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Picea mariana (Mill. ) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
BLACK SPRUCE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Picea

Picea mariana, Whole tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea mariana, Whole tree

Click on map for details about points.

Links

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma galli-chermis @ BPI (2)
Arcyriaceae  Arcyria oerstedtii @ BPI (1)
Botryobasidiaceae  Botryobasidium botryosum @ BPI (1)
Chaetothyriaceae  Microcallis @ BPI (1)
Cicadidae  Okanagana rimosa @ AMNH_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Micraspis acicola @ BPI (3)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli @ BPI (20)

Chrysomyxa cassandrae @ BPI (23)

Chrysomyxa chiogenis @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa empetri @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa ledi @ 139874A (1); 139863A (1); 139863B (1); 139874B (1); BPI (66); 139862A (1)

Chrysomyxa ledicola @ BPI (56)

Chrysomyxa pyrolae @ BPI (6)

Chrysomyxa weirii @ BPI (4)

Chrysomyxa woroninii @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium galactinum @ BPI (1)

Corticium macounii @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Guepiniopsis torta @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus agassizii @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus resinarius @ BPI (2)

Lachnellula suecica @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora macrospora @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Herpotrichia juniperi @ BPI (1)

Herpotrichia nigra @ BPI (5)
Metacapnodiaceae  Capnobotrys neesii @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Dichrooscytus latifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Neolygus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus pennsylvanicus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Phytocoris crawfordi @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus piceicola @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus uhleri @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plagiognathus tumidifrons @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora sambuci @ BPI (1)
Phacidiaceae  Lophophacidium hyperboreum @ BPI (1)

Phacidium expansum @ BPI (1)

Phacidium infestans @ BPI (3)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete carnosa @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes annosus @ BPI (1)

Fomes cajanderi @ BPI (3)

Fomes palliseri @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (12)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (9)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (10)

Fomes subroseus @ BPI (3)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (10)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (9)

Polyporus albellus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus alutaceus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus anceps @ BPI (3)

Polyporus aurantiacus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus biformis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus circinatus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus guttulatus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus tomentosus @ BPI (1)

Poria crustulina @ BPI (1)

Poria nigrescens @ BPI (1)

Poria rixosa @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (3)

Trametes americana @ BPI (2)

Trametes carnea @ BPI (1)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (1)

Trametes piceinus @ BPI (1)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (4)

Trametes setosus @ BPI (1)

Trametes subrosea @ BPI (2)

Trametes trabea @ BPI (1)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (4)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsorella caryophyllacearum @ BPI (1)

Pucciniastrum americanum @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Bifusella crepidiformis @ BPI (9)

Lophodermium filiforme @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium piceae @ BPI (1)

Tryblidiopsis pinastri @ BPI (1)
Schizoporaceae  Hyphodontia breviseta @ BPI (1)
Sebacinaceae  Sebacina calcea @ BPI (1)
Sistotremataceae  Trechispora subillaqueata @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (2)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis carestiae @ BPI (1)
_  Chaetoscutula juniperi @ BPI (1)

Clithris crispa @ BPI (1)

Coriolellus heteromorphus @ BPI (1)

Karschia microspora @ BPI (1)

Melampsoropsis cassandrae @ BPI (2)

Melampsoropsis ledi @ BPI (1)

Melampsoropsis ledicola @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia @ BPI (3)

Zythia resinae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIMA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIMA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIMA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIMA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIMA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
black spruce

Image of Picea mariana

General Information
Symbol: PIMA
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Picea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ME. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MT. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 61. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PIMAM4 Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. var. mariana

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Picea A. Dietr. – spruce
Species Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. – black spruce

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Rhode Island black spruce Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FACW
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIMA)
Flora of North America (PIMA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIMA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIMA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIMA)
Native Plants Network (PIMA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIMA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PIMA)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIMA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Moderate High

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Picea

2. Picea mariana (Miller) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg, Prelim. Cat. 71. 1888.

Black spruce, épinette noire

Abies mariana Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Abies no. 5. 1768; Picea brevifolia Peck; P . mariana var. brevifolia (Peck) Rehder; P . nigra (Aiton) Link; Pinus nigra Aiton

Trees to 25m (often shrublike); trunk to 0.25m diam.; crown narrowly conic to spirelike. Bark gray-brown. Branches short and drooping, frequently layering; twigs not pendent, rather slender, yellow-brown, pubescent. Buds gray-brown, ca. 3mm, apex acute. Leaves 0.6--1.5(--2)cm, 4-angled in cross section, rigid, pale blue-green, glaucous, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex mostly blunt-tipped. Seed cones 1.5--2.5(--3.5)cm; scales fan-shaped, broadest near apex, 8--12 ´ 8--12mm, rigid, margin at apex irregularly toothed. 2 n =24.

Muskegs, bogs, bottomlands, dry peatlands; 0--1500m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Conn., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Pa., R.I., Vt., Wis.

To a limited extent, Picea mariana hybridizes with P . rubens , e.g., on disturbed sites in eastern Canada. Natural hybridization with P . glauca , though reported, remains unverified (A.G. Gordon 1976).

Because Picea mariana is a small tree, it has limited commercial value. Frequently it is harvested with P . glauca and used for pulp.

Black spruce ( Picea mariana ) is the provincial tree of Newfoundland.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Little, E. L. Jr. and S.S. Pauley. 1958. A natural hybrid between black and white spruce in Minnesota. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 60: 202--211. Morgenstern, E.K. and J.L. Farrar. 1964. Introgressive Hybridization in Red Spruce and Black Spruce. [Toronto.] [Univ. Toronto, Fac. Forest., Techn. Rep. 4.]

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Picea+mariana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Picea+mariana&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 16
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Picea mariana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 1335 3153 0216 0042 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 1335 3153 0216 0043 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2598 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2599 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2600 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1326 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1327 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1551 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1552 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 0000 1111 2222 1553 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0152 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0449 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0450 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0451 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 6666 6666 0213 0022 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences

Picea mariana
Picea mariana
Black Spruce
ID: 6666 6666 0213 0067 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences

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