D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Polygonum pensylvanicum L.
PINKWEED
Persicaria pensylvanica; Pennsylvania smartweed; Pinkweed Pennsylvania Smartweed; Bigseed Lady′s Thumb; Purple Head; Glandular Percicary; Heart′s Ease; Swamp Persicary

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Polygonaceae   Polygonum

Polygonum pensylvanicum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Polygonum pensylvanicum

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Polygonum pensylvanicum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Polygonum pensylvanicum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Polygonum pensylvanicum

Polygonum pensylvanicum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweedleaf base lower
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 3
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweedleaf base lower

Polygonum pensylvanicum
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Polygonum pensylvanicum
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed, buds
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 2
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed, buds

Polygonum pensylvanicum, leaf and flower
© George Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, leaf and flower
Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed

Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed
Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed

Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, seed
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed, plant
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed, plant

Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed, leaf tip upper
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweed, leaf tip upper
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweedleaf base upper
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Polygonum pensylvanicum, Pennsylvania smartweedleaf base upper

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta polygonorum @ BPI (1)
Hyponectriaceae  Physalospora polygoni @ BPI (3)
Melanopsichiaceae  Melanopsichium austroamericanum @ BPI (28)

Melanopsichium pennsylvanicum @ BPI (12)

Melanopsichium @ BPI (1)
Microbotryaceae  Sphacelotheca hydropiperis @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora avicularis @ BPI (5)

Didymaria effusa @ BPI (2)

Septoria polygonicola @ BPI (6)

Septoria polygonorum @ BPI (57)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia phragmitis @ BPI (1)

Puccinia polygoni-amphibii @ BPI (14)

Puccinia polygoni @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis radiata @ BPI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago utriculosa @ BPI (141)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) M. Gómez ( Polygonum pensylvanicum ) Pennsylvania Smartweed
Polygonaceae — Smartweed family
Native
Persicaria pensylvanica
White Clay Creek State Park -- Big Pond area
September 2003 Persicaria pensylvanica
September 2003

Guide to Persicaria of Delaware

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://www.missouriplants.com/Pinkalt/Polygonum_pensylvanicum_page.html

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POPE2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POPE2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POPE2
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
PLANTS Home  about PLANTS  PLANTS Team  Partners of PLANTS  What  National Plant Data Team Web Site  Help using PLANTS  Contact PLANTS
 
 Search the PLANTS Web site
 Name Search

 State Search
 Advanced Search
 Search Help
PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
 Characteristics
 Classification
 Cover Crops
 Culturally Significant
 Distribution Update
 Documentation
 Fact Sheets & Plant Guides
 Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants
 Threatened & Endangered
 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
 Complete PLANTS Checklist
 State PLANTS Checklist
 Advanced Search Download
 Symbols for Unknown Plants
 NRCS State GSAT Lists
 NRCS State Plants Lists
 
Related tools
 
 Crop Nutrient Tool
 Ecological Site Information System
 PLANTS Identification Keys
 Plant Materials Web Site
 Plant Materials Publications
 USDA Plant Hardiness Map
 
 
You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Polygonum pensylvanicum L.
Pennsylvania smartweed

Image of Polygonum pensylvanicum

General Information
Symbol: POPE2
Group: Dicot
Family: Polygonaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Polygonum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, IA, Ames. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Arlington. Usage Requirements .

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, OK, Lake Texoma. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 667. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 667. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
PEBI4 Persicaria bicornis (Raf.) Nieuwl.
PELO7 Persicaria longistyla (Small) Small
PEMI9 Persicaria mississippiensis (Stanford) Small
PEPE19 Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) Small
PEPED Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) Small var. dura (Stanford) C.F. Reed
POBI11 Polygonum bicorne Raf.
POLO13 Polygonum longistylum Small
POLOO Polygonum longistylum Small var. omissum (Greene) Stanford
POME6 Polygonum mexicanum auct. non Small
POMI10 Polygonum mississippiense Stanford
POMII Polygonum mississippiense Stanford var. interius
POPED Polygonum pensylvanicum L. var. durum Stanford
POPEE Polygonum pensylvanicum L. var. eglandulosum J.C. Myers
POPEG Polygonum pensylvanicum L. var. genuinum Fernald
POPEL2 Polygonum pensylvanicum L. var. laevigatum Fernald
POPER3 Polygonum pensylvanicum L. var. rosiflorum J.B.S. Norton

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Polygonales
Family Polygonaceae – Buckwheat family
Genus Polygonum L. – knotweed
Species Polygonum pensylvanicum L. – Pennsylvania smartweed

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Polygonum pensylvanicum Pennsylvania knotweed Pennsylvania smartweed pinweed This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Synonyms

PEPE19   Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) Small

North America
Arid West FACW
Alaska FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Great Plains FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW
Midwest FACW

PEBI4   Persicaria bicornis (Raf.) Nieuwl.

North America
Arid West FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW
Great Plains FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Midwest FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (POPE2)
CalPhotos (POPE2)
Flora of North America (POPE2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PEBI4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PELO7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PEMI9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PEPE19)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PEPED)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POBI11)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POLO13)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POLOO)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POME6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POMI10)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POMII)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPE2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPED)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPEE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPEG)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPEL2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPER3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (POPE2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (POPE2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POPE2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (POPE2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (POPE2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (POPE2)
Related Websites
Virginia Tech: abstract & image (POPE2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Everitt

Sources

Everitt, J.H., D.L. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. 1999. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife . Texas Tech University Press. Lubbock.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Updated: 2020-06-05 03:15:59 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation