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Smilax pulverulenta Michx.
DOWNY CARRIONFLOWER
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Smilacaceae   Smilax


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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Smilax pulverulenta  Michx.

Carrion-flower

Smilax pulverulenta plant

Family - Smilacaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Smilax pulverulenta tendril Tendril of stem.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Smilax pulverulenta leaves

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Smilax pulverulenta fruits Developing fruits.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Mesic forests, rocky streambanks.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This vining species can be found in the southern half of Missouri. There are 8 species of Smilax in Missouri. Some of them can be difficult to distinguish from one another. The 4 spiny, semi-woody plants are easy to identify. S. pulverulenta belongs to the non-spiny group of the genus that can be difficult to ID at times. Mature, fruiting specimens are typically necessary for a proper identification. The fruits of S. pulverulenta are black and not glaucous at maturity. The plant also has shiny green leaves which are NOT pale and whitened abaxially.

Photographs taken in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Carter County, MO., 7-1-03.


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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMPU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMPU2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMPU2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMPU2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Smilax pulverulenta Michx.
downy carrionflower


General Information
Symbol: SMPU2
Group: Monocot
Family: Smilacaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Vine
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images



slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
NEPU4 Nemexia pulverulenta (Michx.) Small
SMHEP2 Smilax herbacea L. var. pulverulenta (Michx.) A. Gray

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Smilacaceae – Catbrier family
Genus Smilax L. – greenbrier
Species Smilax pulverulenta Michx. – downy carrionflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New York Jacob's-ladder Endangered
Ohio Smilax herbacea var. pulverulenta
downy carrion-flower Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Flora of North America (SMPU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (NEPU4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SMHEP2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SMPU2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SMPU2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 470, 476 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Smilacaceae | Smilax

15. Smilax pulverulenta Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 238. 1803.

Smilax herbacea Linnaeus var. pulverulenta (Michaux) A. Gray

Herbs. Stems annual, climbing, branching, to 2.5 m, herbaceous, glabrous; prickles absent. Leaves evenly distributed; petiole ± equaling blade; tendrils numerous, long, functional; blade lustrous, dark green abaxially, narrowly to broadly ovate, 8—16 × 3.5—9 cm, often with minute, whitish pubescence abaxially mostly on veins, with transparent trichomes, base cordate, margins entire, convex, apex long-acuminate; leaves on branches with oblong, smaller blade. Umbels numerous, axillary to leaves, 10—35-flowered, globose; peduncle equaling or shorter than subtending leaf. Flowers: perianth greenish; tepals 3.5—5 mm; anthers shorter than filaments, ovules (1—)2 per locule; pedicel 0.5—2.2 cm. Berries black, subglobose, 8—10 mm, not glaucous. 2n = 26.

Flowering Apr--Jun. Rich woods, thickets, usually in calcareous soils; 0--900 m; Ark., Del., D.C., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

The distribution of Smilax pulverulenta is disjunct. The eastern distribution is centered in the mid-Atlantic United States, while the western distribution is centered in the Ozark Plateau of Missouri.

Updated: 2018-11-18 16:38:46 gmt
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