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Parupeneus cyclostomus (Lacépède, 1801)
GOLDSADDLE GOATFISH
Bright Goatfish; Bright-saddled Goatfish; Gold-saddled Goatfish; Red Mullet; Surmullet; Yellow Goatfish; Yellow-saddle Goatfish; Parupeneus chryserydros Lacépède, 1801; Parupeneus luteus Valenciennes, 1831; Mullus chryserydros Lacépède, 1801; Upeneus luteus Valenciennes, 1831; Mullus cyclostomus Lacépède, 1801

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Mullidae   Parupeneus

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b07e5c69-4669-4028-ba79-a2e416cdd946 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b07e5c69-4669-4028-ba79-a2e416cdd946
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b07e5c69-4669-4028-ba79-a2e416cdd946 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/59a652e6-66ff-4907-9d69-40a5ec72005b;jsessionid=741D0F7BA2FA30FFF33EFC5238CFD5FE
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/59a652e6-66ff-4907-9d69-40a5ec72005b;jsessionid=741D0F7BA2FA30FFF33EFC5238CFD5FE ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/59a652e6-66ff-4907-9d69-40a5ec72005b;jsessionid=741D0F7BA2FA30FFF33EFC5238CFD5FE
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus cyclostomus    (Lacepède, 1801) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mullus chryserydros Mullus cyclostomus Mullus microps Mullus radiatus Parapeneus luteus Parupenaeus cyclostomus Parupeneus chryserydros Parupeneus luteus Parupeneus lutues Parupeneus xanthospilurus Psedupeneus cyclostomus details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 very long slender barbels, reaching to or slightly posterior to end of opercle. Snout long; dorsal profile of snout straight to slightly concave; mouth small, maxilla reaching little more than 1/2 distance to anterior edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 22 to 26 on lower limb (total 29 to 33). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.45 to 1.75 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins slightly longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 to 17 (usually 16). Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body has 2 colour phases, the first yellowish grey with blue markings on the scales and a broad saddle-like yellow spot dorsally on caudal peduncle; irregular blue lines radiating from eye and below eye; second dorsal and anal fins with oblique blue lines; caudal fin with blue lines paralleling rays; other phase entirely yellow with a brighter yellow saddle-like spot dorsally on caudal peduncle. 
Habitat: Found on coral, rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feeds primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day. 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from the Red Sea south to Durban, South Africa (Ref. 5405) and east to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands; north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Throughout Micronesia. It is a common s 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382171
  IUCN Red List:LC       Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parupeneus&speciesname=cyclostomus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parupeneus&speciesname=cyclostomus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parupeneus&speciesname=cyclostomus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Parupeneus-cyclostomus.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Parupeneus cyclostomus (Lacepède , 1801)

Gold-saddle goatfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Parupeneus cyclostomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Parupeneus cyclostomus (Gold-saddle goatfish) Parupeneus cyclostomus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river .  More on author: Lacepède .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 2 - 125 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 35°S, 35°E - 124°W (Ref. 54393 )

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and east coast of Africa south to Durban, South Africa, east to the Hawaiian Islands, islands of French Polynesia and the Pitcairn Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, Japan south to Australia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 ); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573 ); max. published weight: 2.3 kg (Ref. 4887 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 7. This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral rays 16 (rarely 15 or 17); gill rakers 6-7 + 22-26 = 29-33; body depth 3.25-3.8 in SL (body deeper with growth); head length (HL) 2.85-3.1 in SL; snout long, its length 1.61.8 in HL; eye small, the orbit diameter 5.3-8.95 in HL (SL 118-392 mm); barbels very long, 1.15 in HL to longer than head; longest dorsal spine 1.5-1.7 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.1-1.2 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.5-1.7 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL. Colour of large adults yellowish gray, edges of the scales bright blue except ventrally, edges more broadly blue posteriorly; a large, hemispherical, saddle-like, yellow spot covering most of upper half of caudal peduncle; region around eye yellow with radiating short narrow blue bands; caudal fin with longitudinal blue bands; second dorsal and anal fins with narrow oblique blue bands; a second smaller color phase entirely yellow, with dorsal peduncular spot sometimes apparent by being brighter yellow than rest of body (Ref. 54393 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on coral (Ref. 58652 ), rocky, or rubble bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs (Ref. 3921 ). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302 ). Juveniles form schools, adults usually solitary. Feed primarily on small fishes, crustaceans, peanut worms, shrimps, crabs, octopi, and small gastropods during the day (Ref. 3921 ). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. , 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 4690 )




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.8 (based on 1578 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00596 - 0.01841), b=3.09 (2.94 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.2   ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Olisa, Kristine Elaine Paz Fish Forum
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