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Papaver somniferum L.
OPIUM POPPY
Common Poppy; Papaver album Mill

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Papaveraceae   Papaver

Papaver somniferum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Papaver somniferum

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Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum

Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Papaver somniferum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (3)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma bicolor @ BPI (2)

Entyloma fuscum @ BPI (15)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora papavericola @ BPI (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora arborescens @ BPI (21)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium papaveris @ BPI (2)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (2)

Alternaria @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium papaveris @ BPI (2)

Macrosporium somniferi @ BPI (1)

Pleospora bardanae @ BPI (1)

Pleospora calvescens @ BPI (2)

Pleospora papaveracea @ BPI (11)

Pleospora papaveris @ BPI (1)

Pleospora pellita @ BPI (2)

Pyrenophora calvescens @ BPI (1)

Pyrenophora pellita @ BPI (1)
Trichocomaceae  Eurotium herbariorum @ BPI (1)
_  Cercosporina papaveris @ BPI (1)

Torula herbarum @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Papaveraceae | Papaver

14. Papaver somniferum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 508. 1753.

Opium poppy, common poppy, pavot (commun

Plants to 15 dm, glabrate, glaucous. Stems simple or branching. Leaves to 30 cm; blade sometimes sparsely setose abaxially on midrib; margins usually shallowly to deeply toothed. Inflorescences: peduncle often sparsely setose. Flowers: petals white, pink, red, or purple, often with dark or pale basal spot, to 6 cm; anthers pale yellow; stigmas 5-18, disc ± flat. Capsules stipitate, subglobose, not ribbed, to 9 cm, glaucous.

Flowering spring-summer. Fields, clearings, stream banks, railroads, roadsides, and other disturbed sites; 0-1300 m; introduced; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask.; Ariz., Calif., Conn., Ill., Mass., Maine, Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va.; Europe; Asia.

Unknown in the wild, Papaver somniferum probably came originally from southeastern Europe and/or southwestern Asia. It has been cultivated for centuries as the source of opium (and its modern derivatives heroin, morphine, and codeine), and also for edible seeds and oil. Various color forms with laciniate and/or doubled petals are grown for ornament. Widely introduced from cultivation and also as a crop weed, it should be expected elsewhere in the flora.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Danert, S. 1958. Zur Systematik von Papaver somniferum L. Kulturpflanze 6: 61-88.

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Papaver+somniferum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Papaver+somniferum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 37
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Papaver somniferum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0175 3301 2363 0027 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0175 3301 2363 0026 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 1351 3151 0542 0031 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2005 California Academy of Sciences

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0207 0885 [detail]
© 2007 Pasi Rein

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0000 0000 0509 0264 [detail]
© 2009 Luigi Rignanese

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0000 0000 0509 0265 [detail]
© 2009 Luigi Rignanese

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0000 0000 0509 0266 [detail]
© 2009 Luigi Rignanese

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0000 0000 0509 0267 [detail]
© 2009 Luigi Rignanese

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1062 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1063 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1064 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1065 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1066 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1067 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1068 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1069 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
ID: 0000 0000 0911 2576 [detail]
2011 Nick Kurzenko

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0613 1197 [detail]
© 2013 Zoya Akulova

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0614 1417 [detail]
© 2014 Zoya Akulova

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0716 2876 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0716 2877 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0716 2878 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0317 0060 [detail]
© 2017 Ricardo Ramírez Chaparro

Papaver somniferum
Papaver somniferum
ID: 0000 0000 0317 0061 [detail]
© 2017 Ricardo Ramírez Chaparro

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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