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Armored searobins; Armored gurnards

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Peristedion barbiger
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Peristedion barbiger
Peristedion paucibarbiger
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Peristedion paucibarbiger

© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12

Main identification features
  • head large, bony, spiny;rostrum - 2 bony plates
  • body covered - bony armor and spines
  • under mouth - barbels
  • pectoral - 2 long free rays + fin


Sea Robins are bottom fishes that live at moderate depths in tropical and temperate areas. As with the related Gurnards (Triglidae) sea robins “walk” on the sand and mud bottoms using the lower two rays of their pectoral fins. Members of this family have the head and body flattened below and completely covered in a heavy armor of bony plates and spines. The snout is extended in a bony two-pointed rostrum and there are barbels below the lower jaw. The dorsal fin is divided into spiny and soft parts; the pectoral fin has a main fin (11-13) plus 2 free rays below; the anal fin has no spines; the pelvic fins are wide apart, below base of pectorals, with I, 5 rays.

There are four genera and about 40 known species in the family. In our area there is one circumglobal genus with four endemic species, two of which enter shallow water.

  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and García-Domínguez, F., 1984., Una especie de Peristedion (Osteichthyes: Scorpaeniformes: Peristediidae) de la bahía de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México., Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas de Mexico, 28:29-38.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Garman, S., 1899., The Fishes. In: Reports of an exploration off the west coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross," during 1891. L.C.Z.L. Tannar, U.S.N. commanding XXVI., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 24:432pp.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Teague, G.W., 1961., The armored sea-robins of America a revision of the american species of the family Peristediidae., Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo, Serie 2.a, 7:3-27.


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Updated: 2020-02-18 15:49:30 gmt
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