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Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskal, 1775)
Black-spot Big-eye; Crescent-tail Big-eye; Crescent-tail Bigeye; Crescent-tailed Bigeye; Lunar-tailed Bigeye; Lunar-tailed Glasseye; Moontail Bullseye; Anthias macrophthalmus Bloch, 1792; Sciaena hamrur Forsskal, 1775; Moontail Bigeye

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Priacanthidae   Priacanthus

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/33db413a-0775-4a6b-8b12-0527a06a629b/ ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/33db413a-0775-4a6b-8b12-0527a06a629b/
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Priacanthidae  
 Genus Priacanthus  
  Priacanthus hamrur    (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Anthias macrophthalmus Boops asper Priacanthus alalaua Priacanthus dubius Priacanthus fax Priacanthus hamrua Priacanthus hamrus Priacanthus hanirur Priacanthus longipinnis Priacanthus schlegelii Priacanthus speculum details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Character: Body deep, ovate, and laterally compressed; body depth 2.6 to 2.8 times in standard length. Anterior profile slightly asymmetrical, tip of protruding lower jaw usually above midline of body. Small teeth on dentaries, vomer, palatines, and premaxillaries. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 24 to 26. Dorsal fin with X spines and 13 to 15 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 13 to 16 soft rays; caudal fin with concave margin, slightly emarginate to lunate. Pored lateral-line scales 75 to 80. Body, head, and iris of eye reddish; sometimes silvery white with pattern of broad reddish bars on head and body; row of small dark spots sometimes evident along lateral line; fins red to light pink, with light dusky to nearly black in dorsal-, anal-, and caudal-fin membranes; fins occasionally with yellow. 
Habitat: Uncommon species found in outer reef slopes and deep lagoon pinnacles from 8 to at least 80 m. In small aggregations, sometimes schools in oceanic locations. Feeds on small fish, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates. 
Distribution: Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea and southern Africa to southern Japan and northern Australia and through the central Pacific to French Polynesia. Reported from Easter Island. It is found in southern Taiwanese waters; Lyudao, southeastern Taiw 
Utility: Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried. 
Name Code: 382413
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Priacanthus+hamrur&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Priacanthus+hamrur&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Priacanthus hamrur%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

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Priacanthus hamrur
Priacanthus hamrur
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0341 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   

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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Priacanthus&speciesname=hamrur ---> http://www.fishbase.se/summary/Priacanthus-hamrur.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Priacanthus hamrur   (Forsskål, 1775)

Moontail bullseye Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range
Reviewed map
Priacanthus hamrur   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Priacanthus hamrur (Moontail bullseye) Priacanthus hamrur
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Priacanthidae (Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Priacanthus: Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 250 m (Ref. 9710 ).   Tropical; 36°N - 36°S, 24°E - 109°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and southern Africa to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to Australia. Reported from Easter Island (Ref. 33390 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 22.0   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4328 ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-15; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 13 - 16. Red in color with 15 small dark spots along lateral line; median and pelvic fins dusky red; black spot at base of first 3 pelvic rays (Ref. 2334 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Uncommon species found in outer reef slopes and deep lagoon pinnacles from 8 to at least 80 m. In small aggregations, sometimes schools in oceanic locations (Ref. 48635 ). Also found under ledges or hovering next to coral heads during day (Ref 90102). Feeds on small fish, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates (Ref. 5213 ). Generally marketed fresh, may be salted or dried (Ref. 5284 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Starnes, W.C. , 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
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Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 19.1 - 28.2, mean 26.2 (based on 1065 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.01243 - 0.02545), b=2.87 (2.77 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.5-0.7; Fec=13,133). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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