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Typha angustifolia L.
LESSER BULRUSH
Narrowleaf cattail

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Typhaceae   Typha

Typha angustifolia
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Typha angustifolia

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Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha angustifolia

Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha angustifolia

Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia, Narrow-leaved Cattail
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 4
Typha angustifolia, Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha angustifolia
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Typha angustifolia

Typha angustifolia
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia, flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Typha angustifolia, flower

Typha angustifolia, flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Typha angustifolia, flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma typharum @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta renouana @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta typhina @ BPI (5)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium typharum @ BPI (5)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium @ 393757B (1); 393758B (1); 393758A (1); 393757A (1)

Hysterostegiella fenestrata @ BPI (1)

Hysterostegiella typhae @ BPI (3)

Mollisia epitypha @ BPI (1)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia typhae @ BPI (6)
Hypocreaceae  Trichoderma lignorum @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Gloniella typhae @ BPI (1)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconium typhae @ BPI (2)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella microscopica @ 608852A (1); 608852B (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria typhae @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria typharum @ BPI (7)

Stagonospora typhae @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora typhoidearum @ BPI (4)
Pleomassariaceae  Scolicosporium typhae @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Leptostroma nitidum @ BPI (1)
Ustilaginaceae  Ustilago grandis @ BPI (1)
_  Dacryopsis typhae @ BPI (1)

Myxormia typhae @ 396736B (1); 396736A (1)

Scolecosporiella typhae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 404 Not Found http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=5&page=703

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Typha angustifolia L. Narrowleaf Cattail
Typhaceae — Cattail family
Invasive non-native
Typha angustifolia
Kent County
June 2001

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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You have requested an unaccepted/invalid name entry, the corresponding accepted/valid name is presented here as the result.
 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Tracheophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Poales  
 Family Typhaceae  
 Genus Typha  
  Typha angustifolia    L. 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Massula angustifolia Typha angustifolia calumetensis Typha angustifolia elatior Typha angustifolia elongata Typha angustifolia foveolata Typha angustifolia longispicata Typha angustifolia spathacea Typha angustifolia submersa Typha elatior Typha foveolata Typha glauca details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 5: 703, 2000
Name Code: 202258
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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TYAN ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TYAN
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TYAN ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TYAN
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Typha angustifolia L.
narrowleaf cattail

Image of Typha angustifolia

General Information
Symbol: TYAN
Group: Monocot
Family: Typhaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   I,N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Typha thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Woodbridge, Occoquan National Wildlife Refuge. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 69. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
TYANC Typha angustifolia L. var. calumetensis Peattie
TYANE Typha angustifolia L. var. elongata (Dudley) Wiegand

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Typhales
Family Typhaceae – Cat-tail family
Genus Typha L. – cattail
Species Typha angustifolia L. – narrowleaf cattail

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TYAN)
CalPhotos (TYAN)
Flora of North America (TYAN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TYAN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TYANC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TYANE)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TYAN)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (TYAN)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (TYAN)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TYAN)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TYAN)
Related Websites
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (TYAN)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (TYAN)
Natural History of the North Woods (TYAN)
Nearctica-Eastern Wildflowers (TYAN)
Plants For A Future (TYAN)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (TYAN)
USDI GS Wetland Plants (TYAN)
VA-Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide (TYAN)
WA-Noxious Weed Control Board (TYAN)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 22 Page 283 , 284 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Typhaceae | Typha

2. Typha angustifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 971. 1753.

Narrow-leaved cat-tail, quenouille à feuilles étroites

Erect shoots 150--300 cm, not glaucous; flowering shoots 5--12 mm thick in middle; stems 2--3 mm thick near inflorescence. Leaves: sheath sides membranous, margin broadly clear, summit with membranous auricles which often disintegrate late in season; mucilage glands at sheath-blade transition brown, absent from blade and usually from sheath center near summit; widest blades on shoot 4--12 mm wide when fresh, 3--8 mm when dry; distal blade usually markedly exceeding inflorescence. Inflorescences: staminate spikes separated from pistillate by 1--8(--12) cm of naked axis, ca. as long as pistillate, 1 cm thick in anthesis; staminate scales variable in same spike, straw-colored to medium brown, filiform, simple to bifid or sometimes cuneate and irregularly branched, to 6  0.1 mm; pistillate spikes in flower when fresh dark brown with whitish stigmas (drying brown), later medium brown, in fruit when fresh as stigmas wear off often greenish due to green carpodia, (4--)6--20 cm  5--6 mm in flower, 13--22 mm in fruit; compound pedicels in fruit peg-like, 0.5--0.7 mm; pistillate bracteole blades forming spike surface before flowering, later exceeded by stigmas and about equaling or slightly exceeded by pistil hairs, very dark to medium brown, much darker than (or sometimes as dark as) stigmas, irregularly spatulate, 0.6  0.1--0.2 mm, wider than or about as wide as stigmas, apex rounded (to acute). Staminate flowers 4--6 mm; anthers 1.5--2 mm, thecae yellow, apex dark brown; pollen in monads or some in irregular clusters. Pistillate flowers 2 mm in flower, 5--7 mm in fruit; pistil-hair tips medium brown, distinctly swollen at 10--20X; stigmas sometimes deciduous in fruit, in flower erect, elongating, bending to form surface mat, white in flower, drying brownish, later medium brown, narrowly linear-lanceolate, 0.6--1.4  0.1 mm; carpodia slightly exceeded by and visible among pistil hairs at mature spike surface, green when young and fresh, straw-colored with orange-brown spots when dry, apex nearly truncate. 2n = 30.

Flowering late spring--summer. Often somewhat brackish or subsaline water or wet soil; 0--1900 m; B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., [Mont.], Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W. Va., Wis., Wyo.; Eurasia.

Prior to N. Hotchkiss and H. L. Dozier (1949), Typha domingensis was generally included within T. angustifolia in North America. Because of many misidentified specimens, range expansion in recent years, and undercollecting, the distribution on the margins of the main range is somewhat uncertain. Many literature reports are based on misidentified specimens. Some workers suggested T. angustifolia was early introduced from Europe into Atlantic Coastal North America and migrated westward (R. L. Stuckey and D. P. Salamon 1987). In recent decades it has expanded its range in many regions and become much more abundant, especially in roadside ditches and other highly disturbed habitats. For example, although it was known only from one Wisconsin station in 1929 (N. C. Fassett 1930) and was very local in Iowa in 1939 (A. Hayden 1939), it is now common and widespread in both states. As it often out-competes many native marsh species to produce very dense, pure stands, and hybridizes with T. latifolia to form the probably even more competitive T. glauca, T. angustifolia and T. glauca should perhaps be classified as noxious weeds in parts of North America. Beyond the main range of T. angustifolia, there are specimens of T. glauca from north-central Montana (Phillips County.), west-central Manitoba (La Pas), and Anticosti Island, Quebec. There are m Many erroneous reports have come from outside of Europe and North America. For hybrids see also genus and key.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Fassett, N. C. 1930. Preliminary rReports of the Fflora of Wisconsin. Pandanales. Proc. Wis.Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 25 Acad. Sci., Arts and Letters 25: 183--187. Hayden, A. 1939. Notes on Typha angustifolia in Iowa. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 13: 341--351. Stuckey, R. L. and D. P. Salamon. 1987. Typha angustifolia in North America: Aa foreigner masquerading as a native. [Abstract.] Ohio J. Sci. 87: 4. [Abstract.]

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Typha+angustifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Typha+angustifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 26
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Typha angustifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0059 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1006 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1007 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1176 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1177 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1208 2405 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1208 2406 [detail]
© 2008 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0322 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0323 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0710 0324 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrowleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0112 0281 [detail]
© 2012 Aaron Arthur

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrowleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0112 0282 [detail]
© 2012 Aaron Arthur

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0312 1998 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0312 1999 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0312 2000 [detail]
© 2012 Jean Pawek

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Cat-tail
ID: 0000 0000 0513 0849 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Cat-tail
ID: 0000 0000 0513 0850 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Cat-tail
(shown with Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana )
ID: 0000 0000 0513 0851 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0514 1229 [detail]
© 2014 Zoya Akulova

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1215 1573 [detail]
© 2015 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1215 1574 [detail]
© 2015 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1215 1575 [detail]
© 2015 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1215 1576 [detail]
© 2015 Neal Kramer

Typha angustifolia
Typha angustifolia
Narrow-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0118 1764 [detail]
© 2018 Neal Kramer

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