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Phlox bifida Beck
CLEFT PHLOX
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Polemoniaceae   Phlox

Phlox bifida, Cleft Phlox
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 7
Phlox bifida, Cleft Phlox

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Phlox bifida, Cleft Phlox
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 6
Phlox bifida, Cleft Phlox
Phlox bifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phlox bifida, whole plant - in flower - general view

Phlox bifida, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phlox bifida, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Phlox bifida, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phlox bifida, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Phlox bifida, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phlox bifida, leaf - on upper stem
Phlox bifida, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phlox bifida, stem - showing leaf bases

Phlox bifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phlox bifida, whole plant - in flower - general view
Phlox bifida, flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Phlox bifida, flower

Phlox bifida, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Phlox bifida, pollen
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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Phlox bifida Beck

Sand Phlox

Phlox bifida plant

Family - Polemoniaceae

Stems - Multiple from base, erect or ascending to decumbent, often rooting at lower nodes, branching, villous, herbaceous, terete.

Phlox bifida stem

Leaves - Opposite, linear to linear-lanceolate, entire, sessile, acute, mucronate, -3cm long, 2-3mm broad, pubescent on new growth but becoming glabrous, with single midrib.

Phlox bifida leaves

Inflorescence - Terminal and axillary single flowers. Pedicels villous, 2-5mm long in flower, elongating in fruit to +1.5cm, erect.

Flowers - Corolla salverform, 5-lobed, typically some shade of blue to white. Corolla tube 1cm long, glabrous. Lobes +1cm long, deeply notched at apex, glabrous, with darker spots of color at base. Stamens 5, adnate at different levels in corolla tube, included. Anthers 2mm long, orange. Ovary ovoid, superior, green, glabrous, 1.2mm long, 3-locular. Placentation axile. Style greenish-white, 5.5mm long, glabrous. Stigmas 3. Calyx villous, 5-lobed (toothed), 8mm long. Lobes joined in lower 1/2 by scarious tissue, attenuate.

Phlox bifida calyx Calyx.

Phlox bifida flower Flower close-up.

Flowering - March - May.

Habitat - Rocky and dry open woods, slopes, ravines, rocky outcroppings. Also widely cultivated.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This striking plant can be found growing wild in just a handful of Missouri counties. Wild plants are typically scraggly and thin because of the tough growing conditions the plant accepts. Cultivated plants are much more full-bodied and colorful and can form large mats when left alone. The pictures below are of cultivated specimens:

Phlox bifida plant

Phlox bifida flower

Photographs taken off Main St., Liberty, MO., 4-14-00, and in the Piney Creek Wilderness, Barry County, MO., 4-4-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHBI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHBI3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PHBI3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHBI3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHBI3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PHBI3
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Phlox bifida Beck
cleft phlox

Image of Phlox bifida

General Information
Symbol: PHBI3
Group: Dicot
Family: Polemoniaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Subshrub
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Phlox thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 56. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Polemoniaceae – Phlox family
Genus Phlox L. – phlox
Species Phlox bifida Beck – cleft phlox

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Phlox bifida . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Phlox bifida</i>
Beck ssp. <i>
bifida </i>
Phlox bifida ssp. bifida
cleft phlox Distribution of <i>
Phlox bifida</i>
Beck ssp. <i>
stellaria</i>
(A. Gray) Wherry
Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
cleft phlox

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Michigan cleft phlox Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PHBI3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHBI3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (PHBI3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHBI3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phlox+bifida&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phlox+bifida&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
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Number of matches : 4
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phlox bifida%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Phlox bifida
Phlox bifida
ID: 0000 0000 1010 1369 [detail]
© 2010 Mike Ireland

Phlox bifida
Phlox bifida
ID: 0000 0000 1010 1370 [detail]
© 2010 Mike Ireland

Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Glade Cleft Phlox
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1747 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Cleft Phlox
ID: 0000 0000 0405 2342 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phlox+bifida+ssp.+stellaria&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phlox+bifida+ssp.+stellaria&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Glade Cleft Phlox
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1747 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Phlox bifida ssp. stellaria
Cleft Phlox
ID: 0000 0000 0405 2342 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2018 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2018-10-21 17:51:07 gmt
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