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Rhodiola integrifolia . Raf
LEDGE STONECROP
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Crassulaceae   Rhodiola


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHIN11 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHIN11
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHIN11 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHIN11
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHIN11 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=RHIN11
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Rhodiola integrifolia Raf.
ledge stonecrop

Image of Rhodiola integrifolia

General Information
Symbol: RHIN11
Group: Dicot
Family: Crassulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rhodiola thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rosales
Family Crassulaceae – Stonecrop family
Genus Rhodiola L. – stonecrop
Species Rhodiola integrifolia Raf. – ledge stonecrop

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 4 subspecies of Rhodiola integrifolia . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Rhodiola integrifolia</i>
Raf. ssp. <i>
integrifolia </i>
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
ledge stonecrop Distribution of <i>
Rhodiola integrifolia</i>
Raf. ssp. <i>
leedyi</i>
(Rosend. & J.W. Moore) Kartesz
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi
Leedy's stonecrop Distribution of <i>
Rhodiola integrifolia</i>
Raf. ssp. <i>
neomexicana</i>
(Britton) Kartesz
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. neomexicana
New Mexican stonecrop Distribution of <i>
Rhodiola integrifolia</i>
Raf. ssp. <i>
procera</i>
(R.T. Clausen) Kartesz
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. procera
ledge stonecrop

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FAC
Arid West FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
CalPhotos (RHIN11)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (RHIN11)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (RHIN11)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (RHIN11)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 164, 165 , 166 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Crassulaceae | Rhodiola

2. Rhodiola integrifolia Rafinesque, Atlantic J. 1: 146. 1832.

Western roseroot, king's crown

Rhodiola rosea Linnaeus subsp. integrifolia (Rafinesque) H. Hara; R. rosea var. integrifolia (Rafinesque) Jepson; Sedum integrifolium (Rafinesque) A. Nelson; S. rosea (Linnaeus) Scopoli var. integrifolium (Rafinesque) A. Berger; Tolmachevia integrifolia (Rafinesque) Á. Löve & D. Löve

Plants dioecious or polygamodioecious. Rootstock erect or spreading, to 1-5 cm diam. Floral stems deciduous, 3-50 × 0.1-0.7 cm. Leaf blades usually bright green, sometimes glaucous, elliptic to ovate or oblanceolate to linear, 0.5-5.5 × 0.2-1.5(-2) cm, margins entire or toothed, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescences corymbose cymes, dense, to 250-flowered, to 8 cm diam. Pedicels ca. 2 mm. Flowers mostly unisexual, 4-5-merous; sepals lanceolate to ovate, 1.5-3 mm; petals mostly dark red, sometimes yellowish at base or yellow with apical 1/3 red, elliptic-oblong, 1.5-5 mm, shorter than stamens, in staminate flowers spreading, hooded, 1.3-1.7 mm wide, in pistillate erect. Follicles 4-9 mm, beaks spreading. Seeds winged, pyriform or oblanceoloid, 1.1-2.8 mm. 2 n = 36.

Subspecies 3+ (3 in the flora): e, w North America, Asia.

The plants treated here as Rhodiola integrifolia and R. rosea are part of a difficult polymorphic complex of arctic to cool-temperate North America and Eurasia and of high mountains southward. Some authors have included them all in R. rosea [or Sedum rosea (Linnaeus) Scopoli], often with subspecies or varieties; N. L. Britton and J. N. Rose (1905) earlier divided them into two to several species.

For this complex C. H. Uhl (1952) cited six published chromosome counts from Greenland through Eurasia to Japan, all n = 11 or 2 n = 22; he found the same numbers in seven collections from northeastern North America (all these Rhodiola rosea proper). From Eurasia, according to R. L. Taylor and G. A. Mulligan (1968), races with 2 n = 16 and 33 also are known. On the other hand, for endemics in Minnesota and New York and for five plants from New Mexico and California, Uhl found n = 18 or 2 n = 36, and Taylor and Mulligan likewise found 2 n = 36 in plants of Moresby Island, British Columbia. With the support of five more counts, but with none for the large area of Oregon and Wyoming to the Bering Sea, R. T. Clausen (1975) separated the 36-chromosome plants as Sedum integrifolium . More counts of 2 n = 36 have since appeared, including one from Sutwick Island, off the Alaska Peninsula (Á. Löve 1979).

In middle North America, Rhodiola integrifolia and R. rosea are geographically distinct. The local endemic subsp. leedyi of the former grows in Minnesota, midway between the western subspecies of R. integrifolia and the eastern R. rosea , and grows in New York state within 100 km of R. rosea . Otherwise, the ranges of the two species are over 2000 km apart in the south and nearly 3000 km in the north. Rhodiola integrifolia also is the prevailing plant in eastern Asia, where it has been named Sedum atropurpureum N. S. Turczaninow (E. Hultén 1941-1950, vol. 5), and R. rosea seems to extend (although not verified by chromosome counts) from eastern Asia to far-western Alaska, on the coast of the Bering Sea.

Although saying that Sedum integrifolium differs from S. rosea in many ways besides the chromosome number, R. T. Clausen (1975) found few absolute distinctions. His best key characters were those used here, petal width of staminate flowers, largely supported by flower color. Although questions remain unanswered, it seems best for now to follow Clausen in keeping the two species for North America.

Over its broad range, Rhodiola integrifolia is quite variable (e.g., see E. Hultén 1941-1950, vol. 5). R. T. Clausen (1975) noted that in some populations pistillate plants outnumber staminate; in others staminate may be six times as many as pistillate. He distinguished two outlying endemics as subspp. leedyi and neomexicana , also kept as subspecies here. He also proposed subsp. procer [ a ] for tall robust plants of Colorado, New Mexico, and (less typical) California, all within the range of subsp. integrifolia and all with the same chromosome number. Some of his plants look remarkably different from the usual dwarf forms of subsp. integrifolia that grow at the same high elevations. He did not include in subsp. procera (and apparently did not see alive) the tall plants often found inland in Alaska and northwestern Canada, which would be Sedum frigidum Rydberg according to Hultén. Thus the racial situation is much more complex than the naming of only two peripheral subspecies might suggest.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rhodiola+integrifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rhodiola+integrifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 69
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Rhodiola integrifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0103 0080 [detail]
© 1993 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 7269 3192 9902 0089 [detail]
1999 Larry Blakely

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 8266 3261 0180 0018 [detail]
William R. Hewlett
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 7269 3192 9902 0088 [detail]
1999 Larry Blakely

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 9092 3191 3543 0082 [detail]
Dr. Samuel J. Pusateri
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0024 3291 1997 0053 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Roseroot Stonecrop
ID: 6249 3022 3535 0060 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 7269 3192 9902 0090 [detail]
1999 Larry Blakely

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Roseroot Stonecrop
ID: 6249 3022 3535 0061 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 6249 3022 3535 0059 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Roseroot Stonecrop
ID: 6249 3022 3535 0062 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1001 0170 [detail]
© 2001 Steven Thorsted

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0103 0079 [detail]
© 1993 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 8253 3202 4146 0062 [detail]
Gladys Lucille Smith
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0805 1263 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0805 1264 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0805 1265 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0706 0552 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0805 1261 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0805 1262 [detail]
© 2005 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1153 [detail]
© 2006 Steven Thorsted

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0725 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 1207 0726 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Rhodiola integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1108 0031 [detail]
© 2008 Vernon Smith

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rhodiola+integrifolia+ssp.+integrifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Rhodiola+integrifolia+ssp.+integrifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 37
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King's Crown
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0832 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King's Crown
ID: 0000 0000 0914 1545 [detail]
© 2014 Barry Breckling

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1696 [detail]
© 2008 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1008 1698 [detail]
© 2008 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King's Crown
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0834 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King's Crown
ID: 0000 0000 1109 0833 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Breckling

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Roseroot
ID: 0000 0000 0311 0551 [detail]
© 2011 Ryan Batten

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Western Rose Root
ID: 0000 0000 0811 2683 [detail]
© 2011 Aaron E. Sims

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Western Rose Root
ID: 0000 0000 0811 2684 [detail]
© 2011 Aaron E. Sims

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0812 0840 [detail]
© 2012 Thomas Reyes

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1261 [detail]
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1262 [detail]
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Ledge Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1263 [detail]
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0613 0835 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Steers

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rosy Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2252 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rosy Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2253 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rosy Stonecrop
ID: 0000 0000 1213 2254 [detail]
© 2013 John Doyen

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0714 0921 [detail]
© 2014 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0714 0922 [detail]
© 2014 Steve Matson

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King's Crown
ID: 0000 0000 0815 2673 [detail]
© 2015 Barry Breckling

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King's Crown
ID: 0000 0000 0915 1696 [detail]
© 2015 Barry Breckling

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King’s Crown Western Roseroot
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3217 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
King’s Crown Western Roseroot
ID: 0000 1111 1234 3218 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
ID: 0000 0000 1117 2518 [detail]
© 2017 John Doyen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

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