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Picea sitchensis (Bong. ) Carrière
SITKA SPRUCE
Pinus menziesii (Douglas) Carrière; Pinus sitchensis Bong; Pinus sitkaensis Mayr ex Beissner

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Picea

Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree

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Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - general

Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk

Picea sitchensis, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, cone - female - mature open
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - view up trunk

Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree

Picea sitchensis, whole tree - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, whole tree - general
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree

Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, bark - of a large tree
Picea sitchensis, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, leaf - entire needle

Picea sitchensis, twig - showing attachment of needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, twig - showing attachment of needles
Picea sitchensis, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Picea sitchensis, twig - after fallen needles

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Achilidae  Cixidia fusiformis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cixidia septentrionalis @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Aphididae  Cinara ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Elatobium abietinum @ CSUC_TCN (1)
Atheliaceae  Tylospora asterophora @ BPI (1)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (3)
Bionectriaceae  Nectriella pironii @ BPI (1)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pauesia ( @ AMNH_PBI (9)
Ceratiomyxaceae  Ceratiomyxa fruticulosa @ BPI (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis distorta @ BPI (1)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli @ BPI (7)

Chrysomyxa ledicola @ BPI (22)

Chrysomyxa monesis @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa piperiana @ BPI (4)

Chrysomyxa pyrolae @ BPI (1)

Chrysomyxa @ BPI (2)
Corticiaceae  Corticium croceum @ BPI (1)

Corticium lividocoeruleum @ BPI (1)

Corticium lividum @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Peridermium decolorans @ BPI (1)

Peridermium parksianum @ BPI (2)

Peridermium @ BPI (3)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces palmatus @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Dermea livida @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe conorum @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis conorum @ BPI (2)
Exidiaceae  Exidia glandulosa @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Fomitopsis pinicola @ BPI (1)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma oregonense @ BPI (2)
Gloeophyllaceae  Gloeophyllum sepiarium @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Cistella parksii @ BPI (2)

Dasyscyphus latebrosus @ BPI (4)

Dasyscyphus resinarius @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus @ BPI (2)

Lachnellula chrysophthalma @ BPI (2)
Hymenochaetaceae  Hymenochaete tabacina @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Glonium strobilarum @ BPI (2)
Lygaeidae  Kleidocerys @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Lachnella resinaria @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius aureus @ BPI (1)

Merulius borealis @ BPI (1)

Merulius molluscus @ BPI (1)

Phlebia albida @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Dichrooscytus latifrons @ AMNH_ENT (17); AMNH_IZC (2); AMNH_PBI (3)

Dichrooscytus @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Orthops scutellatus @ AMNH_PBI (7)

Pinalitus rostratus @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Plagiognathus tumidifrons @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)
Paxillaceae  Paxillus panuoides @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora crassa @ BPI (1)

Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (2)

Peniophora globifera @ BPI (3)

Peniophora luna @ BPI (3)

Peniophora subsulphurea @ BPI (1)

Peniophora tabacina @ BPI (1)
Phymatidae  Lophoscutus lepidus @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Physciaceae  Acolium @ BPI (1)
Platygloeaceae  Helicobasidium purpureum @ BPI (2)
Pleurotaceae  Pleurotus @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes annosus @ BPI (4)

Fomes applanatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes carneus @ BPI (1)

Fomes nigrolimitatus @ BPI (3)

Fomes officinalis @ BPI (1)

Fomes pini @ BPI (4)

Fomes pinicola @ BPI (5)

Fomes roseus @ BPI (1)

Lentinus kauffmanii @ BPI (1)

Lentinus lepideus @ BPI (2)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (2)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (8)

Polyporus alboluteus @ BPI (4)

Polyporus amorphus @ BPI (3)

Polyporus benzoinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus berkeleyi @ BPI (1)

Polyporus borealis @ BPI (3)

Polyporus dealbatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus destructor @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus floriformis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus guttulatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (8)

Polyporus sulphureus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Poria callosa @ BPI (1)

Poria lenis @ BPI (3)

Poria micans @ BPI (1)

Poria monticola @ BPI (1)

Poria plicata @ BPI (2)

Poria sitchensis @ BPI (2)

Poria subacida @ BPI (6)

Poria vincta @ BPI (1)

Poria weirii @ BPI (1)

Poria xantha @ BPI (2)

Poria @ BPI (2)

Trametes heteromorpha @ BPI (2)

Trametes pini @ BPI (1)

Trametes serialis @ BPI (10)

Trametes variiformis @ BPI (1)

Trichaptum abietinum @ BPI (2)
Pseudococcidae  Phenacoccus eschscholtziae @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Pucciniastraceae  Melampsorella elatina @ BPI (1)
Reticulariaceae  Lycogala epidendrum @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium abietis @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium filiforme @ BPI (10)

Lophodermium piceae @ BPI (12)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium @ BPI (2)

Propolis leonis @ BPI (1)

Tryblidiopsis pinastri @ BPI (2)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (1)
Stemonitidaceae  Elaeomyxa cerifera @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Aleurocystidiellum subcruentatum @ BPI (3)

Aleurodiscus amorphus @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus penicillatus @ BPI (1)

Aleurodiscus weirii @ BPI (1)

Stereum abietinum @ BPI (7)

Stereum chailletii @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (7)

Stereum sulcatum @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis radiata @ BPI (2)
Strophariaceae  Pholiota astragalina @ BPI (1)

Pholiota @ BPI (6)
Tricholomataceae  Collybia acervata @ BPI (1)

Mycena lactea @ BPI (1)

Nothopanus porrigens @ BPI (2)
Xenasmataceae  Xenasma rallum @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Rosellinia aquila @ BPI (1)

Rosellinia thelena @ BPI (1)
_  Diedickea piceae @ BPI (4)

Grandinia aspera @ BPI (1)

Lophodermellina pinastri @ BPI (1)

Myxotrichella resinae @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia ansosa @ BPI (1)

Sirococcus piceicola @ BPI (1)

Sorocybe resinae @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (5)

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Following modified from The Gymnosperm Database
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://conifers.org/pi/Picea_sitchensis.php

Following served from Nawwal
   
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Following modified from US Forest Service
   
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/silvics_manual/Volume_1/picea/sitchensis.htm

Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/Psitchensis.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PISI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PISI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PISI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PISI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PISI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PISI
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière
Sitka spruce

Image of Picea sitchensis

General Information
Symbol: PISI
Group: Gymnosperm
Family: Pinaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Picea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, San Francisco, Golden Gate Park, Strybing Arboretum. October 1, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, CA, San Francisco, Golden Gate Park, Strybing Arboretum. October 1, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Turlo Creek. September 22, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Turlo Creek. September 22, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Stillaguamish River. October 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Stillaguamish River. October 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, WA, Stillaguamish River. October 4, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Susan McDougall. Trees Live Here . United States, OR. August 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Mary Clay Stensvold. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AK, S.E. region, Myriad Islands, Chichagof Island, west side, Leo Anchorage. Usage Requirements .

N.L. Gary. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OR, Douglas Co. 1919. Usage Requirements .

R.K. Helphenstine. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1918. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AK, Tongass National Forest. 1908. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OR. 1929. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OR. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Coniferophyta – Conifers
Class Pinopsida
Order Pinales
Family Pinaceae – Pine family
Genus Picea A. Dietr. – spruce
Species Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière – Sitka spruce

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (PISI)
CalPhotos (PISI)
Flora of North America (PISI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PISI)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PISI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PISI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PISI)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (PISI)
Related Websites
AK-State Plant (PISI)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (PISI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Moderate High

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 2 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Picea

7. Picea sitchensis (Bongard) Carrière, 260. 1855.

Sitka spruce, épinette de Sitka

Pinus sitchensis Bongard, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 164. 1832 (Aug.); Abies falcata Rafinesque; A . menziesii (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindley 1835, not Mirbel 1825; Picea falcata (Rafinesque) Suringar; P . menziesii (Douglas ex D. Don) Carrière; Pinus menziesii Douglas ex D. Don

Trees to 80m; trunk to 5m diam.; crown narrowly conic. Bark grayish brown to orange-brown. Branches somewhat drooping; twigs not pendent, rather stout, pinkish brown, glabrous. Buds reddish brown, 5--10mm, apex rounded. Leaves (1.2--)1.5--2.5(--3)cm, flattened or broadly triangular in cross section (abaxial surface rounded or slightly angular), rather rigid, blue-green to light yellow-green, abaxial surface darker green with stomatal bands very narrow or absent, adaxial surface glaucous with conspicuous stomatal bands separated by ridge, apex sharp-pointed. Seed cones 5--9(--10)cm; scales variable, elliptic to narrowly diamond-shaped, 15--22 ´ 12--16mm, rather rigid, margin at apex erose, apex extending 4--8mm beyond seed-wing impression. 2 n =24.

Pacific coastal forests; 0--900m; B.C.; Alaska, Calif., Oreg., Wash.

Picea sitchensis intergrades extensively with P . glauca in the river inlets of north coastal British Columbia and coastal Alaska. The name P . ´ lutzii Little is applied to hybrids between the two species (R.Daubenmire 1968).

Sitka spruce ( Picea sitchensis ) is the state tree of Alaska.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Daubenmire,R. 1968. Some geographic variations in Picea sitchensis and their ecologic interpretation. Canad. J. Bot. 46: 787--798.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Picea+sitchensis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Picea+sitchensis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 52
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Picea sitchensis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0037 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 8120 3181 4014 0091 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0036 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0026 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0025 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0028 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 8253 3202 3491 0076 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 8253 3202 3491 0077 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0027 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 7335 3182 4411 0023 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 0024 3291 2015 0027 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 9189 3301 3553 0035 [detail]
Robert Potts
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 8120 3181 4014 0090 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 8120 3181 4014 0088 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 0024 3291 1998 0132 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 0024 3291 1998 0126 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 8120 3181 4014 0089 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 0802 0399 [detail]
© 2002 Timothy D. Ives

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 1351 3151 4303 0066 [detail]
George G. Hawxhurst
© 2005 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 1351 3163 4285 0103 [detail]
George G. Hawxhurst
© 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
ID: 0000 0000 0716 1577 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 6666 6666 0109 0108 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 0209 0785 [detail]
© 2009 Todd A. Hamilton

Picea sitchensis
Picea sitchensis
Sitka Spruce
ID: 0000 0000 0412 0275 [detail]
© 2012 Daniel Passarini

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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