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Picea rubens Sarg.
RED SPRUCE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Picea

Picea rubens, Red Spruce
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Picea rubens, Red Spruce

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Picea rubens, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, whole tree - general
Picea rubens, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Picea rubens, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, twig - showing attachment of needles
Picea rubens, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, leaf - entire needle

Picea rubens, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, bark - of a large tree
Picea rubens, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Picea rubens, cone - female - closed
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, cone - female - closed
Picea rubens, cone - female - closed
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea rubens, cone - female - closed

Picea rubens, Red Spruce
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 3
Picea rubens, Red Spruce

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (4)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca fabae @ III (2)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa empetri @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa ledi @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa ledicola @ BPI (3)

Chrysomyxa pyrolae @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa pyrolata @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa roanensis @ BPI (2)

Chrysomyxa weirii @ BPI (5)

Chrysomyxa @ BPI (3)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora suffocata @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium radiosum @ BPI (2)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium @ BPI (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces palmatus @ BPI (2)
Echinosteliaceae  Echinostelium minutum @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Fomitopsis rosea @ BPI (1)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete abnormis @ BPI (1)

Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (1)

Polystictus aurantiacus @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Marasmius androsaceus @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora piceina @ BPI (4)
Phacidiaceae  Phacidium infestans @ BPI (1)
Phanerochaetaceae  Phanerochaete carnosa @ BPI (2)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus petaloides @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Coriolus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (7)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (11)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (5)

Fomes subroseus @ BPI (2)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (16)

Phaeolus schweinitzii @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus anceps @ BPI (6)

Polyporus borealis @ BPI (4)

Polyporus cinnabarinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus ellisianus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus guttulatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus lapponicus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (3)

Polyporus tomentosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus versicolor @ BPI (1)

Poria aurea @ BPI (1)

Poria callosa @ BPI (1)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (2)

Poria hibernica @ BPI (1)

Poria oleagina @ BPI (2)

Poria taxicola @ BPI (2)

Poria @ BPI (1)

Trametes americana @ BPI (1)

Trametes odorata @ BPI (1)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (10)

Trametes subrosea @ BPI (1)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium filiforme @ BPI (1)

Propolis rhodoleuca @ BPI (1)
Stemonitidaceae  Comatricha solitaria @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurocystidiellum subcruentatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum chailletii @ BPI (2)

Stereum murrayi @ BPI (1)

Stereum radiatum @ BPI (2)

Stereum rugisporum @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (5)
Thelephoraceae  Tomentella rubiginosa @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Collybia maculata @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
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Following served from Iowa State University
   
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Following modified from US Forest Service
   
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/picea/rubens.htm

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIRU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIRU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PIRU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIRU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIRU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIRU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Picea rubens Sarg.
red spruce

Image of Picea rubens

General Information
Symbol: PIRU
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Picea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

C.A. Abell. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, NC, Pisgah National Forest. 1931. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ME. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, ME. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 61. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PIAU2 Picea australis Small

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Picea A. Dietr. – spruce
Species Picea rubens Sarg. – red spruce

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut red spruce Special Concern
New Jersey red spruce Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PIRU)
CalPhotos (PIRU)
Flora of North America (PIRU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIAU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PIRU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PIRU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PIRU)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PIRU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PIRU)
Related Websites
Canada-Official Plants of Nova Scotia (PIRU)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PIRU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Picea

3. Picea rubens Sargent, Silva. 12: 33, plate 597. 1898.

Red spruce, épinette rouge

Picea australis Small; P . nigra (Aiton) Link var. rubra (DuRoi) Engelmann; P . rubra (DuRoi) Link 1831, not A.Dietrich 1824

Trees to 40m; trunk to 1m diam.; crown narrowly conic. Bark gray-brown to reddish brown. Branches horizontally spreading; twigs not pendent, rather stout, yellow-brown, densely pubescent to glabrate. Buds reddish brown, 5--8mm, apex acute. Leaves 0.8--2.5(--3)cm, 4-angled in cross section, somewhat flexuous, yellow-green to dark green, not glaucous, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex mostly acute to sharp-pointed. Seed cones 2.3--4.5(--5)cm; scales broadly fan-shaped, broadest near apex, 8--12 ´ 8--12mm, stiff, margin at apex entire to irregularly toothed. 2 n =24.

Upper montane to subalpine forests; 0--2000m; St. Pierre and Miquelon; N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Conn., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Throughout the Appalachians, trees of Picea rubens are dying, possibly as a consequence of environmental pollution. In eastern Canada this species hybridizes to a limited extent with P . mariana (A.G. Gordon 1976).

Red spruce ( Picea rubens ) is the provincial tree of Nova Scotia.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Morgenstern, E.K. and J.L. Farrar. 1964. Introgressive Hybridization in Red Spruce and Black Spruce. [Toronto.] [Univ. Toronto, Fac. Forest., Techn. Rep. 4.]

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Picea+rubens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Picea+rubens&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Picea rubens%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Picea rubens
Picea rubens
Red Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2597 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Picea rubens
Picea rubens
Red Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 0508 1105 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Picea rubens
Picea rubens
Red Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0964 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Picea rubens
Picea rubens
Red Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0965 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Picea rubens
Picea rubens
Red Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 1216 0967 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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