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Phacelia bipinnatifida Michx.
FERNLEAF PHACELIA
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Hydrophyllaceae   Phacelia

Phacelia bipinnatifida
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phacelia bipinnatifida

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Phacelia bipinnatifida
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phacelia bipinnatifida
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Phacelia bipinnatifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
Phacelia bipinnatifida, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, stem - showing leaf bases

Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Phacelia bipinnatifida, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, leaf - on upper stem
Phacelia bipinnatifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, whole plant - in flower - general view

Phacelia bipinnatifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
Phacelia bipinnatifida, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, leaf - on upper stem

Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Phacelia bipinnatifida, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, stem - showing leaf bases
Phacelia bipinnatifida, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phacelia bipinnatifida, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Bombus pensylvanicus @ UCRC_ENT (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Phacelia bipinnatifida  Michx.

Phacelia bipinnatifida plant

Family - Hydrophyllaceae

Stems - Erect, branching, from a short caudex and thickened roots, single from the base, purple below, villous to hispid, herbaceous.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, typically trifoliolate or 5-foliolate. Petioles to +/-10cm long, villous to hispid. Blades green above, silvery-green below, pubescent. Leaflets to +/-6cm long, +/-5cm broad, lowest leaflets with silver mottling above. Petiolule of terminal leaflet longer than those of lateral leaflets. Leaflets often divided to 3-lobed. Ultimate divisions acute.

Phacelia bipinnatifida leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal paniculate cymes, elongating in fruit. Axis of inflorescence with glandular and simple, villous. Pedicels to 5mm in flower, longer in fruit.

Flowers - Corolla campanulate, 5-lobed, purple, 7mm long and broad. Sparsely villous externally, glabrous internally. Lobes rounded, 3mm broad and long. Stamens 5, alternating with the corolla lobes, erect, adnate at base of corolla tube. Filaments white, with a few villous hairs, to 3.2mm long. Anthers orange, -2mm long. Ovary superior, green, with erect villous pubescence, 1mm long, unilocular. Placentation free central. Calyx deeply 5-lobed, accrescent. Lobes spreading, linear, 5-6mm long, 1mm broad, (in flower), glandular pubescent. Fruit subglobose, densely villous and glandular pubescence, 4-valved.

Phacelia bipinnatifida flowers

Phacelia bipinnatifida calyx Calyx.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Rich rocky woods, moist slopes, rocky streambanks.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This fine species can be found in the east-central portions of Missouri. Despite its small flowers, the plant is still striking because of its mottled, purplish leaves. It should be cultivated more and grows readily from seed.

Photographs taken outside of Van Buren, MO., 4-16-01, and at Reform Conservation Area, Callaway County, MO., 3-11-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHBI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHBI2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHBI2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHBI2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHBI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHBI2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Phacelia bipinnatifida Michx.
fernleaf phacelia

Image of Phacelia bipinnatifida

General Information
Symbol: PHBI2
Group: Dicot
Family: Hydrophyllaceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Phacelia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 69. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PHBIP Phacelia bipinnatifida Michx. var. plummeri Alph. Wood
PHBR8 Phacelia brevistyla Buckley

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Hydrophyllaceae – Waterleaf family
Genus Phacelia Juss. – phacelia
Species Phacelia bipinnatifida Michx. – fernleaf phacelia

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHBI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHBIP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHBR8)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHBI2)
Native Plants Network (PHBI2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHBI2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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