = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal.   Tropical; 9°N -

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Panama to Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9118 ); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over sandy and muddy bottoms of shallow waters (Ref. 9118 ). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 9118 ). Common in local markets (Ref. 9118 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chao, L.N. , 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00254 - 0.01136), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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