D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Vespula austriaca (Panzer, 1799)
CUCKOO YELLOWJACKET
Vespa borealis; Smith; Vespa arborea; Vespa biloba; Schilling; Vespa infernalis; De saussure; Vespa tripunctata; Packard; Torre

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Vespoidea   Vespidae   Vespula

Vespula austriaca, face
© altered from Miller 1961by Grace Chen · 1
Vespula austriaca, face

Click on map for details about points.

Links
80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Vespula austriaca, male abdomen
© altered from Miller 1961by Grace Chen · 1
Vespula austriaca, male abdomen
Vespula austriaca, female abdomen
© altered from Miller 1961by Grace Chen · 1
Vespula austriaca, female abdomen

Vespula austriaca, distribution
© from Akre 1981 · 1
Vespula austriaca, distribution
Vespula austriaca, distribution
© Miller 1961 · 1
Vespula austriaca, distribution

Vespula austriaca
Adalbert Goertz · 1
Vespula austriaca
Overview
Akre, R.D., A. Greene, J.F. MacDonald, P.J. Landholt, and H.G. Davis. (1981). Yellowjackets of North America, North of Mexico. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. Handbook #552.


Vespula austriaca, a rarely collected species, is widespread throughout the Boreal Region of North America (fig. 46). An obligatory social parasite of Palearctic V. rufa, V. austriaca does not possess a worker caste and is dependent on host workers to rear its brood of new males and queens. Various workers (Carpenter and Pack-Beresford, 1903; Pack-Beresford, 1901; Sharp, 1903; Weyrauch, 19,97) described certain aspects of the biology of V. austriaca and its host V. rufa as summarized in Spradber (1973a). V. austriaca is sympatric with a number of potential V. rufa group hosts (Miller, 1961); however, our studies indicated that V. acadica was the most likely host. During the summer of 1978, two colonies of V. acadica, each with a V. austriaca queen, were collected in northern Idaho near the small town of Harvard. These are the first records of this social parasite being taken from nests of a Nearctic yellowjacket (Reed et al., 1979).



Reprinted with permission from: Miller, C.D.F. 1961 Taxonomy and Distribution of Nearctic Vespula. The Canadian Entomologist Supplement 22.


Diagnostic Characters
Color.—Black with yellow markings. Structure.—Neuter caste lacking; malar space less than half as long as the penultimate antennal segment; apical margin of the female clypeus much projecting with prominent raised lateral angles; extensor surface of hind tibiae bearing long erect hairs, scattered over the entire length (Fig. 5); male genitalia as in Fig. 14. Abdominal Color Patterns.—as in Figs. 42, 45. Facial Color Pattern.—as in Fig. 77.

This is a Holarctic species which, though widespread throughout the Boreal region of North America, is rare in comparison to most others.

Discussion
This species is relatively stable over its entire range. Ecological Notes.—In Europe this species has been recorded from nests of Vespula rufa (Linné.). So far it has never been taken from a nest of a Nearctic species, however, an examination of its range indicates that it could be parasitic on a number of species especially those which have close structural affinities to V. rufa. Further study of this species should reveal its parasitic habits here.

Identification
Yellow markings on the scape often appear narrow and their margins irregular.

Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Asteraceae  Taraxacum officinale @ I_ADG (1)

go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Updated: 2018-11-20 00:24:04 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation