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Sphagnum balticum (Russ.) C. Jens.
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Sphagnum balticum (Russow) C.E.O. Jensen
Baltic sphagnum

Image of Sphagnum balticum

General Information
Symbol: SPBA70
Group: Moss
Family: Sphagnaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit : Nonvascular
Native Status : NA   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

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©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Division Bryophyta – Mosses
Subdivision Musci
Class Sphagnopsida – Peat mosses
Subclass Sphagnidae
Order Sphagnales
Family Sphagnaceae
Genus Sphagnum L. – sphagnum
Species Sphagnum balticum (Russow) C.E.O. Jensen – Baltic sphagnum

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

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Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SPBA70)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 27 Page 62, 63, 64, 65 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 27 | Sphagnaceae | Sphagnum

25. Sphagnum balticum (Russow) C. E. O. Jensen in Botaniske Forening København, Festskrift. 100. 1890.

Sphagnum recurvum subsp. balticum Russow, Sitzungber. Naturf.-Ges. Univ. Dorpat 9: 99. 1890

Plants small to moderate-sized, soft and ± weak-stemmed; brownish green, yellow-green, yellowish to golden brown, capitulum typically flat and 5-radiate. Stems pale green to brown, branch bases sometimes reddish; superficial cortex of 2-3 layers of moderately thin-walled and differentiated cells. Stem leaves 0.8-1.1 mm, triangular-lingulate to lingulate, concave, spreading, apex broadly obtuse, hyaline cells fibrillose in apical region. Branches slender and tapering, often 5-ranked and decurved, leaves somewhat elongated at distal end. Branch fascicles with 2 spreading and mostly 1 pendent branch. Branch stem green, cortex enlarged with conspicuous retort cells. Branch leaves ovate-lanceolate, 1-1.7 mm, straight, slightly undulate and spreading; margin entire, hyaline cells on convex surface with 1-5 pores in cell ends and free near apex, on concave surface with round wall thinnings in cell ends and angles; chlorophyllous cells triangular in transverse section and well-enclosed on concave surface. Sexual condition dioicous. Spores 25-33 µm; smooth to finely papillose on both surfaces; proximal laesura approximately 0.5 spore radius.

Abundant in hollows and floating mats in raised bogs and poor fens; low to high elevations; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Colo.; Eurasia.

Unlike Sphagnum angustifolium and S. annulatum, S. balticum has stem leaves exerted at right angles to the stem. It also has fewer and weaker hanging branches than does S. angustifolium , which make the stem itself often visible and the stem leaves easier to see. Sphagnum balticum also lacks the paired pendent branch buds between the capitulum rays as seen in S. angustifolium .

In Sphagnum kenaiense there are sometimes spreading stem leaves but this species has 2 hanging branches per fascicle.

Updated: 2018-10-16 02:21:34 gmt
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