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Linaria vulgaris Mill.
COMMON TOADFLAX
Butter and eggs; Yellow Toadflax; Wild Snapdragon, Butter and Eggs, Ramsted, Flaxweed, Impudent Lawyer, Eggs and Bacon, Jacobs Ladder

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Scrophulariaceae   Linaria

Linaria vulgaris, Butter-in-eggs
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Linaria vulgaris, Butter-in-eggs

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Linaria vulgaris
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma linariae @ BPI (3)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ RMBL_ENT (4)

Bombus appositus @ BBSL (15)

Bombus balteatus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus bifarius @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Bombus californicus @ BBSL (7)

Bombus centralis @ DART_ENT (1); BBSL (7)

Bombus flavifrons @ BBSL (39); RMBL_ENT (2)

Bombus griseocollis @ BBSL (1)

Bombus huntii @ BBSL (14)

Bombus insularis @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Bombus jonellus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus mixtus @ DART_ENT (2); BBSL (1)

Bombus morrisoni @ BBSL (3)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL (3)

Bombus sonorus @ BBSL (8)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes confusa @ DART_ENT (1); RMBL_ENT (2)
Colletidae  Hylaeus episcopalis @ RMBL_ENT (2)

Hylaeus modestus @ DART_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Phlyctema vagabunda @ BPI (1)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma linariae @ BPI (69)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum vermicularioides @ BPI (11)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)
Helotiaceae  Heteropatella lacera @ BPI (3)

Heterosphaeria linariae @ 674380B (1); 674380A (1); BPI (12); 674376B (1); 674376A (1)

Heterosphaeria patella @ BPI (2)
Melanotaeniaceae  Melanotaenium caulium @ BPI (2)

Melanotaenium cingens @ BPI (3)
Miridae  Blepharidopterus diaphanus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Didymaria linariae @ BPI (11)

Mycosphaerella crebra @ BPI (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora flava @ BPI (4)

Peronospora linariae @ BPI (6)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium fallax @ BPI (2)
Typhulaceae  Typhula micans @ BPI (1)
_  Pseudodiscosia @ BPI (1)

Schinzia linariae @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Linaria vulgaris P. Mill. Butter-and-eggs
Plantaginaceae — Plantain family
Non-native
Linaria vulgaris
June 2003

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Linaria vulgaris  Hill - Butter and Eggs

Linaria vulgaris plant

Family - Scrophulariaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Linaria vulgaris stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Linaria vulgaris flower Flower close-up.

Flowering - May - November.

Habitat - Fields, pastures, wasteground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This weedy but showy species can be found scattered throughout Missouri. This is a simple species to identify as nothing else in our flora looks like it. The thin leaves and spurred flowers are good characters for an identification. The plant is very popular in cultivation and grows easily from seed.
The leaves of this species can appear opposite as well as alternate.

Photographs taken in Marquette, MI., 9-10-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU2
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU2

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linaria+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linaria+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Linaria+vulgaris&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-12-16 05:43:50 gmt
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