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Phalaris arundinacea L.
REED CANARY-GRASS
Baldingera arundinacea (L) Dumort; Phalaroides arundinacea Rauschert; Reed canarygrass; Reed Canary Grass

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Poaceae   Phalaris

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Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Phalaris arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea

Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Phalaris arundinacea var arundinacea

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Rhopalomyzus ( @ NCSU (11)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Macrophoma physalospora @ BPI (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Prosapia ignipectus @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Cicadellidae  Exitianus exitiosus @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Cladochytriaceae  Cladochytrium gerhardti @ BPI (6)
Clavicipitaceae  Claviceps microcephala @ BPI (18)

Claviceps purpurea @ BPI (32)

Claviceps @ BPI (4)
Coccinellidae  Hippodamia tredecimpunctata @ I_LB (3)
Corticiaceae  Rhizoctonia @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium graminum @ BPI (2)

Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (2)
Delphacidae  Ribautodelphax pusilla @ UDCC_NRI (25); UDCC_TCN (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium phalaridis @ BPI (3)

Micropeziza karstenii @ BPI (1)

Mollisia culmina @ BPI (1)

Mollisia phalaridis @ BPI (5)
Diaspididae  Pinnaspis aspidistrae @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Asteromella phalaridis @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria typhoidis @ BPI (1)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma brefeldii @ BPI (3)
Epistylidae  Campanella subdendrophora @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe graminis @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum graminicola @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Lachnum rhodoleucum @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora festucae @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Campylenchia latipes @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Miridae  Stenodema trispinosa @ AMNH_ENT (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Heterosporium phragmitis @ BPI (2)

Ovularia hordei @ 413433B (1); BPI (1); 413432A (1); 413433A (1); 413432B (1)

Ovularia pusilla @ BPI (1)

Selenophoma donacis @ BPI (2)

Septoria bromi @ BPI (1); 880242B (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium avenaceum @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria fuckelii @ BPI (7)

Phaeosphaeria fuckelii @ BPI (1)

Phaeosphaeria graminis @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora arenaria @ BPI (9)

Stagonospora foliicola @ 880242A (1); BPI (22)

Stagonospora intermixta @ BPI (2)

Stagonospora vexata @ BPI (6)

Stagonospora @ BPI (2)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora phalaridis @ 880242C (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium giganteum @ BPI (5)

Helminthosporium rostratum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium sorokinianum @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia brevicornis @ BPI (1)

Puccinia coronata @ 060400B (1); 060400A (1); BPI (21)

Puccinia graminis @ BPI (1)

Puccinia majanthae @ BPI (5)

Puccinia phalaridis @ BPI (2)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (1)

Puccinia schmidtiana @ BPI (2)

Puccinia sessilis @ 101876A (1); 101876B (1); BPI (94)

Puccinia smilacearum-digraphidis @ BPI (3)

Puccinia striatula @ BPI (3)
Sclerosporaceae  Sclerospora kriegeriana @ BPI (6)
Tilletiaceae  Tilletia menieri @ BPI (2)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium limogenum @ BPI (1)

Helotium phalaridis @ BPI (1)

Helotium scutula @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Sclerotium clavus @ BPI (1)

Sclerotium rhizodes @ BPI (16)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago echinata @ BPI (57)

Ustilago longissima @ BPI (1)

Ustilago macrospora @ BPI (1)

Ustilago striiformis @ BPI (2)
_  Ascochyta graminicola @ BPI (1)

Ascochyta sorghi @ BPI (1)

Darluca filum @ BPI (1)

Dilophospora graminis @ BPI (1)

Entylomella smarodsii @ BPI (2)

Ophiocladium hordei @ BPI (5)

Rhynchosporium secalis @ BPI (2)

Siroscyphellina arundinacea @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
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http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/invasive/factsheets/reed.htm ---> https://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/land/er/invasive/factsheets/reed.htm
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Following modified from Invasive Plants of Natural Habitats in Canada
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Status read failed: Connection reset by peer http://www.cws-scf.ec.gc.ca/publications/inv/p6_e.cfm/

Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=5&page=358

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Poales  
 Family Poaceae  
 Genus Phalaris  
  Phalaris arundinacea    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Arundo colorata Arundo riparia Baldingera arundinacea Baldingera arundinacea colorata Baldingera arundinacea rotgesii Baldingera arundinacea umbrosa Baldingera arundinacea variegata Baldingera colorata Calamagrostis colorata Calamagrostis variegata Digraphis americana details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 358, 2000 Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania Global Invasive Species Database(全球入侵種資料庫)
Name Code: 201636
  IUCN Red List:LC       Invasive     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)    Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHAR3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHAR3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHAR3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHAR3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHAR3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHAR3
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Phalaris arundinacea L.
reed canarygrass

Image of Phalaris arundinacea

General Information
Symbol: PHAR3
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   I
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Phalaris thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . China, Manchuria, Harbin. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. June 16, 2004. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 170. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States . USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. Washington, DC. 1950. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PHARP Phalaris arundinacea L. var. picta
PHAR15 Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Raeusch.
PHARP3 Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Raeusch. var. picta (L.) Tzvelev

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Phalaris L. – canarygrass
Species Phalaris arundinacea L. – reed canarygrass

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut reed canary grass Invasive, not banned
Massachusetts reed canary-grass Prohibited
Washington reed canarygrass Class C noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Phalaris arundinacea canary grass reed canarygrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska OBL
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PHAR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHAR15)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHAR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHARP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHARP3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PHAR3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHAR3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHAR3)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (PHAR3)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (PHAR3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PHAR3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHAR3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PHAR3)
Related Websites
Ecology and Control of Reed Canary Grass (PHAR3)
FL-Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants (UofFlorida) (PHAR3)
Global Invasive Species Database (PHAR3)
IA-Grasses of Iowa (PHAR3)
Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (PHAR3)
MI-Michigan State University Extension (PHAR3)
MO-Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (PHAR3)
OH-Ohio State University Pocket Gardner (PHAR3)
OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (PHAR3)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (PHAR3)
UK-Plants For A Future (PHAR3)
USDA NRCS Midwestern Wetland Flora (PHAR3)
WA-Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (U. of Washington) (PHAR3)
WA-King County Noxious Weeds (PHAR3)
WA-NonNative Freshwater Plants (PHAR3)
WV-Identification of Common Grasses (line drawings of collar area) (PHAR3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phalaris+arundinacea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phalaris+arundinacea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 39
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phalaris arundinacea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0343 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0344 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0345 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 2190 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 2191 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 2192 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 2193 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 2194 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1801 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1802 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1803 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0117 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0118 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0119 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3295 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3300 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3301 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3302 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3303 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3304 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0311 3305 [detail]
© 2011 Steve Matson

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0517 0841 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0517 0842 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris arundinacea
ID: 0000 0000 0517 0843 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

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