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Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Pursh) H. Wendl. & Drude ex Drude
NEEDLE PALM
Needle-Palm

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Arecaceae   Rhapidophyllum

Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

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Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Rhapidophyllum hystrix, Needle Palm, fruit
© Graham Wyatt, 2009-2010 · 1
Rhapidophyllum hystrix, Needle Palm, fruit

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Meliolaceae  Meliola palmicola @ BPI (4)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHHY ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHHY
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHHY ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHHY
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHHY ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHHY
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Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Pursh) H. Wendl. & Drude ex Drude
needle palm

Image of Rhapidophyllum hystrix

General Information
Symbol: RHHY
Group: Monocot
Family: Arecaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rhapidophyllum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. June 27, 2003. Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Arecidae
Order Arecales
Family Arecaceae ⁄ Palmae – Palm family
Genus Rhapidophyllum H. Wendl. & Drude ex Drude – rhapidophyllum
Species Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Pursh) H. Wendl. & Drude ex Drude – needle palm

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida needle palm Commercially Exploited

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (RHHY)
Flora of North America (RHHY)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RHHY)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (RHHY)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (RHHY)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Arecaceae | Rhapidophyllum

1. Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Pursh) H. Wendland & Drude, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin). 34: 803. 1876.

Needle palm, palmier a aiguilles

Chamaerops hystrix Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 240. 1814; Sabal hystrix (Pursh) Nuttall; Rhapis caroliniana Hort ex Kunth; Sabal hystrix (Pursh) Nuttall

Stems erect or procumbent, short, 1--7 dm, caespitose shoots often present. Leaves less than 70 cm wide; leaf sheath bearing stout emergent spinelike fibers, ca. 50 cm. Flowers yellowish. Fruits brown, ellipsoid, length ca. 2 cm, diam. 1.5 cm. 2n = 36.

Flowering spring. Rich soil over limestone in shady mesic to wet woodlands, and along banks of ravines and streams; 20--100 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., Miss., S.C.

The palm usually grows prodecumbently with adventitious roots emerging from the trunk where it contacts moist soil (A. G. Shuey and R. P. Wunderlin 1977). In the wild, Rhapidophyllum forms suckers along its stem, and it is thatis vegetative reproduction, more than seedling reproduction, that maintains most populations (K. E. Clancy and M. J. Sullivan 1988).

Flowers are protandrous and most likely to be pollinated by a species of Notolomus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The evil-smelling and curiously hirsute fruits are taken by black bears (D. S. Maehr and J. R. Brady 1984) and other mammals (A. G. Shuey and R. P. Wunderlin 1977).

Updated: 2018-09-23 20:45:23 gmt
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