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Parupeneus ciliatus (Lacépède, 1802)
Blackspot Goatfish; Cardinal Goatfish; Diamond-scale Goatfish; Diamond-scaled Goatfish; Diamondscaled Goatfish; Parupeneus porphyreus Jenknins, 1903; Parupeneus sufflavus Whitley, 1941; Upeneus fraterculus Valenciennes, 1831; Sciaena ciliata Lacépède, 1802; Whitesaddle Goatfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Mullidae   Parupeneus

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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus ciliatus    (Lacepède, 1802) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mullus pleurotaenia Parupeneus dispilurus Parupeneus fraterculus Parupeneus ischyrus Parupeneus pleurotaenia Parupeneus porphyreus Parupeneus rubescens Pseudupeneus eutaeniatus Pseudupeneus fraterculus Pseudupeneus ischyrus Pseudupeneus pleurotaenia details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body slightly elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which do not reach rear margin of preopercle; snout short; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave; mouth small, maxilla reaching a vertical through posterior nostril; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 to 8 gill rakers on upper limb, 24 to 27 (rarely 27) on lower limb (total 31 to 34). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.6 to 1.9 times in head length; last 2 rays of second dorsal and anal fins subequal; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 (rarely 14). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body light red, the scale edges reddish brown to dark brown except ventrally; a slight intensification of dark pigment to form a blotch dorsally on caudal peduncle, preceded by a narrow pale blotch; 2 parallel whitish to pale red bands from side of snout through eye (1 across upper part, 1 along lower edge) along back to end beneath front of second dorsal fin; fins light red without markings except small pale spots on dorsal and anal fins of some individuals. 
Habitat: Occurs in seagrass beds and coralline areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mostly crustaceans, at night. 
Distribution: Occurs throughout most of the Indo-Pacific from western Indian Ocean to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Rapa; Mariana Islands in Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in southern 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382170
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Parupeneus ciliatus (Lacepède , 1802)

Whitesaddle goatfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parupeneus ciliatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Parupeneus ciliatus (Whitesaddle goatfish) Parupeneus ciliatus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 91 m (Ref. 26165 ), usually 2 - 40 m (Ref. 37816 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 30°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: western Indian Ocean to the Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Rapa. Replaced by Parupeneus porphyreus in the Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 37816 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710 ); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 4887 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 7. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 15 (rarely 14 or 16); gill rakers 6-8 + 23-27 (total 30-34); body depth 2.93.5 in SL; head length (HL) 2.85-3.25 in SL; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave, the snout length 1.85-2.1 in HL; barbels short, 1.5-1.8 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.55-1.9 in HL; last dorsal ray slightly longer than penultimate ray; posterior margin of caudal-fin lobes convex; pectoral-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.2-1.55 in HL. Color brown to red dorsally, paler ventrally, the scale edges darker; scales on body with or without a white or pale blue spot; a darker brown or brownish red stripe, broadly bordered in white, from front of snout through center of eye, becoming indistinct below origin of second dorsal fin; a dark brown spot within stripe behind eye; a second dark stripe across cheek parallel to the first, bordered below by a white band that ends at pectoral-fin base; a white or pale pink spot anteriorly on upper half of caudal peduncle covering about three horizontal rows of scales, followed by a black or dusky spot with darker scale edges a little larger in size (spot may extend slightly below lateral line); fins light red to reddish gray, the second dorsal and anal fins often with small pale spots (Ref. 54393 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in seagrass beds and coralline areas of lagoon and seaward reefs. Feeds on benthic invertebrates, mostly crustaceans, at night.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

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Internet sources

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.3 - 28.9, mean 27.6 (based on 1374 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00693 - 0.01903), b=3.13 (2.99 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily Fish Forum
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