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Typha latifolia L.
BULRUSH
Broadleaf cattail; Common Cattail

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Typhaceae   Typha

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Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Matthew Ericson 2012 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha latifolia

Typha latifolia
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Typha latifolia
Typha latifolia, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Typha latifolia, whole plant - in flower - general view

Typha latifolia, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Typha latifolia, leaf - unspecified
Typha latifolia, fruit - section or open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Typha latifolia, fruit - section or open

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma miscerum @ BPI (1)

Phoma orthosticha @ BPI (2)

Phoma typharum @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Aulacorthum solani @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Rhopalosiphum enigmae @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Sitobion ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Artheneidae  Chilacis typhae @ AMNH_IZC (17)
Bionectriaceae  Nectriella paludosa @ BPI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta coralliobola @ BPI (5)

Phyllosticta renouana @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta typhina @ 355261A (1); BPI (11); 355261B (1)

Sphaeropsis typhina @ BPI (1)
Coccinellidae  Cycloneda polita @ I_LB (1)

Hippodamia sinuata @ I_LB (1)
Cyphellaceae  Cyphella capula @ BPI (1)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (5)

Cladosporium typhae @ BPI (4)

Cladosporium typharum @ 427564B (1); 427551B (1); 427559C (1); 427577A (1); 427559B (1); 427558C (1); 864358A (1); 427559A (1); 427568A (1); 427572B (1); 427577B (1); 427548A (1); 427563A (1); 427563B (1); 427572A (1); 427564A (1); 427551A (1); 427585B (1); 427548B (1); 427567B (1); 427585A (1); BPI (25); 427558B (1); 427574B (1); 427564C (1); 427558A (1); 427580B (1); 427574A (1); 427580A (1); 427568B (1); 427567A (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium @ BPI (2)

Hysteropezizella diminuens @ BPI (1)
Dothideaceae  Scirrhia grameana @ 642284A (1); 642284B (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria trichostoma @ BPI (3)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum typhae @ BPI (3)
Helicinidae  Hendersonia typhae @ BPI (2)
Melanconidaceae  Melanconium typhae @ BPI (13)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Heterosporium maculatum @ BPI (3)

Heterosporium typharum @ BPI (3)

Mycosphaerella typhae @ BPI (5)
Nectriaceae  Nectria paludosa @ BPI (2)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria michotii @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria praeclara @ 621527A (1); 621527B (1); 621527C (1)

Leptosphaeria punctillum @ BPI (1)

Leptosphaeria typhae @ BPI (11); 864358B (1)

Leptosphaeria typharum @ BPI (24)

Stagonospora typhoidearum @ BPI (3)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum scabrum @ 453627A (1); 453627B (1); 453628A (1); 453628B (1); 453629B (1); 453629A (1)

Macrosporium commune @ 445198A (1); 445198B (1)

Pleospora berlesii @ BPI (1)

Pleospora permunda @ BPI (1)

Pleospora vinosa @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia scirpi @ 101251B (1); 101251A (1)
Rhytismataceae  Lophodermium typhinum @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Pistillaria attenuata @ BPI (1)

Pistillaria ovata @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria perpusilla @ BPI (1)
_  Chaetodiscula hysteriiforme @ BPI (2)

Cryptomela typhae @ BPI (1)

Dictyosporium opacum @ BPI (1)

Myxormia typhae @ BPI (4)

Phaeodiscula @ BPI (1)

Phaeosphaerella typhae @ BPI (2)

Scolecosporiella typhae @ BPI (1)

Scolicotrichum typhae @ BPI (1)

Septosporium praelongum @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (3)

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Following modified from Floridata
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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http://delawarewildflowers.org/plant.php?id=2053 ---> https://delawarewildflowers.org/plant.php?id=2053

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Typha latifolia L. Broadleaf Cattail
Typhaceae — Cattail family
Native
Typha latifolia
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
July 2007

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 22 Page 282 , 283 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Typhaceae | Typha

1. Typha latifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 971. 1753.

Broad-leaved cat-tail, tule espedilla, quenouille à feuilles larges

Erect shoots 150--300 cm; flowering shoots 1--2 cm thick in middle, stems 3--7 mm thick near inflorescence. Leaves: usually glaucous when fresh; sheath sides papery or membranous, margins narrowly clear, summit tapered into blade to distinctly shouldered, or rarely with firm, papery auricles; mucilage glands at sheath-blade transition usually colorless, obscure, absent from sheath center and blade; widest blades on shoot 10--23(--29) mm wide when fresh, 5--20 mm when dry, distal blades about equaling inflorescence. Inflorescences: staminate spikes contiguous with pistillate or in some clones separated by to 4(--8) cm of naked axis, about as long as pistillate, ca. 1--2 cm thick at anthesis; staminate scales colorless to straw-colored, filiform, simple, ca. 4  0.05 mm; pistillate spikes in flower pale green drying brownish, later blackish brown or reddish brown, in fruit often mottled with whitish patches of pistil-hair tips, 5--25 cm  5--8 mm in flower, 24--36 mm thick in fruit; compound pedicels in fruit bristle-like, variable in same spike, 1.5--3.5 mm; pistillate bracteoles absent. Staminate flowers 5--12 mm; anthers 1--3 mm, thecae yellow, apex dark brown; pollen in tetrads. Pistillate flowers 2--3 mm in flower, 10--15 mm in fruit; pistil-hair tips colorless, whitish in mass, not enlarged; stigmas persistent, forming solid layer on spike surface, pale green in flower, drying brownish, then reddish brown or usually distally blackish, spatulate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 0.6--1  0.2--0.25 mm; carpodia exceeded by and hidden among pistil hairs, straw-colored, apex rounded. Seeds numerous. 2n = 30.

Flowering late spring--summer in north, spring--early summer in south. Fresh to slightly brackish water or wet soil; 0--2300 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho. Ill., Ind., Iowa., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Mexico; Central America; South America; Eurasia; Africa; introduced, Australia (Tasmania (introduced)).

The erect shoots of Typha latifolia are more fanlike when young than in other North American species because the proximal leaves (dying by mid season) spread more widely. Undoubtedly native throughout its North American range, where it is often a codominant or minor component of marshes, wet meadows, fens, and other communities. In many places it is apparently being replaced by T. angustifolia and T. angustifolia  T. latifolia (T. glauca) at least partly due to human disturbance of habitats. There is a specimen of T. xglauca from Anticosti Island, Quebec. Locally in California and perhaps elsewhere where hybrids are common, the pollen grains of some T. latifolia plants separate slightly and may be shed partly as mixtures of triads, dyads, and monads, perhaps due to introgression ([S. G. Smith, unpublisheddeletion.). Ph.D. thesis]. See also hybrids in key and genus.

SELECTED REFERENCES

Kaul, R. B. 1974. Ontogeny of foliar diaphragms in Typha latifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 61: 318--323. Rowlatt, U. and H. Morshead. 1992. Architecture of the leaf of the greater reed mace, Typha latifolia L. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 110: 161--170. Yeo, R. R. 1964. Life history of common cattail. Weeds 12: 284--288.

Updated: 2021-05-09 02:36:06 gmt
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