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Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.
NORWAY SPRUCE
Common Spruce; Pinus abies L; Pinus excelsa Lam; Picea excelsa Lam Link; Abies abies (L) Rusby; Abies excelsa Poir nom illegit; Picea excelsa Link nom illegit; Pinus excelsa Lam nom illegit; Pinus pyramidalis Salisb nom illegit

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Picea

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma strobiligena @ BPI (1)
Albatrellaceae  Albatrellus citrinus @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia gravesii @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia stevensonii @ BPI (4)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella piceae @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (1); CSCA_TCN (19)

Elatobium abietinum @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Pterocomma smithiae @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Atheliaceae  Athelia fibulata @ BPI (1)

Athelia salicum @ BPI (1)
Auriscalpiaceae  Lentinellus castoreus @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium subcoronatum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella strobilina @ BPI (1)
Ceratiomyxaceae  Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca vitis @ III (3)
Cicadidae  Tibicen canicularis @ AMNH_IZC (4)

Tibicen linnei @ AMNH_ENT (13)
Clavicipitaceae  Neobarya danica @ BPI (1)
Coccidae  Physokermes concolor @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Physokermes hemicryphus @ CSCA_TCN (6)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa abietis @ BPI (7)

Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa ledi @ BPI (9)

Chrysomyxa rhododendri @ BPI (5)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora arida @ BPI (1)

Coniophora olivacea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (1)
Cortinariaceae  Phaeocollybia jennyae @ BPI (1)

Tubaria confragosa @ BPI (1)
Cystostereaceae  Cystostereum murrayi @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces stillatus @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Pezicula eucrita @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Echinodontiaceae  Laurilia sulcata @ BPI (1)
Exidiaceae  Exidia pithya @ BPI (1)

Exidiopsis calcea @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Climacocystis borealis @ BPI (1)

Fomitopsis pinicola @ BPI (1)

Fomitopsis rosea @ BPI (1)
Gomphidiaceae  Gomphidius glutinosus @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Hymenoscyphus sazavae @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Cistella acuum @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula abietis @ BPI (1)

Lachnellula suecica @ BPI (1)

Lachnum acuum @ BPI (1)

Lachnum spiraeicola @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete fuliginosa @ BPI (1)

Onnia leporina @ BPI (1)
Hyphodermataceae  Hyphoderma argillaceum @ BPI (1)

Hyphoderma sibiricum @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Hypocrea citrina @ BPI (1)
Lachnocladiaceae  Scytinostroma odoratum @ BPI (1)

Vararia granulosa @ BPI (2)
Meripilaceae  Antrodia heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Antrodia serialis @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Meruliopsis taxicola @ BPI (2)

Merulius tignicola @ BPI (1)

Phlebia centrifuga @ BPI (1)

Phlebia serialis @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Agnocoris @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Atractotomus cooperi @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Atractotomus magnicornis @ AMNH_PBI (148)

Ceratocapsus luteus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Cremnocephalus albolineatus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Cremnocephalus alpestris @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris rubroclarus @ AMNH_ENT (4)

Dichaetocoris piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Orthotylus pennsylvanicus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Phytocoris buenoi @ AMNH_ENT (7)

Phytocoris crawfordi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Phytocoris neglectus @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Pilophorus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (38)

Pilophorus vicarius @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pinalitus rubricatus @ AMNH_ENT (26)

Plagiognathus vitellinus @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (17)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Discella strobilina @ BPI (5)
Mymaridae  Dicopus minutissimus @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Mytilinidiaceae  Mytilinidion mytilinellum @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (3)

Neonectria fuckeliana @ BPI (2)

Neonectria punicea @ BPI (1)

Neonectria @ BPI (1)
Paxillaceae  Paxillus atrotomentosus @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium infestans @ BPI (4)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Setomelanomma holmii @ BPI (2)
Phanerochaetaceae  Ceraceomyces sublaevis @ BPI (1)

Phanerochaete sanguinea @ BPI (1)

Phlebiopsis gigantea @ BPI (1)
Phymatidae  Lophoscutus lepidus @ AMNH_PBI (33)
Polyporaceae  Coriolus subabruptus @ BPI (1)

Daedaleopsis confragosa @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (1)

Fomes ferrugineo-fuscus @ BPI (1)

Fomes isabellinus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (1)

Fomes viticola @ BPI (2)

Hirschioporus laricinus @ BPI (1)

Lenzites odoratum @ BPI (2)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus borealis @ BPI (1)

Poria stellae @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (1)

Poria tschulymica @ BPI (3)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Trametes malicola @ BPI (1)

Trichaptum abietinum @ BPI (1)

Tyromyces lowei @ BPI (3)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum areolatum @ BPI (4)

Pucciniastrum padi @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Sinea @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypodermella macrospora @ BPI (2)

Lophodermium macrosporum @ BPI (4)

Tryblidiopsis pinastri @ BPI (1)
Russulaceae  Lactarius deterrimus @ BPI (1)
Rutstroemiaceae  Rutstroemia bulgarioides @ BPI (1)
Sarcosomataceae  Pseudoplectania nigrella @ BPI (1)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia aspera @ BPI (1)

Hyphodontia breviseta @ BPI (1)

Schizopora paradoxa @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Ciboria bulgarioides @ BPI (1)
Sistotremataceae  Paullicorticium pearsonii @ BPI (2)

Sistotremastrum suecicum @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia bicolor @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (1)

Amylostereum chailletii @ BPI (1)

Stereum murrayi @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (1)

Vesiculomyces citrinus @ BPI (1)
Thelephoraceae  Tomentella atramentaria @ BPI (1)
Tremellaceae  Tremella cetrariicola @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium sulphuratum @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora kunzei @ BPI (2)

Valsa abietis @ BPI (2)

Valsa kunzei @ BPI (1)
Xenasmataceae  Xenasma minutum @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia thelena @ BPI (2)
_  Ceraceomerulius serpens @ BPI (1)

Fibuloporia donkii @ BPI (1)

Naevia piniperda @ BPI (1)

Phragmotrichum chailletii @ BPI (3)

Pseudopatellina conigena @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus conigenus @ BPI (4)

Sirococcus piceicola @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus strobilinus @ BPI (1)

Thekopsora areolata @ BPI (5)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIAB ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIAB
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIAB ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAB
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAB ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIAB
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Picea abies (L.) Karst.
Norway spruce

Image of Picea abies

General Information
Symbol: PIAB
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Picea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Beverly. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, MA, Beverly. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

E.S. Shipp. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC, Pisgah National Forest. 1930. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PIEX2 Picea excelsa (Lam.) Link

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Picea A. Dietr. – spruce
Species Picea abies (L.) Karst. – Norway spruce

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIAB)
CalPhotos (PIAB)
Flora of North America (PIAB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIAB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIEX2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (PIAB)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIAB)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIAB)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PIAB)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Picea

1. Picea abies (Linnaeus) H. Karsten, Deut. Fl. 2/3: 324. 1881.

Norway spruce, épinette de Norvège

Pinus abies Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1002. 1753

Trees to 30m; trunk to 2m diam.; crown conic. Bark gray-brown, scaly. Branches short and stout, the upper ascending, the lower drooping; twigs stout, reddish brown, usually glabrous. Buds reddish brown, 5--7mm, apex acute. Leaves 1--2.5cm, 4-angled in cross section, rigid, light to dark green, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex blunt-tipped. Seed cones (10--)12--16cm; scales diamond-shaped, widest near middle, 18--30 ´ 15--20mm, thin and flexuous, margin at apex erose to toothed, apex extending 6--10mm beyond seed-wing impression. 2 n =24.

Norway spruce, native to Europe, has become locally naturalized, at least in north central United States (and adjacent Canada). The species is the most widely cultivated spruce in North America; many cultivars exist, including dwarf shrubs.