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Phytolacca americana L.
PIGEON BERRY
Pokeweed; Inkberry; Pigeonberry; Pokeberry; Phytolacca decandra L; American pokeweed

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Phytolaccaceae   Phytolacca

Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana

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Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana

Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana

Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana

Phytolacca americana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana, Pokeweed flowers, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Phytolacca americana, Pokeweed flowers, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

Phytolacca americana, Pokeweed flowers, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Phytolacca americana, Pokeweed flowers, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Phytolacca americana, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phytolacca americana, whole plant - in flower - general view

Phytolacca americana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phytolacca americana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Phytolacca americana, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phytolacca americana, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Phytolacca americana, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phytolacca americana, stem - showing leaf bases
Phytolacca americana, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Phytolacca americana, whole plant - in flower - general view

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  2007-09-29 16 @ (1)

phytolacca americana @ I_EHLK (3)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (1)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ PN- (3)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe aculeata @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe arctii @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Lasioglossum ephialtum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum oceanicum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora flagellaris @ BPI (12)

Septoria phytolaccae @ BPI (2)
Phyllachoraceae  Phyllachora @ BPI (1)
Phytolaccaceae  Phytolacca americana @ I_EHLK (3)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria concentrica @ BPI (1)
_  Cicadellidae @ PN- (2)

Gn_ms_flectotheca sp_wa0909msp100 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Vespidae @ PN- (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Phytolacca americana L. Pokeweed
Phytolaccaceae — Pokeweed family
Native
Phytolacca americana
The front yard
July 2001 Phytolacca americana
White Clay Creek State Park -- Creek Road
September 2010 Phytolacca americana
Paper Mill Park
September 2014

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Phytolacca americana L.

Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana plant

Family - Phytolaccaceae

Stems - To 3m tall, erect, glabrous, greenish to purple-red, branching, herbaceous.

Phytolacca americana stem

Leaves - Alternate, entire, oblong, lanceolate-oblong, or ovate, petiolate, up to +30cm long, +15cm wide.

Inflorescence - Axillary racemes to +/-40cm long. Pedicels to 1cm long, 4-angled, tuberculate on angles, subtended by curling bract. Bract to 4mm long, 1mm broad. Pedicel with two small attenuate bracts alternate about at it's midpoint. Axis of inflorescence and pedicels whitish in flower, becoming red in fruit.

Phytolacca americana flowers Portion of inflorescence.

Flowers - Apetalous. Sepals 5, white or with a pinkish tinge, distinct, 2.2mm long and broad, slightly involute, broadly ovate to rotund, entire or slightly erose near apex. Stamens 10. Filaments pinkish-white, 2mm long, glabrous. Ovary 10-carpellate, green, globose to subglobose, 2.4mm in diameter, glabrous. Fruit a purple-black berry to -1cm in diameter.

Phytolacca americana flower Flower close-up.

Phytolacca americana fruits Fruits.

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, open woods, pastures, prairies, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info . - All parts of this weedy species are toxic when mature but the young shoots and leaves can be eaten when cooked. Why take the chance when there is a grocery store on every corner? The "ink" from the berries will stain almost anything it touches.
This is an easy species to ID in the field because of its big, alternate leaves, reddish stems, long inflorescences, and purple berries.

Photographs taken in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO, 6-24-03 and 6-29-03.


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Following served from Plant Bug AMNH_PBI00000364 wa%201996%20l47%20h140
   
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Caryophyllales  
 Family Phytolaccaceae  
 Genus Phytolacca  
  Phytolacca americana    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
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Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 2: 316, 1996; 台灣入侵及外來種圖鑑, 林業試驗所 2005
Name Code: 202738
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Phytolacca americana L.
American pokeweed

Image of Phytolacca americana

General Information
Symbol: PHAM4
Group: Dicot
Family: Phytolaccaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Phytolacca thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Turkey, Trabzon. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 26. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Phytolaccaceae – Pokeweed family
Genus Phytolacca L. – pokeweed
Species Phytolacca americana L. – American pokeweed

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Phytolacca americana . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Phytolacca americana</i>
L. var. <i>
americana </i>
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American pokeweed Distribution of <i>
Phytolacca americana</i>
L. var. <i>
rigida</i>
(Small) Caulkins & Wyatt
Phytolacca americana var. rigida
American pokeweed

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Phytolacca americana American pokeweed common pokeweed inkberry pigeonberry pokeberry pokeweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PHAM4)
CalPhotos (PHAM4)
Flora of North America (PHAM4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PHAM4)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PHAM4)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHAM4)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHAM4)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (PHAM4)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHAM4)
Related Websites
HI-Plants of Hawaii (HEAR) (PHAM4)
Henriette's Herbal Homepage (PHAM4)
IL-Veterinary Medicine Library (PHAM4)
KS-Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses (PHAM4)
MO-Missouri Plants (PHAM4)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (NCSU) (PHAM4)
NY-Cornell University: Poisonous Plant Databases (images) (PHAM4)
Pokeweed Antiviral Protein (PHAM4)
Purdue University, Botany Department: no-till abstract & images (PHAM4)
UK-Plants For A Future (PHAM4)
VA-Weed Identification Guide (PHAM4)
Wildflowers of the Southeastern U.S. (PHAM4)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor
Miller Low Low Moderate
Yarrow Low Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Miller
Yarrow

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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2. Phytolacca americana Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 441. 1753.

Pokeweed, poke, pokeberry

Plants to 3(-7) m. Leaves: petiole 1-6 cm; blade lanceolate to ovate, to 35 × 18 cm, base rounded to cordate, apex acuminate. Racemes open, proximalmost pedicels sometimes bearing 2-few flowers, erect to drooping, 6-30 cm; peduncle to 15 cm; pedicel 3-13 mm. Flowers: sepals 5, white or greenish white to pinkish or purplish, ovate to suborbiculate, equal to subequal, 2.5-3.3 mm; stamens (9-)10(-12) in 1 whorl; carpels 6-12, connate at least in proximal 1 /2; ovary 6-12-loculed. Berries purple-black, 6-11 mm diam. Seeds black, lenticular, 3 mm, shiny. 2 n = 36.

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora): North America; introduced in Europe.

The infraspecific taxonomy of Phytolacca americana has been disputed since J. K. Small (1905) recognized P. rigida as distinct from P. americana on the basis of its "permanently erect panicles" [sic] and "pedicels...much shorter than the diameter of the berries." J. W. Hardin (1964b) separated P. rigida from P. americana by the length of the raceme (2-12 cm in P. rigida , 5-30 cm in P. americana ) and the thickness and diameter of the xylem center of the peduncle (70% greater thickness in P. rigida , 17% greater diameter in P. americana ), but he found no discontinuities in any feature. J. W. Nowicke (1968) and J. D. Sauer (1952), among others, treated P. rigida as a synonym of P. americana . Most recently, D. B. Caulkins and R. Wyatt (1990) recognized P. rigida as a variety of P. americana .

The varieties are not always clearly distinct. Some specimens combine the erect inflorescences of var. rigida with the long pedicels of var. americana . Such intermediate plants can be seen as far north as coastal Delaware, sometimes growing with var. americana .

Collectors of Phytolacca americana should record carefully whether the inflorescences are erect, drooping, or intermediate between the extremes.

The fruits and seeds of Phytolacca americana are eaten and disseminated by birds and, probably, mammals. They are said to be an important source of food for mourning doves (A. C. Martin et al. 1951).

Phytolacca americana is well known to herbalists, cell biologists, and toxicologists. According to some accounts, its young leaves, after being boiled in two waters (the first being discarded) to deactivate toxins, are edible, even being available canned (they pose no culinary threat to spinach). Young shoots are eaten as a substitute for asparagus. Ripe berries were used to color wine and are eaten (cooked) in pies. Poke is used as an emetic, a purgative, a suppurative, a spring tonic, and a treatment for various skin maladies, especially hemorrhoids.

Pokeweed mitogen is a mixture of glycoprotein lectins that are powerful immune stimulants, promoting T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation and increased immun-oglobulin levels. "Accidental exposure to juices from Phytolacca americana via ingestion, breaks in the skin, and the conjunctiva has brought about hematological changes in numerous people, including researchers studying this species" (G. K. Rogers 1985). Poke antiviral proteins are of great interest for their broad, potent antiviral (including Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and antifungal properties (P. Wang et al. 1998). Saponins found in P. americana and P. dodecandra are lethal to the molluscan intermediate host of schistosomiasis (J. M. Pezzuto et al. 1984). The toxic compounds in P. americana are phytolaccatoxin and related triterpene saponins, the alkaloid phytolaccin, various histamines, and oxalic acid. When ingested, the roots, leaves, and fruits may poison animals, including Homo sapiens . Symptoms of poke poisoning include sweating, burning of the mouth and throat, severe gastritis, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, blurred vision, elevated white-blood-cell counts, unconsciousness, and, rarely, death.

"Poke" is thought to come from "pocan" or "puccoon," probably from the Algonquin term for a plant that contains dye.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Armesto, J. J., G. P. Cheplick, and M. J. McDonnell. 1983. Observations of the reproductive biology of Phytolacca americana (Phytolaccaceae). Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 110: 380-383. Caulkins, D. B. and R. Wyatt. 1990. Variation and taxonomy of Phytolacca americana and P. rigida in the southeastern United States. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 117: 357-367. Davis, J. I. 1985. Introgression in Central American Phytolacca (Phytolaccaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 72: 1944-1953. Hardin, J. W. 1964b. A comparison of Phytolacca americana and P. rigida . Castanea 29: 155-164. Sauer, J. D. 1950. Pokeweed, an old American herb. Missouri Bot. Gard. Bull. 38: 82-88. Sauer, J. D. 1951. Studies of variation in the weed genus Phytolacca . II. Latitudinally adapted variants within a North American species. Evolution 5: 273-279. Sauer, J. D. 1952. A geography of pokeweed. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 39: 113-125.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phytolacca+americana+var.+americana+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Phytolacca+americana+var.+americana+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 40
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phytolacca americana var. americana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1512 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1513 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1514 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1515 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1516 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1517 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1518 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1519 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1520 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1521 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1522 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1111 0863 [detail]
© 2011 Barry Breckling

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
Pokeweed
(shown with Frangula (rhamnus) californica )
ID: 0000 0000 1112 0171 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1112 0174 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0729 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0730 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0731 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0732 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0733 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0913 0734 [detail]
© 2013 Keir Morse

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1524 [detail]
© 2014 Neal Kramer

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1523 [detail]
© 2014 Neal Kramer

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1521 [detail]
© 2014 Neal Kramer

Phytolacca americana var. americana
Phytolacca americana var. americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1525 [detail]
© 2014 Neal Kramer

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Number of matches : 78
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Phytolacca americana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

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Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeberry
ID: 8253 3202 4146 0055 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0175 3301 2363 0049 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeberry
ID: 0175 3301 2363 0048 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeberry
ID: 8253 3202 4146 0056 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeberry
ID: 0175 3301 2363 0051 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0175 3301 2363 0050 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0904 0295 [detail]
© 2004 Tom Greer tbphotos@comcast.net

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeroot
ID: 3333 1111 0308 0037 [detail]
© University and Jepson Herbaria

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2545 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2546 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1317 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1318 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0057 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0809 0927 [detail]
© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0146 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0147 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0148 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0149 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 0710 1602 [detail]
© 2010 Jean Pawek

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1112 1383 [detail]
© 2012 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1112 1390 [detail]
© 2012 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1112 1389 [detail]
© 2012 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1112 1388 [detail]
© 2012 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Phytolacca americana
Phytolacca americana
American Pokeweed
ID: 0000 0000 1112 1387 [detail]
© 2012 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

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