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Quercus falcata Michx.
SOUTHERN RED OAK
Cherry Bark Oak

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata, Southern Red Oak

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Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus falcata

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Myzocallis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU (1)

Sarucallis kahawaluokalani @ NCSU (3)

Stegophylla quercicola @ NCSU (9)

Stegophylla quercina @ NCSU (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta osteospora @ BPI (1)
Brigantiaeaceae  Brigantiaea leucoxantha @ GAL (2)
Candelariaceae  Candelaria concolor @ GAL (1)
Cercopidae  Lepyronia quadrangularis @ NCSU (2)
Chaetomiaceae  Chaetomidium heterotrichum @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Alebra aurea @ MEMU_ENT (12)

Alebra @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (2)

Eratoneura acantha @ III (124)

Eratoneura accola @ III (1)

Eratoneura adunca @ III (106)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (2)

Eratoneura alloplana @ III (7)

Eratoneura anseri @ III (1)

Eratoneura arenosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura arta @ III (1)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (2)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (3)

Eratoneura brevipes @ III (6)

Eratoneura calamitosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura campora @ III (3)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (6)

Eratoneura clavipes @ III (1)

Eratoneura curta @ III (4)

Eratoneura dumosa @ III (1)

Eratoneura ellisi @ III (1)

Eratoneura emquu @ III (1)

Eratoneura era @ III (1)

Eratoneura externa @ III (1)

Eratoneura firma @ III (2)

Eratoneura forfex @ III (2)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (8)

Eratoneura gemoides @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ AMNH_IZC (2); III (67)

Eratoneura gillettei @ III (1)

Eratoneura igella @ III (3)

Eratoneura knullae @ III (3)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura longa @ AMNH_IZC (1); III (212)

Eratoneura lunata @ III (1)

Eratoneura maga @ III (37)

Eratoneura manus @ III (1)

Eratoneura marilandicae @ III (3)

Eratoneura metopia @ III (1)

Eratoneura millsi @ III (15)

Eratoneura noncuspidis @ III (1)

Eratoneura osborni @ III (1)

Eratoneura pamelae @ III (7)

Eratoneura parva @ III (7)

Eratoneura patris @ III (10)

Eratoneura penesica @ III (3)

Eratoneura propria @ III (2)

Eratoneura restricta @ III (2)

Eratoneura richardsi @ III (1)

Eratoneura staminea @ III (34)

Eratoneura stoveri @ III (3)

Eratoneura tammina @ III (6)

Eratoneura turgida @ III (1)

Eratoneura uncinata @ III (1)

Eratoneura ungulata @ III (2)

Eratoneura unica @ III (1)

Eratoneura usitata @ III (1)

Eratoneura valida @ III (1)

Erythridula clavata @ III (1)

Erythridula cuneata @ III (1)

Erythridula mansueta @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (2)

Erythridula tenuispica @ III (2)

Erythridula ulmalatae @ III (2)

Erythridula volucris @ III (1)

Erythroneura bistrata @ III (3)

Erythroneura calycula @ III (2)

Erythroneura corni @ III (4)

Erythroneura cymbium @ III (1)

Erythroneura diva @ III (1)

Graphocephala coccinea @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Idiocerus ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Scaphytopius ( @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Coccocarpiaceae  Coccocarpia erythroxyli @ GAL (1)

Coccocarpia palmicola @ GAL (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (2)

Cronartium quercus @ BPI (2)
Cryphonectriaceae  Endothia fluens @ BPI (1)

Endothia gyrosa @ BPI (9)
Derbidae  Anotia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Cedusa @ MEMU_ENT (5)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (4)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype @ BPI (1)
Elsinoaceae  Elsinoe quercus-falcatae @ BPI (7)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe abbreviata @ BPI (1)

Microsphaera quercina @ BPI (3)

Phyllactinia angulata @ BPI (1)
Flatidae  Ormenis chloris @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma lucidum @ BPI (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora hybocarpa @ GAL (2)
Lobariaceae  Sticta carolinensis @ GAL (1)
Meliolaceae  Irenopsis quercifolia @ BPI (1)
Membracidae  Atymna querci @ UDCC_TCN (3)

Cyrtolobus arcuatus @ NCSU (81); UDCC_TCN (102)

Cyrtolobus auroreus @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Cyrtolobus clarus @ UDCC_TCN (7)

Cyrtolobus discoidalis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus dixianus @ NCSU (2)

Cyrtolobus fenestratus @ NCSU (43); UDCC_TCN (30)

Cyrtolobus fuliginosus @ NCSU (299); UDCC_TCN (322)

Cyrtolobus funkhouseri @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Cyrtolobus inermis @ NCSU (2)

Cyrtolobus maculifrontis @ UDCC_TCN (27); NCSU (13)

Cyrtolobus ovatus @ UDCC_TCN (6)

Cyrtolobus togatus @ UDCC_TCN (4); NCSU (2)

Cyrtolobus tuberosus @ UDCC_TCN (5); NCSU (1)

Glossonotus acuminatus @ UDCC_TCN (9); NCSU (5)

Glossonotus univittatus @ NCSU (1)

Ophiderma definita @ UDCC_TCN (11); NCSU (11)

Ophiderma evelyna @ NCSU (93); UDCC_TCN (76)

Ophiderma flavicephala @ NCSU (9); UDCC_TCN (18)

Ophiderma grisea @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Ophiderma pubescens @ NCSU (59); UDCC_TCN (69)

Ophiderma salamandra @ NCSU (13); UDCC_TCN (26)

Platycotis vittata @ UDCC_TCN (17); NCSU (49)

Smilia camelus @ NCSU (64); UDCC_TCN (142)

Smilia fasciata @ UDCC_TCN (15); NCSU (26)

Spissistilus festinus @ NCSU (1)

Stictocephala brevitylus @ UDCC_TCN (9)

Stictocephala lutea @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Telamona decorata @ NCSU (3)

Telamona monticola @ NCSU (18); UDCC_TCN (1)

Xantholobus muticus @ NCSU (1); UDCC_TCN (2)
Miridae  Hyaliodes vitripennis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycoblastaceae  Tephromela atra @ GAL (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Ramularia crypta @ BPI (1)

Septoria dryina @ BPI (1)
Pannariaceae  Fuscopannaria leucosticta @ GAL (1)

Pannaria lurida @ GAL (1)

Pannaria tavaresii @ GAL (1)
Parmeliaceae  Canoparmelia caroliniana @ GAL (1)

Flavoparmelia caperata @ GAL (2)

Hypotrachyna livida @ GAL (5)

Parmotrema perforatum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema praesorediosum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema reticulatum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema subisidiosum @ GAL (1)

Punctelia rudecta @ GAL (2)

Usnea strigosa @ GAL (1)
Pertusariaceae  Pertusaria copiosa @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria sinusmexicani @ GAL (1)

Pertusaria tetrathalamia @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Buellia stillingiana @ GAL (3)

Heterodermia albicans @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia obscurata @ GAL (2)

Phaeophyscia rubropulchra @ GAL (1)

Physcia atrostriata @ GAL (1)

Physcia millegrana @ GAL (3)

Physcia pumilior @ GAL (3)

Physcia sorediosa @ GAL (2)

Pyxine subcinerea @ GAL (5)

Rinodina @ GAL (1)
Polyporaceae  Fomes everhartii @ BPI (1)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula pseudobufonia @ GAL (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum complicatum @ BPI (1)

Stereum ostrea @ BPI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina caerulescens @ BPI (11)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon atropunctatum @ BPI (1)
_  Gnomoniopsis clavulata @ BPI (3)

Mucronoporus everhartii @ BPI (1)

Pyropolyporus everhartii @ BPI (1)

Valsaria @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from US Forest Service
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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUFA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUFA
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Quercus falcata Michx.
southern red oak

Image of Quercus falcata

General Information
Symbol: QUFA
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
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image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Quercus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Norman Melvin. Provided by USDA NRCS National Wetland Team (NWT) . USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . Northeast National Technical Center, Chester. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL, Ocala National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

C. Tillotson. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA, LaSalle Parish, Urania. Usage Requirements .

Daniel O. Todd. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AL, Bankhead National Forest. 1951. Usage Requirements .

R.K. Winters. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA. 1932. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 619. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
QUFAT Quercus falcata Michx. var. triloba (Michx.) Nutt.
QUTR3 Quercus triloba Michx.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – oak
Species Quercus falcata Michx. – southern red oak

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Ohio Spanish oak Threatened
Pennsylvania southern red oak Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (QUFA)
CalPhotos (QUFA)
Flora of North America (QUFA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUFA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUFAT)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUTR3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (QUFA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (QUFA)
Native Plants Network (QUFA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (QUFA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (QUFA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (QUFA)
Related Websites
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (QUFA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fagaceae | Quercus

20. Quercus falcata Michaux, no. 16, plate 28. 1801.

Southern red oak, Spanish oak, chêne rouge

Quercus digitata Sudworth; Q . falcata Michaux var. triloba (Michaux) Nuttall

Trees , deciduous, to 30 m. Bark dark brown to black, narrowly fissured with scaly ridges, inner bark orange. Twigs reddish brown, (1-)1.5-3.5(-4.5) mm diam., pubescent. Terminal buds light reddish brown, ovoid, 4-8 mm, puberulent throughout. Leaves: petiole 20-60 mm, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic or obovate, 100-300 × 60-160 mm, base rounded or U-shaped, margins with 3-7 deep lobes and 6-20 awns, terminal lobe often long-acuminate, much longer than lateral lobes, apex acute; surfaces abaxially sparsely to uniformly tawny-pubescent, adaxially glossy and glabrous or puberulent along midrib, secondary veins raised on both surfaces. Acorns biennial; cup saucer-shaped to cup-shaped, 3-7 mm high × 9-18 mm wide, covering 1/3-1/2 nut, outer surface puberulent, inner surface pubescent, scale tips tightly appressed, acute; nut subglobose, 9-16 × 8-15 mm, often striate, puberulent, scar diam. 5-10 mm.

Flowering spring. Dry or sandy upland sites; 0-800 m; Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Native Americans used Quercus falcata in various ways to treat indigestion, chronic dysentery, sores, chapped skin, chills and fevers, lost voice, asthma, milky urine, and as an antiseptic, a tonic, and an emetic (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Quercus falcata reportedly hybridizes with Q . ilicifolia (= Q . × caesariensis Moldenke), Q . imbricaria , Q . incana , Q . laevis , Q . laurifolia (= Q . × beaumontiana Sargent), and Q . marilandica (E. J. Palmer 1948); with Q . nigra , and Q . pagoda (S. A. Ware 1967; R. J. Jensen 1989); and with Q . phellos , Q . shumardii , Q . hemisphaerica , and Q . velutina .

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+falcata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Quercus+falcata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Quercus falcata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

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Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata
Southern Red Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0367 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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