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Stenocereus thurberi (Engelm. ) Buxbaum
ORGANPIPE CACTUS
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Cactaceae   Stenocereus

Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Stenocereus thurberi

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Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi, whole plant - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi, whole plant - unspecified

Stenocereus thurberi, whole plant - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi, whole plant - unspecified
Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi

Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi

Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi

Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Stenocereus thurberi
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus2/stenocereus_thurberi.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=STTH3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=STTH3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=STTH3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=STTH3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=STTH3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=STTH3
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Stenocereus thurberi (Engelm.) Buxbaum
organpipe cactus

Image of Stenocereus thurberi

General Information
Symbol: STTH3
Group: Dicot
Family: Cactaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Stenocereus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, CA, Berkeley, University of California Berkeley Botanical Garden. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument, Puerto Blanco Drive. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument, Senita Basin. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, AZ, Organ Pipe National Monument, Puerto Blanco Drive. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CETH4 Cereus thurberi Engelm.
LETH5 Lemaireocereus thurberi (Engelm.) Britton & Rose
PATH3 Pachycereus thurberi (Engelm.) H. Bravo

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Caryophyllidae
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae – Cactus family
Genus Stenocereus (A. Berger) Riccob. – stenocereus
Species Stenocereus thurberi (Engelm.) Buxbaum – organpipe cactus

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Arizona organ pipe cactus Salvage restricted

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (STTH3)
CalPhotos (STTH3)
Flora of North America (STTH3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CETH4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LETH5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (PATH3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (STTH3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (STTH3)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (STTH3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 4 Page 186, 187 , 188 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Cactaceae | Stenocereus

1. Stenocereus thurberi (Engelmann) Buxbaum, Bot. Stud. 12: 101. 1961.

Organ pipe cactus, pitahauya dulce

Cereus thurberi Engelmann, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 17: 234. 1854; Lemaireocereus thurberi (Engelmann) Britton & Rose; Marshallocereus thurberi (Engelmann) Backeberg; Pilocereus thurberi (Engelmann) Rümpler; Rathbunia thurberi (Engelmann) P. V. Heath

Shrubs, branching basal, 3-6[-12+] m. Stems erect, at first yellow-green then green, lacking red pigmentation, glabrous and dull, forming patches of orange young bark on aged and undamaged segments; ribs [12-]15-19, somewhat tuberculate, interareolar transverse fold often present on young ribs, 9-12 mm to rib crest; cortex yellowish, mucilage sacs conspicuous in outer cortex only; pith lacking mucilage, 4-6 cm wide; areoles 1-1.6 cm apart along ribs, circular, 4-6 mm, hairs reddish brown. Spines 11-14(-19), thin, straight; radial spines 1-3.5 cm; central spines to 6 cm. Flowers nocturnal, mostly subterminal, funnelform, to 6-7.5(-9) × 6-7 cm; flower tubes about 4 cm; scales at base of tube red with green margins; tepals to 6.5 cm wide; outer tepals reddish with pink margins; inner tepals cream-white to light pink; filaments white to pink, 2-3 cm; ovary tuberculate with green, rhomboid tubercles and small red bracts at anthesis, areoles with tan hairs and sometimes short spines; styles white, 4 cm; nectar chamber 1-1.5 cm. Fruits red, 45-65 mm, fleshy, bearing deciduous spiny areoles; pulp sweet. Seeds 2 mm, glossy. 2 n = 22.

Flowering (Mar)Apr-Jul[-Dec]; fruiting mostly Jul-Aug. Upland Sonoran desert scrub; 20-1100 m; Ariz.; Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora).

Stenocereus thurberi is a common columnar cactus of the Sonoran Desert, throughout Baja California and the islands of the Gulf of California and in the west-coastal vegetation from Sonora to Sinaloa. In Mexico, where S. thurberi is arborescent, it has a very short trunk to 0.5 m, exceeds 12 m, branches more than in northern populations, and can have as few as 12 ribs. Tall specimens of S. thurberi occur where the plants grow in taller vegetation, hence competing with small trees for sunlight (A. C. Gibson and P. S. Nobel 1986).

Stenocereus thurberi belongs to the largest clade of Stenocereus wherein all species possess dark red or brown, glandular areolar trichomes (A. C. Gibson 1988). The group of species most closely related to S. thurberi have the interareolar transverse fold, a distinctive mark that persists after the ribs become fully expanded.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Stenocereus+thurberi&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Stenocereus+thurberi&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 67
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Stenocereus thurberi%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0072 3301 1149 0131 [detail]
Dr. G Dallas and Margaret Hanna
© 2001 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0024 3291 2018 0032 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0103 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0024 3291 2018 0054 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0024 3291 2018 0031 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0106 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0102 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0104 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0108 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0024 3291 1999 0104 [detail]
Jules Strauss
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0101 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0107 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0091 3182 0753 0105 [detail]
Glenn and Martha Vargas
© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0024 3291 2015 0048 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1403 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organpipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0108 1402 [detail]
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ-pipe cactus
ID: 6666 6666 1109 0077 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ-pipe cactus
ID: 6666 6666 1109 0078 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ Pipe Cactus
ID: 6666 6666 1109 0079 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ Pipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1107 [detail]
© 2010 Keir Morse

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ Pipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1108 [detail]
© 2010 Keir Morse

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ Pipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1109 [detail]
© 2010 Keir Morse

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ Pipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1110 [detail]
© 2010 Keir Morse

Stenocereus thurberi
Stenocereus thurberi
Organ Pipe Cactus
ID: 0000 0000 0210 1111 [detail]
© 2010 Keir Morse

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