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Spinacia oleracea L.
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Chenopodiaceae   Spinacia

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma spinaciae @ BPI (2)
Albuginaceae  Albugo occidentalis @ BPI (12)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Myzus ( @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca solana @ III (13)

Erythroneura elegantula @ III (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium vagum @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium macrocarpum @ BPI (3)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma ellisii @ BPI (4)
Erysiphaceae  Oospora @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)

Colletotrichum lagenarium @ BPI (1)

Colletotrichum oleraceum @ BPI (2)

Colletotrichum spinaciae @ BPI (18)
Hypocreaceae  Sepedonium @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora beticola @ BPI (5)

Cercospora dubia @ BPI (4)

Cercospora flagelliformis @ BPI (1)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)

Heterosporium variabile @ BPI (22); 443409B (1); 443409A (1)

Septoria spinaciae @ BPI (2)
Nabidae  Nabis roseipennis @ AMNH_IZC (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora effusa @ BPI (106)

Peronospora farinosa @ BPI (5)

Peronospora spinaciae @ BPI (13)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria tenuis @ BPI (1)

Alternaria @ 445859B (1); 445859A (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia subnitens @ BPI (2)
Pythiaceae  Pythium debaryanum @ BPI (1)
_  Ascochyta spinaciae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SPOL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SPOL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SPOL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SPOL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SPOL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SPOL
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
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Spinacia oleracea L.

Image of Spinacia oleracea

General Information
Symbol: SPOL
Group: Dicot
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Spinacia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Chenopodiaceae – Goosefoot family
Genus Spinacia L. – spinach
Species Spinacia oleracea L. – spinach

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SPOL)
Flora of North America (SPOL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SPOL)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SPOL)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 259, 302 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Chenopodiaceae | Spinacia

1. Spinacia oleracea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1027. 1753.

Stems leafy, 1-5(-10) dm. Leaves gradually becoming smaller distally; blade oblong, base cuneate. Bracteoles orbicular-obovate, usually wider than long, apex with divergent spine or smooth. 2 n = 12.

Flowering spring-fall. Waste areas; 0-1500 m; introduced; Calif., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va., Wash.; Eurasia; n Africa.

Reports of populations in Canada and inland areas of the United States appear to be from gardens where the plants do not persist without benefit of cultivation.

Spinach is an important and widely cultivated crop of unknown origin, though known from the Mediterranean region since ancient times. The plant is prized as a rich source of vitamins, calcium, iron, and antioxidant carotenoids, but, if ingested in excessive amounts, the high concentration of oxalates in the leaves can be toxic by inhibiting the absorption of calcium. The cultivated form named var. oleracea has spiny seeds and tends to be more cold hardy than var. inermis , the smooth-seeded variety that is more tolerant of warm weather.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Spinacia+oleracea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Spinacia+oleracea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Spinacia oleracea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Spinacia oleracea
Spinacia oleracea
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1572 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Spinacia oleracea
Spinacia oleracea
ID: 0000 0000 0508 0422 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   

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Updated: 2018-10-20 11:03:07 gmt
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