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Phleum pratense L.
TIMOTHY
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Poaceae   Phleum

Phleum pratense, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phleum pratense, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Phleum pratense, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phleum pratense, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Phleum pratense, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phleum pratense, stem - showing leaf bases

Phleum pratense, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phleum pratense, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Phleum pratense
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Phleum pratense

Phleum pratense, Timothy
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Phleum pratense, Timothy
Phleum pratense, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Phleum pratense, seed

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acrospermaceae  Acrospermum compressum @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Rhopalosiphum maidis @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Schizaphis graminum @ NCSU (3)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Sphaeropsis phlei @ BPI (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (1)
Cercopidae  Philaenus spumarius @ UCR_ENT (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Claviceps microcephala @ BPI (14)

Claviceps purpurea @ BPI (20); 634183A (1); 634183B (1)

Claviceps rubra @ BPI (1)

Claviceps @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria culmifida @ BPI (1)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma camusianum @ BPI (1)

Entyloma crastophilum @ BPI (5)

Entyloma dactylidis @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe graminis @ BPI (5)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum cereale @ BPI (5)

Colletotrichum graminicola @ BPI (3)

Colletotrichum @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora oxyspora @ BPI (2)
Miridae  Amblytylus nasutus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Stenotus binotatus @ UCR_ENT (10)

Trigonotylus caelestialium @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Trigonotylus viridis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora graminicola @ BPI (3)

Heterosporium epiphyllum @ BPI (1)

Heterosporium phlei @ BPI (14)

Phloeospora @ BPI (1)

Selenophoma donacis @ BPI (3)

Septoria bromi @ BPI (1)

Septoria culmifida @ 378931A (1)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (1)
Pezizaceae  Peziza @ BPI (1)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora graminis @ BPI (2)
Physodermataceae  Physoderma @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium giganteum @ BPI (2)

Helminthosporium gramineum @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (3)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria @ BPI (1)

Drechslera phlei @ BPI (1)

Pleospora infectoria @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia brachypodii @ BPI (3)

Puccinia coronata @ BPI (1)

Puccinia graminis @ BPI (400); 071758B (1); 071608A (1); 071728A (1); 071728B (1); 071758A (1); 071608B (1)

Puccinia phlei-pratensis @ 090216A (1); BPI (20); 090216B (1)

Puccinia poae-nemoralis @ BPI (1)

Puccinia poculiformis @ BPI (2)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium arundinaceum @ BPI (3)
Tilletiaceae  Tilletia striiformis @ BPI (8)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium stigmaion @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Sclerotium rhizodes @ BPI (1)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis agropyri @ BPI (4)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago salveii @ BPI (1)

Ustilago striaeformis @ BPI (1)

Ustilago striiformis @ BPI (338)
_  Ascochyta sorghi @ BPI (2)

Beloniella graminis @ BPI (2)

Dematium hispidulum @ BPI (1)

Epichloe typhina @ BPI (1)

Scolicotrichum graminis @ BPI (68)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHPR3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHPR3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHPR3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHPR3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHPR3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHPR3
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Phleum pratense L.
timothy

Image of Phleum pratense

General Information
Symbol: PHPR3
Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Graminoid
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
HI   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Phleum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

James R. Johnson. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 191. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States . USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 200. Washington, DC. 1950. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PHNO4 Phleum nodosum L.
PHPRN2 Phleum pratense L. ssp. nodosum (L.) Arcang.
PHPRN Phleum pratense L. var. nodosum (L.) Huds.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Phleum L. – timothy
Species Phleum pratense L. – timothy

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Phleum pratense timothy This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FACU
North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PHPR3)
CalPhotos (PHPR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHNO4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHPR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHPRN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHPRN2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PHPR3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHPR3)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Treatment (PHPR3)
The Grass Manual on the Web - Map (PHPR3)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PHPR3)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PHPR3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHPR3)
Related Websites
FAO-Grassland Species Profiles (PHPR3)
IA-Grasses of Iowa (PHPR3)
IL-Illinois Wildflowers (PHPR3)
IN-Center for New Crops and Plants Products (PHPR3)
MO-Missouri Plants (PHPR3)
NRCS Western Wetland Flora: images & text (PHPR3)
OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (PHPR3)
OR-Forage Information System (PHPR3)
Texas A&M: Grass Images (PHPR3)
UK-Plants For A Future (PHPR3)
USDI GS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (PHPR3)
UT-Range Plants of Utah (PHPR3)
WA-Washington State University Herbarium Image (PHPR3)
WV-Identification of Common Grasses (line drawings of collar area) (PHPR3)
www.invasives.org (PHPR3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Minor
Yarrow Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phleum+pratense&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phleum+pratense&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 22
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phleum pratense%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0902 0164 [detail]
© 2002 Steve Matson

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0901 0507 [detail]
© 1998 Dean Wm. Taylor

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy, Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2309 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy, Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2310 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy, Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2311 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy, Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2312 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2590 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2591 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0346 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0347 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0348 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0208 0349 [detail]
© 2008 Keir Morse

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1479 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Common Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0909 1480 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
Timothy
ID: 0000 0000 0413 1771 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0617 0635 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0617 0636 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0617 0637 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0617 0638 [detail]
© 2017 Zoya Akulova

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0918 0028 [detail]
© 2018 Hannah Kang

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0918 0029 [detail]
© 2018 Hannah Kang

Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
ID: 0000 0000 0918 0030 [detail]
© 2018 Hannah Kang

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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