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Scutellaria elliptica Muhl. ex Spreng.
HAIRY SKULLCAP
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Lamiaceae   Scutellaria

Scutellaria elliptica, Hairy Skullcap flower close up, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Scutellaria elliptica, Hairy Skullcap flower close up, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.

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Scutellaria elliptica, Hairy Skullcap, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Scutellaria elliptica, Hairy Skullcap, Howard County, MD, Helen Lowe Metzman ---.
Scutellaria elliptica, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Scutellaria elliptica, whole plant - in flower - general view

Scutellaria elliptica, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Scutellaria elliptica, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Scutellaria elliptica

Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica
Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica

Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica
Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica

Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica
Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica

Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica
Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica

Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica
Scutellaria elliptica
© Copyright Michael Strickland, 2008 · 1
Scutellaria elliptica
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Scutellaria elliptica Muhl. ex Spreng. var. elliptica Hairy Skullcap
Lamiaceae — Mint family
Native
Scutellaria elliptica var. elliptica
Brandywine Creek State Park
June 2002

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Scutellaria elliptica Muhl.

Skullcap

Scutellaria elliptica plant

Family - Lamiaceae

Stems - Single from thickened roots, rhizomatous, 4-angled, purplish(at least at base), tomentoulose, to 1m tall, erect, herbaceous. Pith white.

Leaves - Opposite, decussate, petiolate. Petioles tomentoulose, (at least the lowest with glandular hairs also), to +/-1.5cm long, with an adaxial groove. Blades ovate to ovate-elliptic, crenate-serrate, truncate to abruptly cuneate at base, acute, to +/-9cm long, +/-4.5cm broad, mostly glabrous and deep green above, pubescent and silvery-green abaxially, sparse glandular punctate on both surfaces. Margins ciliate (ciliolate).

Scutellaria elliptica leaves

Scutellaria elliptica petiole Close-up of petiole with arrows showing some of the many gland-tipped hairs.

Inflorescence - Terminal bracteate raceme to +/-7cm long(tall). Axis tomentoulose. Pedicels glandular tomentose, 2-3mm long, purplish, with two minute, (to 1mm long and linear), bracts attached near base. Bracts subtending pedicels foliaceous but reduced, to 1cm long.

Scutellaria elliptica inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla purplish, bilabiate, to 2.5cm long, glandular pubescent externally, sparse glandular pubescent internally. Upper lip 3-lobed. Central lobe galeate, 5-6mm long. Lateral lobes rounded and much shorter than the central lobe. Lower lip single-lobed, purple, 7-8mm long, 8mm broad, often folded downward, with a white splotch near the base internally. Stamens 4, adnate near the middle of the corolla tube, included, didynamous. Filaments white, mostly glabrous but with some glandular hairs. Anthers 1.5mm long, pubescent, yellowish-purple. Style inserted between the stamens, white, glabrous, to 2.4cm long. Ovary superior, 4-lobed, with two lobes raised slightly higher than the other two, to 1.5mm tall. Lobes and base of ovary yellowish, white whitish glands. Often only one lobe expanding and forming a tuberculate nutlet in fruit. Calyx light green, tomentose and glandular pubescent, accrescent, to 4mm long in flower, lobes converging and enclosing the seeds in fruit. Dorsal protuberance 2.2mm broad, -1mm tall (in flower).

Scutellaria elliptica calyx Arrow shows dorsal protuberance.

Scutellaria elliptica calyx Close-up of calyx with arrows showing a few of the gland-tipped hairs present.

Scutellaria elliptica flower Flower close-up.

Flowering - May - July.

Habitat - Dry rocky woods, bluffs, wooded slopes.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This striking species is found in the Ozark region of Missouri. This species resembles another, S. incana Biehler , but the former has glandular pubescence on the calyx and the lower petioles, S. incana does not. Other than those characteristics, the two species are nearly identical. All of the members of this genus found in Missouri are worthy of cultivation and grow well from seed. Although the genus Scutellaria belongs to the same family as the mints, none of the plants have a minty fragrance.

Photographs taken at the Current River Conservation Area, Reynolds County, MO., 6-20-01, and in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 5-30-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SCEL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SCEL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SCEL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SCEL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SCEL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SCEL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Scutellaria elliptica Muhl. ex Spreng.
hairy skullcap

Image of Scutellaria elliptica

General Information
Symbol: SCEL
Group: Dicot
Family: Lamiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Scutellaria thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Lamiales
Family Lamiaceae ⁄ Labiatae – Mint family
Genus Scutellaria L. – skullcap
Species Scutellaria elliptica Muhl. ex Spreng. – hairy skullcap

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Scutellaria elliptica . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Scutellaria elliptica</i>
Muhl. ex Spreng. var. <i>
elliptica </i>
Scutellaria elliptica var. elliptica
hairy skullcap Distribution of <i>
Scutellaria elliptica</i>
Muhl. ex Spreng. var. <i>
hirsuta</i>
(Short & Peter) Fernald
Scutellaria elliptica var. hirsuta
hairy skullcap

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SCEL)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SCEL)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SCEL)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SCEL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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