The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Body deep, ovate, and laterally compressed; body depth 2.6 to 2.8 times in standard length. Anterior profile slightly asymmetrical, tip of protruding lower jaw usually above midline of body. Small teeth on dentaries, vomer, palatines, and premaxillaries. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 24 to 26. Dorsal fin with X spines and 13 to 15 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 13 to 16 soft rays; caudal fin with concave margin, slightly emarginate to lunate. Pored lateral-line scales 75 to 80. Body, head, and iris of eye reddish; sometimes silvery white with pattern of broad reddish bars on head and body; row of small dark spots sometimes evident along lateral line; fins red to light pink, with light dusky to nearly black in dorsal-, anal-, and caudal-fin membranes; fins occasionally with yellow.
Uncommon species found in outer reef slopes and deep lagoon pinnacles from 8 to at least 80 m. In small aggregations, sometimes schools in oceanic locations. Feeds on small fish, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates.
Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and southern Africa to southern Japan and northern Australia and through the central Pacific to French Polynesia. Reported from Easter Island. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters; Lyudao, southeastern Taiw
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Uncommon species found in outer reef slopes and deep lagoon pinnacles from 8 to at least 80 m. In small aggregations, sometimes schools in oceanic locations (Ref.
). Also found under ledges or hovering next to coral heads during day (Ref 90102). Feeds on small fish, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates (Ref.
). Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 19.1 - 28.2, mean 26.2 (based on 1065 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01243 - 0.02545), b=2.87 (2.77 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.5-0.7; Fec=13,133).
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Capuli, Estelita Emily
Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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