D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Picea glauca (Moench) Voss
WHITE SPRUCE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Picea

Picea glauca, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, whole tree - general

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Picea glauca, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Picea glauca, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Picea glauca, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, twig - showing attachment of needles
Picea glauca, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, twig - after fallen needles

Picea glauca, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, leaf - entire needle
Picea glauca, bark - of a medium tree or large branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, bark - of a medium tree or large branch

Picea glauca, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea glauca, cone - female - mature open
Picea glauca
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Picea glauca

Picea glauca
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Picea glauca

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma strobiligena @ BPI (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella piceaperda @ BPI (3)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Elatobium abietinum @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Mindarus abietinus @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Atheliaceae  Amphinema byssoides @ BPI (1)

Athelia byssina @ BPI (1)

Athelia neuhoffii @ BPI (1)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (1)
Boreostereaceae  Columnocystis abietina @ BPI (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis sparsa @ BPI (1)
Chionosphaeraceae  Stilbum resinarium @ BPI (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli @ BPI (19)

Chrysomyxa empetri @ BPI (20)

Chrysomyxa ledi @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa ledicola @ BPI (26)

Chrysomyxa pyrolae @ BPI (6)

Chrysomyxa pyrolata @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa weirii @ BPI (3)

Chrysomyxa woroninii @ BPI (2)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora olivacea @ BPI (1)

Coniophora puteana @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium galactinum @ BPI (3)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Tapesia sanguinea @ BPI (1)
Gloeophyllaceae  Gloeophyllum sepiarium @ BPI (1)
Helvellaceae  Helvella crispa @ BPI (1)

Helvella elastica @ BPI (1)
Hemiphacidiaceae  Sarcotrochila piniperda @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus resinarius @ BPI (3)
Hymenochaetaceae  Phellinus chrysoloma @ BPI (2)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia juniperi @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius ambiguus @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Atractotomus cooperi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Atractotomus kolenatii @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Atractotomus magnicornis @ AMNH_PBI (28); BPBM_TCN (2)

Ceratocapsus luteus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Dichaetocoris piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Dichrooscytus latifrons @ AMNH_PBI (41)

Neolygus omnivagus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Orthotylus pennsylvanicus @ AMNH_PBI (16); AMNH_IZC (3)

Phytocoris buenoi @ AMNH_ENT (3)

Phytocoris crawfordi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Piceophylus keltoni @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Pilophorus americanus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (42)

Pilophorus uhleri @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pinalitus approximatus @ AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_ENT (34)

Pinalitus rubricatus @ AMNH_PBI (6); AMNH_ENT (22)

Plagiognathus tumidifrons @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Plagiognathus vitellinus @ AMNH_PBI (17)

Psallovius piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (30)
Morchellaceae  Costantinella micheneri @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)
Ostreidae  Ostreola consociata @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora subincarnata @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium infestans @ BPI (1)
Phanerochaetaceae  Ceraceomyces serpens @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes cajanderi @ BPI (3)

Fomes nigrolimitatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (5)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (17)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (3)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (3)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus anceps @ BPI (4)

Polyporus balsameus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus caesius @ BPI (1)

Polyporus circinatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus elegans @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus guttulatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (3)

Polyporus tomentosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Poria crustulina @ BPI (2)

Poria lenis @ BPI (1)

Poria sinuosa @ BPI (1)

Poria taxicola @ BPI (2)

Poria xantha @ BPI (1)

Pycnoporellus fulgens @ BPI (1)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (3)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (2)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (2)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsorella caryophyllacearum @ BPI (2)

Melampsorella cerastii @ BPI (1)

Pucciniastrum americanum @ 143879A (1); 143879B (1)
Ramariaceae  Kavinia alboviridis @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Rasahus @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Rhytismataceae  Bifusella crepidiformis @ BPI (3)

Lirula brevispora @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium filiforme @ BPI (3)

Lophodermium piceae @ BPI (1)

Tryblidiopsis pinastri @ BPI (3)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia alutaria @ BPI (1)
Sebacinaceae  Sebacina calcea @ BPI (1)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora vaga @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurocystidiellum subcruentatum @ BPI (3)

Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (3)

Aleurodiscus canadensis @ BPI (2)

Aleurodiscus lividocoeruleus @ BPI (1)

Gloeocystidiellum citrinum @ BPI (1)

Stereum radiatum @ BPI (3)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (3)
Thelephoraceae  Pseudotomentella nigra @ BPI (1)
Valsaceae  Cytospora kunzei @ BPI (2)

Valsa kunzei @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Rhizosphaera kalkhoffii @ BPI (2)
_  Aurantiporellus alboluteus @ BPI (1)

Naevia piniperda @ BPI (1)

Phragmotrichum chailletii @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus piceicola @ BPI (1)

Stigmina lautii @ BPI (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Picea_glauca.php

Following served from Naturhistoriska riksmuseet
   
Top | See original context

Following modified from US Forest Service
   
Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/picea/glauca.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 (Name or service not known) http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/pglauca.htm

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 2 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Picea

4. Picea glauca (Moench) Voss, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 16: 93. 1907.

White spruce, western white spruce, Porsild spruce, Black Hills spruce, épinette blanche

Pinus glauca Moench, Verz. Ausländ. Bäume, 73. 1785; Abies canadensis Miller; Picea alba (Aiton) Link; P . alba var. albertiana (S.Brown) Beissner; P . albertiana S.Brown; P . canadensis (Miller) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg; P . canadensis var. glauca (Moench) Sudworth; P . glauca var. albertiana (S.Brown) Sargent; P . glauca var. densata L. H. Bailey; P . glauca var. porsildii Raup; Pinus alba Aiton

Trees to 30m; trunk to 1m diam.; crown broadly conic to spirelike. Bark gray-brown. Branches slightly drooping; twigs not pendent, rather slender, pinkish brown, glabrous. Buds orange-brown, 3--6mm, apex rounded. Leaves (0.8--)1.5--2(--2.5)cm, 4-angled in cross section, rigid, blue-green, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex sharp-pointed. Seed cones 2.5--6(--8)cm; scales fan-shaped, broadest near rounded apex, 10--16 ´ 9--13mm, flexuous, margin at apex ± entire, apex extending 0.5--3mm beyond seed-wing impression. 2 n =24.

Muskegs, bogs, and river banks to montane slopes; 0--1000m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., S.Dak., Vt., Wis., Wyo.

In areas of sympatry Picea glauca and P . engelmannii regularly hybridize and intergrade completely (R.Daubenmire 1974; E.H. Garman 1957; K.W. Horton 1959; L.Roche 1969; T.M.C. Taylor 1959). This has greatly complicated the taxonomy of P . glauca , a dominant tree of interior forests of Canada and Alaska. Three varieties have been recognized. Picea glauca var. albertiana was described as having unusually prominent leaf bases, cones nearly as broad as long, cone scales acute and broader than long, and an unusually narrow crown. These are common characteristics of hybrids (e.g., R.Daubenmire 1974). Picea glauca var. porsildii was described as differing from the type variety by having smooth bark with resin blisters, short angular cone scales, an unusually broad crown, and pubescent twigs. These characteristics, also largely intermediate between those of P . glauca var. glauca and P . engelmannii , may reflect hybridization where the species overlap. Although the two varieties noted above are reported from well beyond the range of sympatry, the diagnostic characteristics are not well correlated and occur rather sporadically. Also the most distinctive feature of the varieties, the crown shape, is in part responsive to competitive pressures. Because of the problems of hybridization and sporadic occurrence of key characters, P . glauca is treated here in the broad sense.

Picea glauca (white spruce) is the provincial tree of Manitoba and the state tree (as Black Hills spruce) of South Dakota.

SELECTED REFERENCES

LaRoi, G.H. and J.R. Dugle. 1968. A systematic and genecological study of Picea glauca and P . engelmannii , using paper chromatography of needle extracts. Canad. J. Bot. 46: 649--687. Little, E.L. Jr. and S.S. Pauley. 1958. A natural hybrid between black and white spruce in Minnesota. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 60: 202--211.

Updated: 2021-09-26 03:43:22 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation