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Ulmus rubra Muhl.
SLIPPERY ELM
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ulmaceae   Ulmus

Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm

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Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 5
Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm
Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 5
Ulmus rubra, Slippery Elm

Ulmus rubra, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, whole tree or vine - general
Ulmus rubra, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Ulmus rubra, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, leaf - whole upper surface
Ulmus rubra, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, whole tree or vine - general

Ulmus rubra, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, bark - of a large tree
Ulmus rubra, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, leaf - unspecified

Ulmus rubra, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Ulmus rubra, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Ulmus rubra, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, twig - orientation of petioles
Ulmus rubra, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, twig - orientation of petioles

Ulmus rubra, bark - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, bark - unspecified
Ulmus rubra, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Ulmus rubra, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Eriosoma ulmi @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Kaltenbachiella ulmifusa @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Tetraneura ( @ NCSU (15)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta ulmi-rubrae @ BPI (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca curvatura @ III (1)

Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Empoasca hama @ III (1)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (1)

Eratoneura accola @ III (1)

Eratoneura affinis @ III (47)

Eratoneura ardens @ III (4)

Eratoneura basilaris @ III (19)

Eratoneura bigemina @ III (14)

Eratoneura bispinosa @ III (9)

Eratoneura campora @ III (13)

Eratoneura carmini @ III (2)

Eratoneura clara @ III (1)

Eratoneura clavipes @ III (2)

Eratoneura concisa @ III (1)

Eratoneura contracta @ III (40)

Eratoneura era @ III (1)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (1)

Eratoneura gilesi @ III (1)

Eratoneura immota @ III (1)

Eratoneura knighti @ III (1)

Eratoneura lenta @ III (1)

Eratoneura misera @ III (1)

Eratoneura nigriventer @ III (1)

Eratoneura stoveri @ III (9)

Eratoneura tantula @ III (2)

Eratoneura teshi @ III (4); AMNH_IZC (1); NCSU (1)

Eratoneura triangulata @ III (1)

Erythridula complicata @ III (1)

Erythridula cornipes @ III (1)

Erythridula cruciformis @ III (1)

Erythridula eluta @ III (1)

Erythridula falcata @ III (1)

Erythridula fulvocephala @ III (1)

Erythridula normanti @ III (1)

Erythridula obliqua @ III (1)

Erythridula stylata @ III (1)

Erythridula ulmosa @ III (4)

Erythridula unicuspidis @ III (1)

Erythridula volucris @ III (2)

Erythridula whitti @ III (1)

Hymetta balteata @ III (1)

Kybos copula @ III (1)
Derbidae  Anotia @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Apache degeeri @ UDCC_NRI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Uncinula macrospora @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Saileria irrorata @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina ulmi @ BPI (6)
Tingidae  Corythucha ulmi @ NCSU (1)
_  Ceratophorum ulmicola @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum ulmi @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 500 Can't connect to www.cnr.vt.edu:80 http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/urubra.htm

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ULRU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ULRU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ULRU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ULRU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ULRU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ULRU
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ulmus rubra Muhl.
slippery elm

Image of Ulmus rubra

General Information
Symbol: ULRU
Group: Dicot
Family: Ulmaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ulmus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

G.G. Bates. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, KS. 1911. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. Usage Requirements .

W.J. Gardner. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OK, Witchita National Forest. 1902. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 627. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ULFU Ulmus fulva Michx.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Ulmaceae – Elm family
Genus Ulmus L. – elm
Species Ulmus rubra Muhl. – slippery elm

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine slippery elm Possibly Extirpated
Rhode Island slippery elm Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ULRU)
Flora of North America (ULRU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ULFU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ULRU)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (ULRU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (ULRU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ULRU)
Native Plants Network (ULRU)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ULRU)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ULRU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ULRU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ULRU)
Related Websites
AL-Auburn University Plant Identification (ULRU)
American Phytopathological Society-Dutch Elm Disease (ULRU)
CO-Colorado State University Extension (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULRU)
Canada-Alberta-Dutch Elm Disease (ULRU)
Canada-Saskatchewan Dutch Elm Disease Association (ULRU)
Forestry Images (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULRU)
IA-Dutch Elm Disease Pest Alert (ULRU)
IL-Illinois State Museum (ULRU)
KS-Dutch Elm Disease (ULRU)
LA-Louisiana Ecosystems (ULRU)
MN-Dutch Elm Disease Resistant Cultivars (ULRU)
MN-University of Minnesota Extension (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULRU)
NC-NCSU Plant Pathology Extension (ULRU)
NC-Plant Fact Sheets (ULRU)
NC-Trees, Shrubs, (ULRU)
ND-NDSU Dutch Elm Disease (ULRU)
NY-Cornell University (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULRU)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (ULRU)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (ULRU)
TX-Texas Native Plants Database (ULRU)
UK-Royal Horticultural Society (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULRU)
UK-The Microbial World (Dutch Elm Disease) (ULRU)
USDA FS Forest Health Protection (ULRU)
USDA FS-How To Identify And Manage Dutch Elm Disease (ULRU)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (ULRU)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (ULRU)
WI-Department of Natural Resources (ULRU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Ulmaceae | Ulmus

4. Ulmus rubra Muhlenberg, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 5: 169. 1793.

Slippery elm, orme rouge

Ulmus crispa Willdenow; U . fulva Michaux; U . pendula Willdenow; U . pubescens Walter

Trees , 18-35 m; crowns open. Bark brown to red, deeply and irregularly furrowed. Wood soft. Branches spreading; twigs gray, densely pubescent when young, glabrous with age. Buds obtuse; scales red, margins red-tomentose. Leaves: petiole 5-7 mm, pubescent. Leaf blade obovate to ovate, 8-16 × 5-7.5 cm, base oblique, margins doubly serrate in distal 1/2-3/4, singly serrate proximally, basal teeth 6 or fewer, rounded, less distinct, apex acuminate; surfaces abaxially tomentose, dense tufts of white hair in axils of major veins, adaxially harshly scabrous, trichomes pointed toward apex, margins ciliate. Inflorescences dense fascicles less than 2.5 cm, 8-20-flowered, flowers and fruits not pendulous, subsessile; pedicel 1-2 mm. Flowers: calyx green to reddish, shallowly lobed, lobes 5-9, reddish pubescent; stamens 5-9; anthers reddish; stigmas exserted, pink reddish. Samaras yellow to cream, suborbiculate, 12-18 mm diam., broadly winged, samaras pubescent on body only, rusty-tomentose, margins glabrous. Seeds thickened, not inflated. 2 n = 28.

Flowering late winter-early spring. Lower slopes, alluvial flood plains, stream banks, riverbanks, and wooded bottom lands; 0-600(-900) m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Scabrous-leaved Ulmus rubra is often confused with U . americana . Where ranges coincide, U . rubra may freely intergrade with Ulmus pumila Linnaeus, a widely introduced species.

The red-rust, mucilaginous inner bark of Ulmus rubra is distinctive; its sticky slime gives this tree its common name of slippery elm. Native American tribes used Ulmus rubra for a wide variety of medicinal purposes, including inducing labor, soothing stomach and bowels, treating dysentary, coughs, colds, and catarrhs, dressing burns and sores, and as a laxative (D. E. Moerman 1986). Various preparations utilizing it are still marketed.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ulmus+rubra+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Ulmus+rubra+&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 10
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ulmus rubra%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2569 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2570 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2571 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2572 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2573 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2574 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2575 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2576 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2577 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Ulmus rubra
Ulmus rubra
Red Elm, Slippery Elm
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2578 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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