Vicia caroliniana Walter
  Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Vicia

Vicia caroliniana, Wood Vetch
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Vicia caroliniana, Wood Vetch

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Vicia caroliniana, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vicia caroliniana, whole plant - in flower - general view

Vicia caroliniana, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vicia caroliniana, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Vicia caroliniana, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vicia caroliniana, stem - showing leaf bases

Vicia caroliniana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vicia caroliniana, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Vicia caroliniana, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Vicia caroliniana, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
15 thumbnails  •  slide show
IDnature guide
Scientific source:

Supported by
Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis pilosifrons @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora viciae @ BPI (2)
_  Ascochyta pisi @ BPI (1)

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Vicia caroliniana  Walt.

Vicia caroliniana plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - Erect, hollow, herbaceous, antrorse pubescent, slightly winged from decurrent leaf tissue, multiple from base, branching.

Leaves - Alternate, stipulate, even-pinnate. Stipules narrowly ovate, to 7mm long, 3mm broad, acute, antrorse pubescent. Leaflets alternate, short petiolulate (petiolules to 1mm long), linear-oblong to narrowly ovate, blunt to emarginate at apex, to 1.5cm long, 6mm broad, entire, rounded at the base, mostly glabrous above except at base, antrorse pubescent below. Terminal tendril branching, pilose.

Vicia caroliniana leaf

Inflorescence - Axillary peduncullate racemes to 8cm long. Rachis pilose. Pedicels to 1mm long. Flowers secund, +/-14 per raceme.

Vicia caroliniana plant

Flowers - Corolla pale pink, 7-8mm long, 4-5mm broad, glabrous. Wings and keel petals adnate. Keel petals apically fused, with purple spots at apex. Stamens diadelphous. Anthers yellow-orange, .3mm long. Ovary green, glabrous, 3.5mm long, slightly compressed. Style upcurved, 1.1mm long, glabrous. Fruit highly compressed, 4-5mm broad, 2cm long, glabrous. Calyx weakly bilabiate, 2mm long, pilose (especially in ventral 1/2). Bottom lip 3-toothed. Teeth triangular, .7mm long. Upper lip shallowly 2-lobed.

Vicia caroliniana flowers

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Acid soils on rocky slopes, rocky woods, ridges, streambanks.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This is a small plant which is common in the Ozark region of Missouri. This plant is smaller and erect than most other members of the genus in the state. Because the flowers are small, the plant is frequently overlooked.

Photographs taken at Big Spring State Park, Carter County, MO., 4-16-01.

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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Vicia caroliniana Walter
Carolina vetch

Image of Vicia caroliniana

General Information
Symbol: VICA2
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Vicia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Tracey Slotta. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, MI, Ann Arbor. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Lorton, Mason Neck State Park. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 410. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .



Symbol Scientific Name
VIHU Vicia hugeri Small


Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Vicia L. – vetch
Species Vicia caroliniana Walter – Carolina vetch

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
New Jersey Carolina wood vetch Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains UPL
Midwest UPL
Northcentral & Northeast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (VICA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VICA2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (VIHU)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (VICA2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (VICA2)
Native Plants Network (VICA2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (VICA2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (VICA2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (VICA2)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor Minor Minor


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover

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