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Typha latifolia L.
BULRUSH
Broadleaf cattail; Common Cattail

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Typhaceae   Typha

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Typha latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Typha latifolia, whole plant - in flower - general view

Typha latifolia, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Typha latifolia, leaf - unspecified
Typha latifolia, fruit - section or open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Typha latifolia, fruit - section or open

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma miscerum @ BPI (1)

Phoma orthosticha @ BPI (2)

Phoma typharum @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Aulacorthum solani @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Rhopalosiphum enigmae @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Sitobion ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Artheneidae  Chilacis typhae @ AMNH_IZC (17)
Bionectriaceae  Nectriella paludosa @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta coralliobola @ BPI (5)

Phyllosticta renouana @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta typhina @ BPI (11); 355261B (1); 355261A (1)

Sphaeropsis typhina @ BPI (1)
Coccinellidae  Cycloneda polita @ I_LB (1)

Hippodamia sinuata @ I_LB (1)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella capula @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (5)

Cladosporium typhae @ BPI (4)

Cladosporium typharum @ 427577A (1); 427563B (1); 427564A (1); 427572B (1); 427585A (1); 427567A (1); 427564B (1); 427574B (1); 427563A (1); 427568B (1); 864358A (1); 427585B (1); 427548A (1); 427558B (1); 427564C (1); 427580A (1); 427574A (1); 427551A (1); 427559A (1); 427551B (1); 427572A (1); 427548B (1); 427559B (1); BPI (25); 427567B (1); 427558C (1); 427558A (1); 427577B (1); 427580B (1); 427568A (1); 427559C (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium @ BPI (2)

Hysteropezizella diminuens @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Scirrhia grameana @ 642284A (1); 642284B (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria trichostoma @ BPI (3)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum typhae @ BPI (3)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia typhae @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconium typhae @ BPI (13)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Heterosporium maculatum @ BPI (3)

Heterosporium typharum @ BPI (3)

Mycosphaerella typhae @ BPI (5)
Nectriaceae  Nectria paludosa @ BPI (2)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria michotii @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria praeclara @ 621527B (1); 621527A (1); 621527C (1)

Leptosphaeria punctillum @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria typhae @ 864358B (1); BPI (11)

Leptosphaeria typharum @ BPI (24)

Stagonospora typhoidearum @ BPI (3)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum scabrum @ 453629B (1); 453627B (1); 453628A (1); 453629A (1); 453628B (1); 453627A (1)

Macrosporium commune @ 445198B (1); 445198A (1)

Pleospora berlesii @ BPI (1)

Pleospora permunda @ BPI (1)

Pleospora vinosa @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia scirpi @ 101251B (1); 101251A (1)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium typhinum @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Pistillaria attenuata @ BPI (1)

Pistillaria ovata @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria perpusilla @ BPI (1)
_  Chaetodiscula hysteriiforme @ BPI (2)

Cryptomela typhae @ BPI (1)

Dictyosporium opacum @ BPI (1)

Myxormia typhae @ BPI (4)

Phaeodiscula @ BPI (1)

Phaeosphaerella typhae @ BPI (2)

Scolecosporiella typhae @ BPI (1)

Scolicotrichum typhae @ BPI (1)

Septosporium praelongum @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (3)

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Following modified from Floridata
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://www.floridata.com/ref/T/typh_lat.cfm/

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Typha latifolia L. Broadleaf Cattail
Typhaceae — Cattail family
Native
Typha latifolia
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
July 2007

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TYLA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TYLA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TYLA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TYLA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TYLA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TYLA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Typha latifolia L.
broadleaf cattail

Image of Typha latifolia

General Information
Symbol: TYLA
Group: Monocot
Family: Typhaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   N
CAN   N
HI   I
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Typha thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . West Region, Sacramento. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. July 15, 2006. Usage Requirements .

Sheri Hagwood. USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) . United States, ID, Bureau of Land Management Jarbidge Resource Area. July 15, 2006. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, CA, Santa Clara Co., Jasper Ridge. February 26, 1995. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 68. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Typhales
Family Typhaceae – Cat-tail family
Genus Typha L. – cattail
Species Typha latifolia L. – broadleaf cattail

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Typha latifolia broadleaf cattail cattail common cattail This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii OBL
North America
Alaska OBL
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TYLA)
CalPhotos (TYLA)
Flora of North America (TYLA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TYLA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TYLA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (TYLA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (TYLA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (TYLA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (TYLA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TYLA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TYLA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TYLA)
Related Websites
Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant Info. System: abstract & image (TYLA)
NRCS Western Wetland Flora: images & text (TYLA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Quinlan Low

Sources

Quinlan, S.E., and S. Cuccarese. 2004. Native Alaskan and exotic plants used by wildlife . Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Anchorage.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 22 Page 282 , 283 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Typhaceae | Typha

1. Typha latifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 971. 1753.

Broad-leaved cat-tail, tule espedilla, quenouille à feuilles larges

Erect shoots 150--300 cm; flowering shoots 1--2 cm thick in middle, stems 3--7 mm thick near inflorescence. Leaves: usually glaucous when fresh; sheath sides papery or membranous, margins narrowly clear, summit tapered into blade to distinctly shouldered, or rarely with firm, papery auricles; mucilage glands at sheath-blade transition usually colorless, obscure, absent from sheath center and blade; widest blades on shoot 10--23(--29) mm wide when fresh, 5--20 mm when dry, distal blades about equaling inflorescence. Inflorescences: staminate spikes contiguous with pistillate or in some clones separated by to 4(--8) cm of naked axis, about as long as pistillate, ca. 1--2 cm thick at anthesis; staminate scales colorless to straw-colored, filiform, simple, ca. 4  0.05 mm; pistillate spikes in flower pale green drying brownish, later blackish brown or reddish brown, in fruit often mottled with whitish patches of pistil-hair tips, 5--25 cm  5--8 mm in flower, 24--36 mm thick in fruit; compound pedicels in fruit bristle-like, variable in same spike, 1.5--3.5 mm; pistillate bracteoles absent. Staminate flowers 5--12 mm; anthers 1--3 mm, thecae yellow, apex dark brown; pollen in tetrads. Pistillate flowers 2--3 mm in flower, 10--15 mm in fruit; pistil-hair tips colorless, whitish in mass, not enlarged; stigmas persistent, forming solid layer on spike surface, pale green in flower, drying brownish, then reddish brown or usually distally blackish, spatulate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 0.6--1  0.2--0.25 mm; carpodia exceeded by and hidden among pistil hairs, straw-colored, apex rounded. Seeds numerous. 2n = 30.

Flowering late spring--summer in north, spring--early summer in south. Fresh to slightly brackish water or wet soil; 0--2300 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho. Ill., Ind., Iowa., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Mexico; Central America; South America; Eurasia; Africa; introduced, Australia (Tasmania (introduced)).

The erect shoots of Typha latifolia are more fanlike when young than in other North American species because the proximal leaves (dying by mid season) spread more widely. Undoubtedly native throughout its North American range, where it is often a codominant or minor component of marshes, wet meadows, fens, and other communities. In many places it is apparently being replaced by T. angustifolia and T. angustifolia  T. latifolia (T. glauca) at least partly due to human disturbance of habitats. There is a specimen of T. xglauca from Anticosti Island, Quebec. Locally in California and perhaps elsewhere where hybrids are common, the pollen grains of some T. latifolia plants separate slightly and may be shed partly as mixtures of triads, dyads, and monads, perhaps due to introgression ([S. G. Smith, unpublisheddeletion.). Ph.D. thesis]. See also hybrids in key and genus.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Kaul, R. B. 1974. Ontogeny of foliar diaphragms in Typha latifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 61: 318--323. Rowlatt, U. and H. Morshead. 1992. Architecture of the leaf of the greater reed mace, Typha latifolia L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 110: 161--170. Yeo, R. R. 1964. Life history of common cattail. Weeds 12: 284--288.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Typha+latifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Typha+latifolia&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 73
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Typha latifolia%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cattail
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0069 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0064 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0850 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0065 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0068 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0063 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0848 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cattail
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0070 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cattail
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0071 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0204 0487 [detail]
© 2004 Steve Matson

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0066 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0849 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 6249 3022 3910 0067 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0204 0488 [detail]
© 2004 Steve Matson

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1009 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1010 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
ID: 0000 0000 0306 1489 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 0806 0176 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
(shown with Onoclea sensibilis, symplocarpus foetidus, lythrum salicaria )
ID: 0000 0000 0107 1812 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cat-tail
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2556 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cat-tail
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2557 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broad-leaved Cat-tail
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2558 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1178 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
Broadleaf Cattail
ID: 0000 0000 1207 1179 [detail]
© 2007 Neal Kramer

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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