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Linaria vulgaris Mill.
COMMON TOADFLAX
Butter and eggs; Yellow Toadflax; Wild Snapdragon, Butter and Eggs, Ramsted, Flaxweed, Impudent Lawyer, Eggs and Bacon, Jacobs Ladder

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Scrophulariaceae   Linaria

Linaria vulgaris, Butter-in-eggs
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Linaria vulgaris, Butter-in-eggs

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Linaria vulgaris
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 4
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Mel Harte 2010 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2115 · 3
Linaria vulgaris

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Anthophora terminalis @ RMBL_ENT (4)

Bombus appositus @ BBSL (15)

Bombus balteatus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus bifarius @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Bombus californicus @ BBSL (7)

Bombus centralis @ BBSL (7); DART_ENT (1)

Bombus flavifrons @ BBSL (39); RMBL_ENT (2)

Bombus griseocollis @ BBSL (1)

Bombus huntii @ BBSL (14)

Bombus insularis @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Bombus jonellus @ BBSL (1)

Bombus mixtus @ BBSL (1); DART_ENT (2)

Bombus morrisoni @ BBSL (3)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL (3)

Bombus sonorus @ BBSL (8)

Bombus vagans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes confusa @ DART_ENT (1); RMBL_ENT (2)
Colletidae  Hylaeus episcopalis @ RMBL_ENT (2)

Hylaeus modestus @ DART_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ RMBL_ENT (1)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (1)
Miridae  Blepharidopterus diaphanus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Linaria vulgaris P. Mill. Butter-and-eggs
Plantaginaceae — Plantain family
Non-native
Linaria vulgaris
June 2003

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Linaria vulgaris  Hill - Butter and Eggs

Linaria vulgaris plant

Family - Scrophulariaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Linaria vulgaris stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Flowers - No info. yet.

Linaria vulgaris flower Flower close-up.

Flowering - May - November.

Habitat - Fields, pastures, wasteground, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This weedy but showy species can be found scattered throughout Missouri. This is a simple species to identify as nothing else in our flora looks like it. The thin leaves and spurred flowers are good characters for an identification. The plant is very popular in cultivation and grows easily from seed.
The leaves of this species can appear opposite as well as alternate.

Photographs taken in Marquette, MI., 9-10-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LIVU2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIVU2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIVU2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=LIVU2
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Linaria vulgaris Mill.
butter and eggs

Image of Linaria vulgaris

General Information
Symbol: LIVU2
Group: Dicot
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Linaria thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Manassas. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 177. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
LILI6 Linaria linaria (L.) Karst., nom. inval.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Scrophulariales
Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family
Genus Linaria Mill. – toadflax
Species Linaria vulgaris Mill. – butter and eggs

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Idaho yellow toadflax Noxious weed
Montana yellow toadflax Category 1 noxious weed
Nevada yellow toadflax Noxious weed
New Mexico yellow toadflax Class A noxious weed
Oregon yellow toadflax "B" designated weed yellow toadflax Quarantine
South Dakota yellow toadflax Regulated non-native plant species
Washington yellow toadflax Class C noxious weed
Wyoming yellow toadflax Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Linaria vulgaris Jacob's ladder butter and eggs flaxweed ramsted wild snapdragon yellow toadflax This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (LIVU2)
CalPhotos (LIVU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LILI6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (LIVU2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (LIVU2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (LIVU2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (LIVU2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (LIVU2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (LIVU2)
Related Websites
CO-CSU Extension Fact Sheet (LIVU2)
CO-Douglas County Weed Education (LIVU2)
CalFlora: database occurrence (LIVU2)
Idaho One Plan: noxious abstract & images (LIVU2)
NV-Extension Weed Wanted Posters (LIVU2)
Southwest School of Botanical Medicine: illustration (LIVU2)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (LIVU2)
WA-King County Noxious Weeds (LIVU2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 55
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Linaria vulgaris%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 8253 3202 4138 0018 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0089 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0088 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0083 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0091 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0084 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 8253 3202 4138 0019 [detail]
J. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0085 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 8120 3181 4565 0056 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Yellow Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0304 0412 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0087 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0082 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0090 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 6105 1651 0976 0086 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Yellow Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0304 0414 [detail]
2004 Nick Kurzenko

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0458 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0206 1116 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0206 1118 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0206 1119 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Common Toadflax
ID: 0000 0000 0206 1121 [detail]
© 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2333 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0882 [detail]
© 2006 Steven Thorsted

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Butter And Eggs
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2212 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Linaria vulgaris
Linaria vulgaris
Butter And Eggs
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2213 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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