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Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
Deceiving Trillium

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Trillium

Trillium decipiens, Chattahoochee Trillium
© Copyright Jeff Miller, 2009 · 1
Trillium decipiens, Chattahoochee Trillium

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Trillium decipiens
© Copyright Jeff Miller, 2009 · 1
Trillium decipiens
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Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
Chattahoochee River wakerobin

General Information
Symbol: TRDE2
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : L48   N
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   





Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Trillium L. – trillium
Species Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman – Chattahoochee River wakerobin

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

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Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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Flora of North America (TRDE2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRDE2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TRDE2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 95, 108 , 116 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Trillium

20. Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman, Brittonia. 27: 17, fig. 3. 1975.

Deceiving trillium

Rhizomes horizontal, brownish, thick, praemorse, not brittle. Scapes 1—3, green or bronze-green, round in cross section, 1.7—4.4 dm, stout, glabrous. Bracts held horizontally, not drooping, tips at anthesis held well above ground, sessile; blade usually very strongly marked with at least 3 shades of dark green, bronze green, and purplish green, often with light central strip, mottling becoming obscure with age, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, widest at ca. 1/3 of length from basal attachment, tapered very gradually to tip, 8—17+ × 4.9—8.5 cm, rounded basally, margins of distal 1/3 straight, apex acute. Flower faintly ill-scented; sepals divergent-ascending, streaked with green to maroon, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 36—68 × 12—21 mm, margins entire, flat or slightly raised adaxially, apex acute; petals long-lasting, erect, ± connivent, ± partially concealing stamens and ovary, maroon-purple, brownish purple to brown, greenish streaked to green, rarely yellow, becoming brown, or occasionally bright copper-bronze with age, not spirally twisted, veins not engraved, obovate to oblanceolate, large in proportion to leaf size compared to many species, 5—9 × 1—2 cm, 2+ times longer than wide, widest at or just above middle, thick-textured, margins entire, flat, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded; stamens erect or incurving, 12—24 mm; filaments yellow, 2—3 mm; anthers erect, straight, rarely arcuate, yellow, 10—15 mm, dehiscence latrorse; connectives straight, projecting 1—2 mm beyond anther sacs; ovary dark red, brown, or gray, ellipsoid, strongly 6-angled, 6—13 mm; stigmas basally erect, tips recoiled upon ovary, distinct, green, white, or purple, linear, short, 3—12 mm, slightly thickened basally, not fleshy. Fruits baccate, dark green to purple, odor not reported, ellipsoid, strongly grooved and ridged, pulpy or mealy. 2n = 10.

Flowering winter--mid spring (late Jan--early Apr). Rich woods and bluffs in mixed deciduous forests of oak, red maple, beech, elm, and others; also thinner upland oak woods, in depressions and in ravines, low sandy-alluvial slopes to local rivers; 50--100 m; Ala., Fla., Ga.

Updated: 2019-01-20 02:57:37 gmt
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