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Xyrichtys mundiceps Gill, 1862
CAPE RAZORFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Labridae   Xyrichtys

Xyrichtys mundiceps
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Xyrichtys mundiceps

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Xyrichtys mundiceps
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Xyrichtys mundiceps
Xyrichtys mundiceps
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Xyrichtys mundiceps

Xyrichtys mundiceps
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Xyrichtys mundiceps
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • initial phase : pale brown + white belly and throat
  • terminal phase : blue lines - head and scales, tail fin base - black spot
Head profile very steep, curved, with fleshy keel at front; head large (head depth ~83% head length, head length 25% of total length); eye on upper 1/2 of head; body depth 23% of total length; jaws without rear canine teeth; head scaleless except for few scales below eye; dorsal fin IX,11, origin over middle of operculum, height of fin gradually increasing to middle of soft part; anal III,10, origin under last dorsal spine, ~uniform height; pectoral reaches to line through anus; pelvic strongly pointed, with first ray elongate; tail slightly convex; lateral line in 2 sections with 19 + 5 pored scales; male with steeper head profile and deeper body than female.

Female uniform pale brown. Male darker brown, with a narrow blue and violet vertical line on each scale, most distinct and broadest on tail base; a conspicuous black spot (larger than eye) at base of tail just above lateral line; three concentric blue lines on outer part of operculum, three narrow blue lines running down and forward from eye across cheek; lower jaw and lower side of head with blue stripes and lines, the one connecting angles of mouth broader than the others, fins pale.

Size: 15.9 cm.

Habitat: benthic on fine sand.

Depth: 5-27 m.

Central Gulf of California to central Mexico.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos).
Depth Range Max: 27 m.
Depth Range Min: 5 m.
Diet: zooplankton; mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; pelagic fish eggs.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=26; Southern limit=17; Western limit=-112; Eastern limit=-99; Latitudinal range=9; Longitudinal range=13.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only; Sand & gravel.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 15.9 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent only; Continent; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; Cortez + Mexican provinces endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Gill, T.N., 1862., Catalogue of the fishes of Lower California in the Smithsonian Institution, collected by Mr. J. Xantus. Part 1., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 14:140-151.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., Catalogue of the fishes collected by Mr. John Xantus at Cape San Lucas, which are now in the United States National Museum, with descriptions of eight new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):353-371.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Victor , B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2001., A review of the razorfishes (Perciformes: Labridae) of the eastern Pacific Ocean., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(Supplement 1):101-109.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Xyrichtys mundiceps   Gill, 1862

Cape razorfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Xyrichtys mundiceps   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Xyrichtys mundiceps (Cape razorfish) Xyrichtys mundiceps
Male picture by Victor, B.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Xyrichtyinae
Etymology: Xyrichtys: Greek, xyreo = that cuts like a knife + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 12 - 15 m (Ref. 46206 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Baja California, Mexico and Perlas Islands (Panama).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); 10.9 cm SL (female)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Max. length (Benjamin Victor, pers. comm., 2000).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall , 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

  Least Concern (LC)  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.2 - 29.1, mean 28 (based on 110 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.4   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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