Pat Raven

Missouri Botanical Garden
P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, Mo 63166

Phone: 314-577-9595; Fax:314-577-9595; E-mail:

  • 1984
Ph.D., The Ohio State University, Landscape Horticulture
Committee Chairman; Dr. Jean Geisman
GPA 3.78/4.0
Advisor: Dr. R. Daniel Lineberger
  • 1979
M.Sc., North Carolina State University, Ornamental Horticulture
Committee Chairman: Dr. J.C. Raulston
GPA 3.88/4.0
Advisor: Dr. T.E. Bilderback
  • 1976
B.Sc., Queens College, Charlotte, NC, Biology, minor in Botany
GPA 3.3/4.0
Advisor: Dr. Janice C. Coffey.

Continued Education
  • 1995
College of Aeronautics, LaGuardia Airport, Queens, NY, Geographic Information Systems, ArcView
  • 1995
National Park Service, Caleb Smith State Park, Smithtown, NY, Intensive training program in technical care of historic structures
  • 1996
N.Y. State Office of Affirmative Action, Albany, NY, Challenges in Supervision and Management Interagency Training, 40 hours

Current Employment
  • 1994-present
    New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation; Long Island Region
    Strategic Planning and Program Development, Caumsett State Park, Lloyd Harbor, New York
Current assignment
  • July 1996-present
    Formerly the estate of Marshall Field, III, Caumsett is over 1,500 acres spanning Lloyd Neck from the harbor to the beach. On the National Register, the 45,000 square foot mansion was designed by John Russell Pope and the grounds include landscapes designed by Olmsted and Coffin. The park serves as a center for environmental education, serving 50,000 students and a quarter of a million patrons each year. Beginning a new era, this property is slated for major changes. I am involved in the creation of a friends group, a volunteer core, interpretive programming, and adaptive re-use plans for many buildings within the estate complex. Restoration of the Walled Garden, stabilization of the historic landscapes, development of a comprehensive flora database, and policy development for collections and accessions are planned. Management plans for endangered species are needed. Because agency funding is severely limited, fund raising is also critical. A capital campaign is needed. Interim Director and Strategic Planning, Bayard Cutting Arboretum, Oakdale, New York.
  • December 1995 to July 1996
    The grounds of Bayard Cutting Arboretum encompass 690 acres and include an original landscape by Frederick Law Olmsted, an arboretum with extensive collections of conifers and native plants, wildlife sanctuary, nature preserves and extensive waterfront. Westbrook Hall, centerpiece of the estate, is a 30,000 square foot Tudor Revival manor built by Bayard Cutting in 1886. The estate is on the National Register. This facility has a staff of 25 and annual attendance of 100,000 visitors.
    Responsibilities included:
    • Writing the Bayard Cutting Arboretum Facility Review & Management Plan.
    • Establishing a Review Committee with representation from the Trustees, horticulture groups, staff, local government and community members to build consensus for future park use.
    • Upgrading computer systems and preparing for GIS mapping system.
    • Increasing hours of operation and days of availability to the public.
    • Building a community network with the Islip Chamber of Commerce, Suffolk County Planning Commission, local governments, special interest groups and neighbors.
  • Assistant Director, Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park, Oyster Bay, New York.
    Planting Fields Arboretum State Historic Park is a 409 acre arboretum on the National Register. Coe Hall House Museum and 30 other buildings are set in a magnificent Olmsted Brothers landscape. Plant collections are extensive, with living collections numbering over 20,000. Planting Fields also maintains a large horticultural library and herbarium. The peak seasonal staffing level is 40. The intern program has two year-long positions plus six more for the summer.
    As Assistant Director, I served as the Chief Horticultural Officer for the facility and was directly responsible for the following:
    • Arboretum and Greenhouses
    • Staff Supervision & Management
    • Education Programs & Exhibits
    • Internship & Volunteer Programs
    • Media Contacts
    • Grant Writing & Budget Development
    • Capital Project Planning
    • Computer and Telephone Systems
    • Library and Herbarium
    • Historic Landscape Assessments
    Completed administrative projects, Planting Fields and regional activities included:
    • Stewardship Committee - Long Range Planning, Mission Statement Review Team, Landscape Committee Chairman
    • FOPF Board of Directors, ex officia - Budget and Finance Committee, Capital Projects Committee, Merger Committee
    • Fall Flower Show Committee
    • Regional Women's Council
    • Educational programs: Classes, workshops, field trips, tours
    • Developing the arboretum's first Management Plan and Operations Manual.
    • Special Projects with New York State Parks Commissioner Bernadette Castro.
    • IMS GOS Grant applications.
    • Expanding and upgrading the computer system.
    • Initiating the digitization of plant maps and garden designs.
    • Establishment of a computerized library data base.
    • Development of a position for a Volunteer Coordinator.
    • Working with professional interior designers to create the Dower House Showcase.
    • Supervising creation of new materials for visitor orientation and interpretation.
    • Planning renovation and planting of the historic Italian Pool Garden.

Employment History
  • 1990-94
Executive Director, Cape Fear Botanical Garden, Fayetteville, North Carolina
    First Director for a newly established botanical garden. Responsibilities included supervision of garden staff and volunteers, office management, budget preparation, and media contact. Other duties include membership development, volunteer recruitment, educational programming, community outreach, networking, and public promotion. Long-term garden development included strategic planning, grant writing and fund raising. I also:
    • Developed the garden's first Mission Statement and Procedures Manual.
    • Wrote the Volunteer Job Descriptions Manual and Case For Support for Capital Campaign.
    • Raised significant financial support for the garden through grant writing efforts.
    • Installed a computer system for clerical records, native plant inventory and accessions.
    • Established a library and library accessions systems.
    • Developed a significant labor pool using volunteers, civic groups, and service programs.
    • Fostered partnerships in the community including the Chamber of Commerce, Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, Arts Council, city, county, state and federal governments.
    • Worked with professional design team to develop theGarden Master Plan, design development documents, and to collect additional site analysis data.
    • Promoted land acquisition increasing the garden site from 67 to 85 acres.
    • Supervised development of first on-site office, nature trails, service areas, and gardens.
    • Coordinated a Domestic Action Request with the U.S. Army to survey and install a 100-meter internal grid system for plant mapping at an estimated retail value of $50,000.
    • Developed materials for interpretation including plant labels for display and accessions.
    • Developed comprehensive care plans for specimen trees and unique flora.
    • Started an organic material recycling program with Cumberland Co. Solid Waste Dept.
  • 1988-90
Interim Director Charlotte Botanical Garden Society, Charlotte, NC
    Planning of a new 150+ acre public garden. Involved in writing bylaws, articles of incorporation, seating of the first and subsequent board classes, site selection and analysis, master plan program document development, goal setting, volunteer recruitment and supervision, educational programming, community outreach, budget development, and public promotion.
  • 1986-90
Instructor, Central Piedmont Community College, Charlotte, NC
    Part-time, landscape and horticulture curriculum.
  • 1983-90
Partner, Carolina Garden Care, Charlotte, NC
    Originally involved in landscape design, installation, and management; became primarily design & consulting service. Extensive contract consulting for City of Charlotte Urban Forestry Program.
  • 1979-83
University Fellow, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    Graduate Research Associate in Tissue Culture, Teaching Associate.
  • 1977-79
Graduate Research Associate, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
    Teaching Associate.
  • 1976-77
Horticulturist, Callaway Gardens, Pine Mountain, Georgia
    Ida Cason Callaway Foundation, greenhouse and grounds.
  • 1975-76
Greenhouse Assistant, Queens College, Charlotte, NC

NC. Administrative and Professional Skills
  • General office and personnel management: graduate training in small business management; project management and supervision of subcontractors; supervision of office and grounds staff; management of up to 400 volunteers on one project; sales and marketing for landscape design and maintenance accounts.
  • Financial management: budget preparation; cost estimating for new projects; long-term maintenance cost projections; contract preparation and review; inventory control system development; general financial services including payroll, taxes, general banking, accounting and spreadsheets; employee benefits and scheduling.
  • Professional expertise: strong oral presentation skills; excellent organizational abilities; technical writing and grant preparation; fund raising and capital campaign development; newsletter editor and contributing author; program development; extensive computer experience (Windows 95, ArcView, GIS, WordPerfect, Excel, DOS, databases); quality photography and slide preparation; scientific illustration.

Academic Concentrations and Teaching History
  • Extensive instruction in Landscape and Ornamental Horticulture. Landscape training includes: plant materials, native plants, ornamental plants, graphics and design, crop production, greenhouse and nursery management, microclimates, and urban ecology.
  • Plant Science background: tissue culture, plant physiology, propagation, anatomy, nomenclature, taxonomy, growth and development, breeding and genetics, nutrition, soils, microbiology, economic botany, crop science, biochemistry, and field botany.
  • General background includes: graduate studies in business management, computer skills (see above), technical writing, botanical Latin and French.
  • Teaching history: Residential Landscaping; Home Horticulture; Plant Propagation; Integrated Pest Management; Nursery Management; Plant Tissue Culture.
  • Special interests: new garden design; historic landscapes; woody ornamentals, herbaceous perennials and groundcovers; native plants as ornamentals; new plant introductions; residential horticulture; horticultural education; visiting gardens, public and private.

Technical Skills and Experience
  • Planning and development experience includes: Master Plan development and implementation, strategic planning, all phases of landscape design and installation, site selection, site analysis and development, long-term management strategies for historic landscapes, specialized maintenance of historic structures.
  • Applied horticulture and botany: plant nutrition and soil fertility; general laboratory skills, integrated pest management; pesticide usage; greenhouse operations, propagation, and nursery management; plant taxonomy, nomenclature, accessions and inventory; ornamental use of native plants; natural plant communities and ecology.
  • Grounds management and maintenance: Plant cultural requirements and performance; historic and commercial grounds management; water quality, supply and irrigation; turf grass installation and management; small engine repair; operation of tractors and other equipment; basic plumbing, carpentry, and masonry.

Honors and Awards
  • 1993
Certificate of Appreciation, Cape Fear Botanical Garden
  • 1992
America The Beautiful Grant, N.C. Forest Service
  • 1992
Outstanding Community Service Award, Altrusa International
  • 1992
Certificate of Appreciation, Dogwood Festival Board
  • 1992
J. W. Pate Award, Cape Fear River Assembly
  • 1991
America The Beautiful Grant, N.C. Forest Service
  • 1991
Charlotte Botanical Garden Society, Honorary Life Member
  • 1990
Certificate of Appreciation, Mecklenburg County
  • 1989
First Place/Best in Show, Southern Spring Show
  • 1988
Certificate of Appreciation, Mayor, City of Charlotte
  • 1983
Gamma Sigma Delta, Agriculture Honor Fraternity
  • 1982
Sigma Xi, Science Honor Society
  • 1981
Phi Kappa Phi, Scholastic Honor Society
  • 1981
Sigma Delta Epsilon, Graduate Women in Science
  • 1979,1980
University Fellow, The Ohio State University
  • 1978
Pi Alpha Xi, Horticulture Honor Society; Pres., 1979
  • 1974-76
Dean's List, Queens College
  • 1974
Sigma Upsilon Literary Honor Fraternity; V.P., 1975
  • 1974
Creative Writing Award, Queens College

Memberships and Community Service
  • American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta (AABGA), Host Committee for 1997
  • National Meeting, Historic Landscapes Committee
  • National Association of Olmsted Parks
  • American Society for Horticultural Scienceul>
  • American Horticulture Society
  • Long Island Museums Association
  • Friends of Planting Fields Board of Directors, ex officia
  • NYSOPRHP Women's Council
  • Appearance Commission, elected to post by Fayetteville City Council
  • Pines of Carolinas Girl Scout Council Advisory Board
  • Public Art Committee, appointed by Fayetteville City Council
  • Cape Fear River Basin Environmental Fund Board
  • North Carolina Museums Council, Annual Meeting Host Committee
  • Fayetteville Chamber of Commerce, Gateway Development Committee, Metrovisions Committee
  • Northeast Quadrant Gateway Development Project and Gateway Planting Dig-Off Director
  • Mayor's Task Force, Hurricane Hugo, Volunteer Committee
  • The Park at the Square, Director for Park Project
  • Charlotte Botanical Garden Society, Charter Member, Board of Directors, Classes of 1989 and 1992, chaired Long Range Strategies and Education Committees
  • Discovery Place Rain Forest Exhibition Advisory Committee, Science Museums of Charlotte, Inc.
  • Horticulture Curriculum Advisory Committee, Central Piedmont Community College
  • Bloomin' Charlotte Committee, Central Charlotte Association

Articles and Technical Materials
  • Duncan-Grady, P.J. 1995. Planting Fields Arboretum Management Plan and Operational Concerns.
  • Duncan-Grady, P.J. 1994. Caumsett, The Marshall Field Estate: Adaptive Reuse Plan.
  • Duncan-Grady, P.J. 1994 to date. Contributing author for The Friends of Planting Fields Newsletter.
  • Grady, P.J.D. 1993. Cape Fear Botanical Garden Volunteer Job Description Manual.
  • Grady, P.J.D. 1993. Case for Support for "The Money Tree Capital Campaign" for Phase I Construction Goal of $900,000.00. Co-author of campaign brochure and supporting material.
  • Grady, P.J.D. 1991 to 1994. Contributing author for the Cape Fear Botanical Garden Newsletter. Brochure and map development.
  • Duncan-Grady, P.J. 1987 to 1991. Regular contributor to the Charlotte Botanical Garden Society, Inc. Newsletter and other CBGS publications.
  • Jenkins, Wanda, M.D., Ph.D. 1990. It Works! Exam Rooms With Picture Windows. OBG Management April, 1990: 52-55. Feature article on gardens for Dr. Jenkins designed and installed by P.J.D.G.

Publications and Abstracts
  • Duncan, P.J. 1984. In vitro Culture of Raphanus sativus. Dissertation. The Ohio State University Library.
  • Duncan, P.J. and T.E. Bilderback. 1982. Effects of Irrigation Systems, Gibberellic Acid, and Photoperiod on Seed Germination of Kalmia latifolia L. and Rhododendron maximum L. HortScience 17(6): 916.
  • Duncan, P.J. and R.D. Lineberger. 1982. In vitro Responses of Raphanus sativus L. to Exogenous Auxin and Cytokinin Combinations. HortScience 17(3): 531.
  • Duncan, P.J. and R.D. Lineberger. 1981. Endophytic Bacterial Contamination in Radish Hypocotyl Tissue. HortScience 16(3): 432.
  • Duncan, P.J. and T.E. Bilderback. 1979. Seed Germination of Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum. HortScience 14(2): 132.
  • Duncan, P.J. 1979. Seed Propagation of Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum. Masters Thesis. N.C.S.U. Library.
  • Duncan, P.J. and T.E. Bilderback. 1978. Comparison of Three Gibberellin Treatments on Seed Germination of Kalmia latifolia and Rhododendron maximum. Proceedings of the Southern Nurserymen's Association Research Conference. 23rd Annual Report: 172.REFERENCES

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