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Oenothera biennis L.
COMMON EVENING-PRIMROSE
Oenothera novae-scotiae RR Gates; Common evening primrose; Field Primrose; Tree Primrose; Willow Herb; Night Willow Herb; Fever Plant; Coffee Plant

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Onagraceae   Oenothera

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Oenothera biennis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 8
Oenothera biennis, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 8
Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 7
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 7
Oenothera biennis, Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis, Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis
Oenothera biennis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Oenothera biennis

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma herbarum @ BPI (1)

Phoma infuscans @ BPI (3)
Aphididae  Anoecia oenotherae @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Anoecia setariae @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); NCSU_ENT (14); CSUC_TCN (7)

Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (9); AMNH_PBI (3)
Apidae  Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Berytidae  Jalysus wickhami @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Jalysus @ MEMU_ENT (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia natalensis @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella oenotherae @ BPI (2)
Cicadellidae  Agallia @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Empoasca ( @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Scaphytopius ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ 656197C (1); 656201A (1); 656201B (1); 656199A (1); 656199B (1); 656197A (1); 656197B (1); 656199C (1); BPI (13)

Mollisia acericola @ BPI (1)

Mollisia astericola @ BPI (2)

Mollisia atrata @ BPI (2)

Mollisia atrocinerea @ BPI (2)

Pilidium concavum @ BPI (1)
Didymosphaeriaceae  Didymosphaeria brunneola @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria gaurina @ BPI (4)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe communis @ BPI (4)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (23)
Halictidae  Agapostemon sericeus @ I_JSA (1)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum oenotherae @ I_JSA (1)
Helotiaceae  Pezizella lythri @ 655923A (1); 655923B (1); 655923C (1)

Pezizella oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Lophiostomataceae  Lophionema vermisporum @ BPI (2)

Lophiostoma vagabundum @ BPI (2)
Miridae  Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Polymerus basalis @ MEMU_ENT (3); AMNH_PBI (1)

Pseudatomoscelis seriatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora oenotherae @ 439008B (1); 439008A (1); BPI (3); 439008C (1)

Didymella tosta @ BPI (1)

Mycosphaerella oenotherae @ BPI (2)

Septoria oenotherae @ BPI (170); 382659B (1); 382659C (1); 382659A (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora arthurii @ BPI (102)
Pezizaceae  Peziza oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria capsularum @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaeria subconica @ BPI (8)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia asterum @ BPI (1)

Puccinia dioicae @ BPI (9)

Puccinia epilobii-tetragoni @ BPI (11)

Puccinia epilobii @ BPI (4)

Puccinia extensicola @ BPI (60)

Puccinia peckii @ BPI (18)

Uromyces capensis @ BPI (1)

Uromyces plumbarius @ BPI (35)
Stictidaceae  Schizoxylon berkeleyanum @ BPI (4)
Synchytriaceae  Synchytrium brownii @ BPI (1)

Synchytrium fulgens @ BPI (19)

Synchytrium oenotherae @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium scutula @ BPI (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia dematium @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium epilobii @ BPI (2)

Aecidium oenotherae @ BPI (10)
Valsaceae  Cryptoderis misella @ BPI (2)
_  Dendrographium murinum @ BPI (1)

Leptothyrium protuberans @ BPI (4)

Leptothyrium vulgare @ BPI (2)

Melanops @ BPI (1)

Placosphaeria oenotherae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeronaema corneum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=3&page=964

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Oenothera biennis L. Biennial Evening-primrose
Onagraceae — Evening Primrose family
Native
Oenothera biennis
Carousel Farm Park
July 2000 Oenothera biennis
Could be O. parviflora Tri-State Bird Rescue
May 2016

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Oenothera biennis  L. - Evening Primrose

Oenothera biennis plant

Family - Onagraceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Oenothera biennis stem

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Oenothera biennis inflorescence

Flowers - No info. yet.

Oenothera biennis calyx Calyx.

Oenothera biennis flower

Flowering - June - October.

Habitat - Fields, prairies, glades, thickets, waste ground, disturbed sites, cultivated areas, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species is very common in Missouri and can be found throughout the state. The flowers open at dusk and close when hit by strong sunlight. They are mostly pollinated by moths. O. biennis is a very variable plant with respect to pubescence on the stem and flower parts. Steyermark breaks the Missouri material into 4 varieties based on pubescence. I wont go into those here as they are no longer valid.

Photographs taken in Marquette, MI., 7-27-02 and in the Ozark Scenic Riverways, Shannon County, MO., 8-17-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Myrtales  
 Family Onagraceae  
 Genus Oenothera  
  Oenothera biennis    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Oenothera biennis caeciarum Oenothera biennis centralis Oenothera biennis pycnocarpa Oenothera muricata Oenothera pycnocarpa   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 964, 1993; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 203793
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OEBI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OEBI
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OEBI

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Oenothera+biennis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Oenothera+biennis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Oenothera+biennis&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

Updated: 2017-11-24 20:45:31 gmt
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