Phacelia fimbriata M.
Author: Shawn Kuriger
Undergraduate Ecol 3500
University of Georgia
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Table of Contents:
The Phacelia fimbriata is also known as the Fringed Phacelia or the Fringed Scorpion-Weed.
- Class: Dicotyledonous ( Exogenous Plants)
embryo with two or more opposite cotyledons
- Subclass: Asteridae
- Order: Hydrophyllaceae
- Family: Hydrophyllaceae
The Family Hydrophyllaceae contains about 18 genera and at least species of plants. It consists of herbs and small shrubs.
- Genus: Phacelia
- Species: fimbriata
The following are defining characteristics of the P. fimbriata:
- Flowers: white to pale lilac about 1/2" (1.3 cm) wide; bell-shape corolla with 5 spreading fringed lobes (hence the common name Fringed Phacelia)
- Flowering: May-June
- Stem: week, about 6" tall with little hairs standing straight out
- Leaves: generally white with broad lobes, cut into 5-9 unequal blunt-tipped segments, about 2" (5 cm) long, the upper leaves are unstalked, lower ones stalked
- Habitat: rich woods and along streams in the mountains.
- Height: 8-16" (20-40 cm)
- Location (museum or herbarium) where deposited: There are some specimens of the P. fimbriata deposited at the University of Georgia herbarium. Most of the specimens are from Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia.
- Scientific reference: Miami-Mist P. Purshii
- Hafele East Tennessee Wildflowers: Purple Phacelia
Phacelia fimbriata (M.)
Continental United States; Canada
|Eastern North America:
United States east of Mississippi;
Ontario and easter Canada
|Southeastern United States:
AL AR DE DC FL GA KY MD NC TN VA WV
|Southern Appalachian States:
AL GA KY NC TN VA WV
and Bell, 1964)
|Coastal Plain||No||(Small 1933)|
|Blue Ridge Mountains||Yes||(Small 1933)|
and Sharp, 1970)
|Ridge and Valley||Yes||(Small 1933)|
|Cumberland Plateau||No||(Small 1933)|
|Clarke County,Georgia||NO||UGA Herbarium|
Phacelia, a native to North America and Andean South America,
is the largest genus of the Hydrophyllaceae family. Genus Phacelia
comes from the Greek phakelos "a fascicle" which refers
to the clustered flowers it produces. There are about 200
species within the Phacelia genus. This species was
cultivated as garden plants. Unlike the other species of
Phacelia, the P. fimbriata does not have an English
name. Scorpion-weed refers to the odor which smells like
the the inflorescence of the scorpion. This annual species
has nectar-rich flowers which attract bees and other other
How to Encounter:
Fringed Scorpion-weed grows in large beds within rich woods and
near streams in the mountains. The optimal time for viewing
the flower is between May and June. One location for
viewing this spring wildflower is the entrance to Chimney's
Campground in the Great Smoky Mountains. Another prime place to
spot the P. fimbriata is on the banks of the Watauga
Grandfather Mountain - Linville, NC - Fringed Phacelia
Campbell, Carlos C., William F. Hutson, Aaron J. Sharp. 1970. Great Smoky Mountains Wild Flowers. 3rd ED. The University of Tennesse Press. page 42.
Duncan, Wilbur H. and John T. Kartesz. 1981. Vascular Flora of Georgia. The Universtiy of Georgia Press. Athens, GA. page 109.
Gray, Asa M.D. 1848. The Botany of the Northern
United States. James Munroe & Co.
Grimm, William Carey. 1993. Wildflowers and Shrubs. Stackpole Books. pages 224-227.
Knopf, Alfred A. 1979. The Audubon Society Field to North American Flowers. William A. Niering & Nacy C. Olmstead. page 643.
Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Floraof the Carolinas. University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill, NC. pages 876-878.
Small, John Kunkel. 1933. Manual of the Southeastern Flora. John Kunkel Small. page 1098.
Steeve, Ed William, and Harol William Ricket. Wild
Flowers of the United States vol 2. McGraw-Hill Book
Co. New York. pages 416-417.