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Parupeneus spilurus (Bleeker, 1854)
Black-saddled Goatfish; Black-spot Goat-fish; Black-spot Goatfish; Black-spotted Goatfish; Blackspot Goatfish; Goat Fish; Red Goatfish; Barbupeneus signatus Günther, 1867; Caprupeneus jeffi Ogilby, 1908; Hypeneus signatus Günther, 1867; Pseudupeneus signatus Günther, 1867; Pseudupeneus spilurus Bleeker, 1854; Parupeneus fraterculus Valenciennes, 1831; Parupeneus pleurotaenia Playfair, 1866; Parupeneus rubescens Lacépède, 1801; Pseudupeneus jeffi Ogilby, 1908; Upeneus signatus Günther, 1867; Upeneus spilurus Bleeker, 1854

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Mullidae   Parupeneus

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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Parupeneus  
  Parupeneus spilurus    (Bleeker, 1854) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mullus dispilurus Mullus rubescens Papupeneus spilurus Parupeneus signatus Upeneus spilurus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body slightly elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with 2 slender barbels which usually reach to below rear edge of preopercle. Snout short; dorsal profile of snout before eye slightly concave to straight; mouth small, maxilla reaching about 2/3 distance to front edge of eye; a single row of well-spaced, stout, conical teeth in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 6 or 7 gill rakers on upper limb, 21 to 24 on lower limb (total 27 to 32). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII spines, the second fin with 9 soft rays; first dorsal-fin spine very short; longest dorsal-fin spine 1.4 to 1.8 times in head length; last ray of second dorsal and anal fins slightly longer than penultimate ray; anal fin with I spine and 6 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 15 or 16. Lateral-line scales 27 or 28; 3 rows of scales between dorsal fins; 8 or 9 rows of scales along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body orange-red to reddish brown, the scale edges narrowly darker, shading to pale red or white ventrally; a black spot as large or larger than eye dorsally at posterior end of caudal peduncle, its lower edge resting on lateral line, its upper edge near top of peduncle, usually not meeting spot of other side; an elongate pale yellowish blotch adjacent and anterior to black spot, extending to below rear base of second dorsal fin; 3 brown stripes, separated by 2 pale red to whitish stripes, passing from snout along anterior part of body parallel with dorsal contour, the middle brown stripe passing through eye, the lower just above pectoral-fin base; a faint reddish to yellow stripe along lower side of body; fins orange-red; barbels white. 
Habitat: An inshore species generally found on rocky substrata or coral reefs. Often seen by day at rest on the bottom during daylight hours, suggesting possible nocturnal feeding. Adults solitary or in small aggregations; juveniles tend to form small schools. 
Distribution: Known only from the western Pacific from northern New Zealand and New Caledonia to Western Australia. Including Japan, Norfolk Island, Philippines, and Indonesia. It is found in eastern and southern Taiwanese waters, and Penghu Is.. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382177
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Parupeneus spilurus (Bleeker , 1854)

Blackspot goatfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parupeneus spilurus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Parupeneus spilurus (Blackspot goatfish) Parupeneus spilurus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river .  More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 80 m (Ref. 90102 ).   Tropical; 30°N - 50°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Japan to Western Australia, New Caledonia and northern New Zealand. Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 7.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coastal reefs and estuaries (Ref. 9002 ); in Indonesia mainly found on deep reefs adjacent to strong currents (Ref. 90102 ). Juveniles found in small schools; adults singly or in small aggregations (Ref. 9002 , 48636 ). May also be solitary. It is rare in the East Indian region, and found only in cool areas of upwelling; but is common in subtropical latitudes (Ref. 90102 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene , 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 11 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 118484 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Food items
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Common names
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Egg development
Larval dynamics
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 18 - 28.7, mean 27.2 (based on 446 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00767 - 0.02165), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 120179 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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