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Starksia
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labrisomidae

Starksia lepidogaster
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia lepidogaster

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Starksia spinipenis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia spinipenis
Starksia spinipenis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia spinipenis

Starksia posthon
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia posthon
Starksia grammilaga
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia grammilaga

Starksia cremnobates
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia cremnobates
Starksia galapagensis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Starksia galapagensis

Starksia posthon
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Starksia posthon
Starksia posthon
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Starksia posthon

Starksia posthon
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Starksia posthon
Starksia fulva
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Starksia fulva

Starksia fulva
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Starksia fulva
Starksia fulva
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Starksia fulva

Starksia fulva
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Starksia fulva
Starksia fulva
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Starksia fulva

Starksia
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Starksia
Kinds
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • cirri: simple, nape and eye
  • d: front not high, notch behind spines
  • a: male - 1st spine long, free, = sex organ
  • a: base without fleshy crest
STARKSIA

BLENNIES

Bluntly pointed head; nostril, eye and nape cirri unbranched, sometimes leaf-like; 1st anal spine of male long, free from rest of fin, modified as sexual organ; no ridge or fold along anal fin base; no dark spot on dorsal between 1st 2 spines; notch between spines and rays of dorsal fin.

A neotropical genus of 29 species; 9 endemics occur in the eastern Pacific, 7 of them in our region.


References
  • Al-Uthman,., 1960., Revision of the Pacific forms of the tribe Starksiidi., Tex. J. Sci., 12:163-175.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1890., A preliminary report on the fishes collected by the steamer "Albatross" on the Pacific coast of North America during the year 1889, with descriptions of twelve new genera and ninety-two new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 13:49-126.
  • Herrera, G.A. and Lavenberg, R.J., 1999., Larval Labrisomidae (Pisces: Blenniioidei) from the Galapagos Islands., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 478:1-24.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. and Taylor, L.R., 1971., The Pacific species of the clinid fish tribe Starksiini., Pac. Sci., 25:436-463.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. and Taylor, L.R., 1972., A second record of Starksia posthon (Clinidae) with an expanded description., Copeia, 1972(3):599.
  • Stepien , C.A. , Dixon , M.T. and Hillis, D.M., 1993., Evolutionary relationships of the blennioid fish families Clinidae, Labrisomidae and Chaenopsidae: Congruence Between DNA Sequence and Allozyme Data., Bull. Mar. Sci., 52:496-515.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Updated: 2020-11-28 08:40:28 gmt
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