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Parupeneus barberinus (Lacépède, 1801)
Dash-and-dot Goatfish; Dash-dot Goatfish; Dot And Dash Goat-fish; Pseudupeneus barberinus Lacépède, 1801; Mullus barberinus Cuvier, 1829; Mullus barberinus Lacépède, 1801

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Mullidae   Parupeneus

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus barberinus    (Lacepède, 1801) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mullus barberinus Parupenaeus barberinus Pseudopeneus barberinus Pseudupeneus barberinus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which usually reach posterior to rear margin of preopercle; snout long; dorsal profile of snout straight; mouth small, maxilla reaching only about 1/2 distance to front edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 20 to 25 on lower limb (total 26 to 32). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.15 to 1.7 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins equal to or a little longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18 (usually 17). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body a black stripe from snout through lower part of eye and along back to below rear base of second dorsal fin; back above stripe light grey-brown to yellow, below whitish, the scale edges narrowly grey to reddish brown; a round black spot, larger than eye in adults, posteriorly on midside of caudal peduncle; diagonal pale blue lines alternating with brownish yellow extending dorsoposteriorly and ventroanteriorly from eye, with 1 or 2 parallel blue lines on cheek. Fish taken from deeper water are more red than those from the shallows; the dark stripe on body and spot on peduncle of the deep-dwelling fish may be red. 
Habitat: Inhabits large sand patches as well as sand and rubble areas of reef flats, and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of about 100 m. Forages on sand-dwelling invertebrates like polychaete worms and crustaceans.. Adults solitary or in small groups. Juvenile 
Distribution: Occurs throughout most of the Indo-Pacific from East Africa south to South Africa and eastward to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands; north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Throughout Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382167
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Parupeneus barberinus (Lacepède , 1801)

Dash-and-dot goatfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Parupeneus barberinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Parupeneus barberinus (Dash-and-dot goatfish) Parupeneus barberinus
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical; 34°N - 34°S, 22°E - 134°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Gulf of Aden and Oman, south on the east coast of Africa to Mossel Bay, South Africa, east to the islands of Micronesia, Line Islands, Marquesas Islands, and Tuamotu Archipelago; and from southern Japan to Australia and New Caledonia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 ); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral rays 16-18 (usually 17); gill rakers 6-7 + 20-25 = 26-31; body moderately elongate, depth 3.3-3.7 in SL; head length (HL) 2.6-3.0 in SL; snout length 1.45-2.1 in HL (relatively longer with growth); barbel length 1.4-1.6 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.15-1.75 in HL (longer with growth); penultimate dorsal soft ray about equal to last ray in young, 1.2 in last ray in large adults; pectoral fins 1.5-1.75 in HL; pelvic fins 1.35-1.6 in HL. Colour of body whitish with a dark brown to black stripe (red on fish in deeper water) from upper lip through eye to below posterior part of second dorsal fin or anteriorly on upper caudal peduncle; body above stripe yellow or yellowish gray; body below whitish, scale edges narrowly gray to brownish red; a black or red spot larger than eye at the midbase of caudal fin; some large adults with centers of scales below dark stripe pale blue, the edges yellow or with yellow spots, especially posteriorly; peritoneum dark brown (Ref. 54393 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

One of the most abundant species of Parupeneus (Ref. 37816 ). Inhabits large sand patches as well as sand and rubble areas of reef flats, and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of about 100 m. Forages on sand-dwelling invertebrates like polychaete worms and crustaceans. Feeding is diurnal; from 19 adult specimens for food-habit study, the prey in order by volume in the stomachs: crabs (portunid, anomuran, xanthid, and raninid), worms (mainly polychaetes but also sipunculids and unidentified), small bivalve molluscs, brachiopods, shrimps, small gastropods, isopods, amphipods, foraminifera, and a small unidentified eel (Ref. 54393 ). Individuals from Palau and eastern Carolines often have a yellow band immediately above the broad black band extending behind the eye (Ref. 37816 ). Adults solitary or in small groups. Juveniles usually in small groups, often mixed with other species in sparse seagrass habitats (Ref. 48636 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mature individuals migrate shoreward to spawn and feed (Ref. 7002 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.9 (based on 1480 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00909 - 0.01450), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.38 se; Based on food items. Generation time: 5.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.21-0.22). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz Fish Forum
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