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Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
EASTERN PURPLE CONEFLOWER
Coneflower

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Echinacea

Echinacea purpurea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Echinacea purpurea

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Echinacea purpurea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Echinacea purpurea
Echinacea purpurea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, pollen
Echinacea purpurea, Flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, Flower

Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view

Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, whole plant - in flower - general view
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, stem - showing leaf bases
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Echinacea purpurea, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ I_LKD (1); I_PDA (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ I_JSA (2)

Melissodes bimaculata @ I_PDA (1)

Melissodes @ I_LKD (1)

Svastra obliqua @ I_CEH (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ I_HHGA (2)
Hesperiidae  Epargyreus clarus @ I_JSA (1)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench. - Purple Cone Flower

Echinacea purpurea plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To -2m tall, herbaceous, hirsute to sparsely pubescent, branching.

Echinacea purpurea stem

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate, 1.5-5 times longer than broad, to +10cm broad, lanceolate to ovate, serrate, very sparsely pubescent to pubescent, reduced towards apex of stem and becoming sessile. Base of blades abrupt to the petiole.

Inflorescence - Single flower head terminating stem.

Involucre - Imbricate. Phyllaries lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, recurving and merging with receptacle chaff.

Echinacea purpurea involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Ligules pinkish-purple, to 8cm long, spreading at first and then slightly reflexed, slightly notched (toothed) at apex.

Disk flowers - Corolla tubular, to 6mm long, deep red to purplish-brown. Achenes to -5mm long. Pappus a small toothed crown. Receptacle conic, with chaff equaling or longer than disk florets.

Echinacea purpurea flowers

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Open woodland, low woods.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - The genus is actually named for a small, spiny, omnivorous mammal of Europe, Asia and Africa called the "Hedgehog" ( Erinaceus sp. ). The spines of the hedgehog are reminiscent of the receptacle chaff of the plants.
This is a very popular plant for gardening and for medicinal purposes. It grows well from seed and is found in many commercial seed mixes.
Typical plants have purple ray ligules. Plants with white rays can be found in cultivation and very rarely in the wild.

Photographs taken in Brown Summit, NC., 7-10-02.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 21 Page 88, 91 , 92 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Echinacea

6. Echinacea purpurea (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus. 591. 1794.

Eastern purple coneflower

Rudbeckia purpurea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 907. 1753

Plants 50—120 cm (roots fibrous). Herbage usually hairy (hairs spreading to ascending, to 2 mm), sometimes glabrous. Stems usually brownish green. Basal leaves: petioles 0—17(—25) cm; blades 3- or 5-nerved, ovate to narrowly lanceolate, 5—30 × (1—)5—12 cm, bases usually rounded to cordate, margins usually serrate to dentate, rarely entire. Peduncles 8—25 cm. Phyllaries linear to lanceolate, 8—17 × 1—8 mm. Receptacles: paleae 9—15 mm, tips red-orange, straight or slightly curved, sharp-pointed. Ray corollas pink to purple, laminae spreading to recurved, 30—80 × 7—19 mm, sparsely hairy abaxially. Discs conic, 14—45 × 20—40 mm. Disc corollas 4.5—5.7 mm, lobes greenish to pink or purple. Cypselae off-white, 3.5—5 mm, usually glabrous (ray cypselae sometimes hairy on angles); pappi ca. 1.2 mm (teeth equal). 2 n = 22.

Flowering late spring—summer. Rocky, open woods, thickets, prairies, especially near waterways; 10—400+ m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Tenn., Tex., Wis.

Echinacea purpurea is introduced in Ontario. It and cultivars derived from it are extensively grown ornamentals in gardens, wildflower roadside plantings, and prairie restoration sites. Because of its popularity as an herbal remedy, it is also grown commercially. As a result of such activities, naturalized and persisting populations may extend the natural range of E. purpurea . Selections used for such plantings may differ from native forms.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Echinacea+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Echinacea+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Echinacea+purpurea&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-12-17 05:24:46 gmt
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