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Ranunculus abortivus L.
LITTLELEAF BUTTERCUP
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Ranunculus

Ranunculus abortivus, Aborted Buttercup
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ranunculus abortivus, Aborted Buttercup

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Ranunculus abortivus, Aborted Buttercup
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ranunculus abortivus, Aborted Buttercup
Ranunculus abortivus, Kidney-leaved Buttercup
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ranunculus abortivus, Kidney-leaved Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus, Aborted Buttercup
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Ranunculus abortivus, Aborted Buttercup
Ranunculus abortivus, Kidney-leaved Buttercup
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Ranunculus abortivus, Kidney-leaved Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus
Ranunculus abortivus
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus

Ranunculus abortivus, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Ranunculus abortivus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, whole plant - in flower - general view

Ranunculus abortivus, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Ranunculus abortivus, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, leaf - on upper stem

Ranunculus abortivus, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, stem - showing leaf bases
Ranunculus abortivus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, whole plant - in flower - general view

Ranunculus abortivus, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Ranunculus abortivus, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ranunculus abortivus, stem - showing leaf bases

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena mandibularis @ BBSL (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe communis @ BPI (7)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (35)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora ranunculi @ BPI (1)

Ramularia aequivoca @ BPI (8)

Ramularia gibba @ BPI (1)

Septocylindrium ranunculi @ BPI (6)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora ficariae @ BPI (3)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia eatoniae @ BPI (77)

Puccinia myosotidis @ BPI (9)

Puccinia recondita @ BPI (3)

Puccinia rubigo-vera @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis preussii @ BPI (1)

Botrytis vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium aureum @ BPI (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium ranunculi @ BPI (7)
_  Ascochyta infuscata @ BPI (5)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Ranunculus abortivus L. Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Ranunculaceae — Buttercup family
Native
Ranunculus abortivus
The kidney-shaped basal leaves are visible in the bottom left corner of this photo. Middle Run Valley Natural Area
April 2008 Ranunculus abortivus
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2001

Search Google Delaware USDA

Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Ranunculus abortivus L.

Ranunculus abortivus plant

Family - Ranunculaceae

Stems - Herbaceous, from fibrous roots, multiple from base, branching, glabrous, to +50cm tall but typically shorter, erect.

Ranunculus abortivus stem Node of stem.

Leaves - Basal leaves petiolate, un-lobed to lobed. Petiole to 15cm long, pubescent adaxially, petiole reduced on lobed basal leaves. Blade of un-lobed leaves reniform, crenate, to 5cm long, 6cm broad, glabrous, ciliate at basal margin. Lobed basal leaves with typically three lobes, the lobes crenate.
Cauline leaves sessile to short petiolate, 3-lobed (occasionally each lobe divided again). Lobes linear to oblanceolate, entire to crenate, glabrous.

Ranunculus abortivus basals Basal rosette.

Ranunculus abortivus basals Basal leaves.

Ranunculus abortivus leaves Cauline leaves.

Inflorescence - Single terminal flowers on long peduncle. Peduncle to +9cm long, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals 5, yellow, lanceolate, 3mm long, 1.5mm broad, glabrous. Stamens +20, from base of pistils. Filaments yellow, -1mm long. Anthers yellow. Pistils many, forming a globose head to +/-5mm long (tall), +/-4mm in diameter. Sepals 5, spreading to reflexed, oval to elliptic, cupped, green with scarious margins, 3-4mm long, 2.2mm broad, glabrous or with a few straight hairs. Achenes glabrous, -2mm long when mature, slightly compressed, with minute beak to .1mm long.

Ranunculus abortivus flower Flower close-up.

Ranunculus abortivus calyx Calyx close-up.

Ranunculus abortivus fruits Fruits close-up.

Flowering - March - June.

Habitat - Slopes, streambanks, woods, ravines, ditches, waste ground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a very common plant in the state and one of the first signs that spring is truly arriving. This species and other woodland species are typically the first plants to bloom in spring. The flowers are very small but easy to spot against the dark woodland floor.The plant can be found in moist areas of the habitats mentioned above.

Photographs taken off Northwood Rd, Platte County, MO., 3-28-00, in Brown Summit, NC., 3-14-03, and off Lee Rd 54, Auburn, AL., 3-3-05.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RAAB ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RAAB
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RAAB ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RAAB
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RAAB ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RAAB
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ranunculus abortivus L.
littleleaf buttercup

Image of Ranunculus abortivus

General Information
Symbol: RAAB
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Biennial
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ranunculus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. July 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. July 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. July 18, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Lawrence S. Gilliam. United States, NC, Guilford Col, moist woods. April 7, 2004. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 110. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
RAABA Ranunculus abortivus L. ssp. acrolasius (Fernald) Kapoor & Á. Löve & D. Löve
RAABA3 Ranunculus abortivus L. var. acrolasius Fernald
RAABE Ranunculus abortivus L. var. eucyclus Fernald
RAABI Ranunculus abortivus L. var. indivisus Fernald
RAABT Ranunculus abortivus L. var. typicus Fernald

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Ranunculus L. – buttercup
Species Ranunculus abortivus L. – littleleaf buttercup

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Ranunculus abortivus early woodbuttercup smallflower buttercup smallflower crowfoot This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RAAB)
CalPhotos (RAAB)
Flora of North America (RAAB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAAB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAABA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAABA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAABE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAABI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RAABT)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (RAAB)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (RAAB)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (RAAB)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (RAAB)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (RAAB)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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