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Pyrola minor L.
COMMON WINTERGREEN
Snowline wintergreen

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Pyrolaceae   Pyrola

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

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Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pyrola minor

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Coleosporiaceae  Chrysomyxa pyrolae @ BPI (23)

Chrysomyxa pyrolata @ BPI (5)
Pucciniastraceae  Pucciniastrum pirolae @ BPI (10)

Pucciniastrum pyrolae @ BPI (1)
_  Thekopsora pyrolae @ BPI (9)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PYMI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PYMI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PYMI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PYMI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PYMI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PYMI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Pyrola minor L.
snowline wintergreen

Image of Pyrola minor

General Information
Symbol: PYMI
Group: Dicot
Family: Pyrolaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Subshrub
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
GL   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Pyrola thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Canada, Bruce Peninsula. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 670. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BRMI8 Braxilia minor (L.) House
ERMI9 Erxlebenia minor (L.) Rydb.
PYMIP Pyrola minor L. var. parviflora B. Boivin

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Ericales
Family Pyrolaceae – Shinleaf family
Genus Pyrola L. – wintergreen
Species Pyrola minor L. – snowline wintergreen

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine lesser wintergreen Special Concern
New York mountain pyrola Endangered
Vermont lesser pyrola Endangered
Wisconsin lesser wintergreen Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FACU
Great Plains FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (PYMI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRMI8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ERMI9)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PYMI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PYMIP)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (PYMI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PYMI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PYMI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 378, 379, 382, 383 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Pyrola

6. Pyrola minor Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 396. 1753.

Snow-line or lesser wintergreen

Plants rhizomatous, (0.6-)1.2-2.1(-3) dm. Leaves: petiole 2-32 mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade not maculate, dull and light green abaxially, dull to shiny and green to dark green adaxially, oblong-elliptic, ovate, obovate, or round, (5-)20-30(-42) × (7-)14-27 mm, subcoriaceous, base rounded to subcordate, margins crenulate to crenulate-serrulate, apex obtuse or rounded. Inflorescences 1 per stem, 3-11(-17)-flowered; peduncular bracts absent or 1-2, lanceolate to ovate or obovate, 4-6.5 × 0.7-2 mm, chartaceous or membranous, margins entire or obscurely erose-denticulate; inflorescence bracts lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, equaling or longer than subtended pedicels, (3-)4-5 (-7.3) × 0.5-1.4 mm, chartaceous. Pedicels 2.5-4.5 mm. Flowers radially symmetric; calyx lobes appressed or spreading in fruit, green or pink with margins hyaline to white or pinkish, deltate, 1.3-1.8 × 1.3-1.8 mm, margins entire or erose-denticulate, especially distally, apices acute to obtuse or, rarely, acuminate; petals white or pink, obovate to broadly elliptic, (3-)3.3-5 × 2.6-3.8 mm, margins entire; stamens 2.2-3.5 mm; filament base 0.1-0.4 mm wide; anthers 0.8-1.4 mm, apiculations absent or less than 0.1 mm, thecae creamy white to greenish white, often yellowish brown distally, tubules absent, pores 0.1-0.3 × 0.05-0.1 mm; ovary smooth; style included, straight, (0.5-)0.8-1.5(-1.8) mm; stigma 0.9-1.3 mm wide, lobes spreading. Capsules depressed-globose, 3-4 × 4.5-5.4 mm. 2 n = 46.

Flowering Jun-Aug. Moist, often mossy sites in coniferous and boreal forests, thickets, stream banks; 10-3700 m; Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Mex., N.Y., Oreg., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.; Eurasia.

Pyrola minor and P. asarifolia are broadly sympatric in North America. Scattered hybrids between these species have been reported, mostly from the area of sympatry (E. Haber 1984). Haber (1993) found herbarium evidence for at least one case of hybridization between P. minor and P. chlorantha . T. W. Böcher (1961) discussed hybrids between P. minor and P. grandiflora from western Greenland.

The straight style and actinomorphic corolla of Pyrola minor have been interpreted as paedomorphic conditions (J. V. Freudenstein 1999b). Among three northern European species of Pyrola studied by J. T. Knudsen and J. M. Olesen (1993), the shifts in floral morphology in P. minor were found to be associated with a significantly higher capacity for self-pollination.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pyrola+minor&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Pyrola+minor&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 28
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Pyrola minor%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Wintergreen
ID: 8266 3261 2557 0012 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Snowline Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 1003 0138 [detail]
© 2003 Dianne Fristrom

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Snowline Shinleaf
ID: 0000 0000 0309 0505 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Snowline Shinleaf
ID: 0000 0000 0309 0506 [detail]
© 2009 Keir Morse

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0802 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0803 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0804 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0805 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0806 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0807 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 0709 0808 [detail]
© 2009 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
ID: 0000 0000 0910 2158 [detail]
© 2010 Steve Matson

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
ID: 0000 0000 0910 2159 [detail]
© 2010 Steve Matson

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 1210 1624 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 1210 1625 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Winter-green
ID: 0000 0000 1210 1626 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1145 [detail]
© 2014 John Doyen

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1146 [detail]
© 2014 John Doyen

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Common Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1147 [detail]
© 2014 John Doyen

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Snowline Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0814 0743 [detail]
© 2014 Steven Perry

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Snowline Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0814 0744 [detail]
© 2014 Steven Perry

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Snowline Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0814 0745 [detail]
© 2014 Steven Perry

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Lesser Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0914 2133 [detail]
© 2014 Barry Breckling

Pyrola minor
Pyrola minor
Lesser Wintergreen
ID: 0000 0000 0914 2134 [detail]
© 2014 Barry Breckling

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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