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Parapercis australis Randall, 2003
SOUTHERN GRUBFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Pinguipedidae   Parapercis


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/79c0db29-9d7e-417e-bbe9-8443f841d266 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/79c0db29-9d7e-417e-bbe9-8443f841d266
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/79c0db29-9d7e-417e-bbe9-8443f841d266 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/59b6afde-4a68-4fb0-8f04-5b09da928a29;jsessionid=9EF735867C2748CA404F7225CDB69060
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/59b6afde-4a68-4fb0-8f04-5b09da928a29;jsessionid=9EF735867C2748CA404F7225CDB69060 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/59b6afde-4a68-4fb0-8f04-5b09da928a29;jsessionid=9EF735867C2748CA404F7225CDB69060
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapercis&speciesname=australis ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Parapercis-australis.html

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Parapercis australis   Randall , 2003

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Parapercis australis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos     Google image Image of Parapercis australis Parapercis australis
Picture by Bailly, N.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae (Sandperches)
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335 ) ;   australis: Named for its southern distribution, south of 14° south latitude. .   More on author: Randall .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 82 m (Ref. 86942 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Queensland, Australia (Ref. 54621 ) and Tonga (Ref. 53797 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57562 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20-21; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 17. D V,20-21 (rarely 20); A I,17; 14-16 (rarely 14 or 16) pectoral rays; 48-59 lateral-line scales; 3-4 + 6-8 gill rakers; 5-6 predorsal scales; ctenoid scales on cheek; front of lower jaw with 10 canine teeth; vomerine teeth in a broad chevron pattern; with palatine teeth; upper edge of subopercle with a prominent sharp spine; posterior edge of preopercle sometimes slightly irregular or partially finally serrate; body depth 4.35-4.9 in SL (20.5-23.0% SL); middle dorsal spine longest, 9.5-10.6% SL; membrane from last dorsal spine joined to base of first soft ray; slightly rounded caudal fin, 22.9-24.0% SL; color pattern essentially similar to Parapercis cylindrica except that the caudal fin is not yellow (Ref. 57562 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Type specimen collected from a depth of 3 m (Ref. 53797 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Ho, Hsuan-Ching | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 2003. Review of the sandperches of the Parapercis cylindrica complex (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae), with description of two new species from the western Pacific. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers (72):1-19. (Ref. 57562 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.3 - 27.9, mean 26.3 (based on 158 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00288 - 0.01448), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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