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Podophyllum peltatum L.
MAYAPPLE
Mandrake; Maypop

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Berberidaceae   Podophyllum

Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 10
Podophyllum peltatum, Mayapple

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Podophyllum peltatum, May Apple
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Podophyllum peltatum, May Apple
Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum

Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum

Podophyllum peltatum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, inflorescence - frontal view of flower

Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit

Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in fruit

Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, fruit - juvenile
Podophyllum peltatum, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Podophyllum peltatum, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, stem - showing leaf bases
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Podophyllum peltatum, whole plant - in flower - general view
Names
Scientific source:

Geographic distribution
This species has not yet been officially reported in the park.

Supported by

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta podophylli @ BPI (48)

Phyllostictina podophylli @ BPI (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Gibellula @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Discohainesia oenotherae @ BPI (1)

Gloeosporium podophyllinum @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella @ BPI (1)

Septoria podophyllina @ BPI (53)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium podophylli @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia podophylli @ 092331B (1); 092278B (1); 092331A (1); 092278A (1); BPI (658); 092056B (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (2)

Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)

Septotinia podophyllina @ BPI (12)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena pulicaria @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia podophylli @ BPI (2)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium podophylli @ BPI (5)

Aecidium @ BPI (1)
_  Caeoma podophyllatum @ BPI (1)

Septogloeum podophyllinum @ BPI (7)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Podophyllum peltatum L. Mayapple
Berberidaceae — Barberry family
Native
Podophyllum peltatum
Brandywine Creek State Park
May 2005 Podophyllum peltatum
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
April 2013 Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum
Deer damage? Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2013 Podophyllum peltatum
Killens Pond State Park
May 2013

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Podophyllum peltatum L.

Mayapple

Podophyllum peltatum plant

Family - Berberidaceae

Stems - To 40cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabrous, from rhizomes, simple. Plants colonial.

Leaves - Typically two per plant, opposite and terminating stem, petilolate, peltate. Petioles to +/-8cm long, glabrous. Blade orbicular in outline, typically 5-9-lobed. Lobes entire to coarse serrate, often divided at apex, glabrous, obovate.

Podophyllum peltatum leaf

Inflorescence - Single flower from between leaf petioles and terminating stem, only one per plant. Pedicel to +/-4cm long, 3-4mm in diameter at anthesis, glabrous.

Flowers - Petals white or with a pinkish tinge, 6 to 9, to 3.5cm long, 2.7cm broad, glabrous, entire, obovate. Stamens typically twice as many as the petals, erect. Filaments to 5mm long, white, 2mm wide. Anthers 1cm long, yellow. Ovary glabrous, superior, 7-8mm in diameter, 1.1cm long, cylindric, slightly contracted at both ends, unilocular. Placentation parietal. Stigma sessile, globose. Sepals 6, green, glabrous, orbicular to broadly ovate, falling very early. Berry to 5cm in diameter, yellowish when ripe.

Podophyllum peltatum flower Flower.

Podophyllum peltatum fruit Fruit.

Flowering - March - May.

Habitat - Low woods, open woods, thickets, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - The first sighting of Podophyllum leaves is a good indicator that spring is arriving as the plant is one of the first to bloom in the new year. The flowers only last a day or two. The fruits develop slowly and become ripe around August. The fruit is edible when ripe and can be eaten raw, but it is better when cooked. The leaves, stem, and rhizomes of the plant are toxic. The plant was used by indians to treat parasites, syphilis, jaundice, and other ailments. Recently, synthetics of the plants substances have been used in cancer research. Some people have allergic reactions to handling the rhizomes as they contain the allergenic compound Podophyllin.
The description above is for form peltatum . Another form, form deamii Raymond , has pink to purplish petals, a deep purple ovary, and maroon fruits. This from is rare.

Photographs taken at Leawood City Park, Leawood, Kansas, 4-2-00, and in Brown Summit, NC., 7-14-02 and 4-20-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=POPE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POPE
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POPE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=POPE
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Podophyllum peltatum L.
mayapple

Image of Podophyllum peltatum

General Information
Symbol: POPE
Group: Dicot
Family: Berberidaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Podophyllum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2002. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

Clarence A. Rechenthin. Provided by USDA NRCS East Texas PMC (ETPMC) . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Prince William Co., Dale City. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 130. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Berberidaceae – Barberry family
Genus Podophyllum L. – mayapple
Species Podophyllum peltatum L. – mayapple

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Florida mayapple Endangered

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (POPE)
CalPhotos (POPE)
Flora of North America (POPE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (POPE)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (POPE)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (POPE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (POPE)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (POPE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (POPE)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (POPE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 3 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Berberidaceae | Podophyllum

1. Podophyllum peltatum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753.

May-apple, Indian-apple, wild-mandrake, pomme de mai, podophylle pelt

Rhizomes: annual elongation increments (2-)6-20 cm. Leaves of nonflowering shoots 2-5 dm; blade 18-38 × 18-38 cm. Flowering shoots 3-6 dm; leaves nearly opposite, slightly unequal in size; petioles 5-15 cm; proximal blades 10-35 × 14-40 cm, distal blades 6-25 × 10-33 cm. Leaf blades 5-7(-9)-parted, parts lobed or not (frequently 2-lobed), margins entire or coarsely dentate, teeth apiculate; surfaces abaxially sparsely pubescent to glabrous. Flowers solitary, nodding, fragrant; peduncle arising from angle between petioles, 1.5-6 cm; sepals orbiculate, 10-18 × 10-18 mm; petals white, rarely pink, obovate, 15-35 × 10-25 mm; stamens 2 times number of petals, 8-13 mm; filaments 3-5 mm; anthers 5-8 × 1-1.5 mm; ovaries 6-12 × 4-8 mm; style 1-2 mm; stigmas 3-6 mm. Berries yellow, rarely orange or maroon, 3.5-5.5 × 2.0-4 cm. Seeds 30-50, ovoid, 6-8 × 4-6 mm. 2 n = 12.

Flowering spring, fruiting late spring-summer; summer deciduous. Mixed deciduous forest, fields, moist road banks, river banks; 50-800 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

The following forms have been described:

Podophyllum peltatum forma aphyllum Plitt--fertile shoots with no foliage leaves; Podophyllum peltatum forma biltmoreanum Steyermark--fruits orange; Podophyllum peltatum forma deamii Raymond--fruits and seeds maroon, and flowers, placentae, and plant axes pink-tinged; Podophyllum peltatum forma polycarpum (Clute) Plitt--flowers with multiple, free carpels.

The ripe fruit of Podophyllum peltatum is considered edible; all other parts of the plant are toxic. Several lignans and their glycosides, present in the resin extracted from rhizomes and roots, exhibit antitumor activity. Etoposide, a semisynthetic derivative of one of the lignans, is currently used in the treatment of small-cell lung cancer and testicular cancer (P. M. Dewick 1983). Native Americans used Podophyllum for a wide variety of medicinal purposes and as an insecticide (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Podophyllum peltatum is sometimes cultivated in woodland gardens, and some populations on the periphery of its geographical range may be escapes from cultivation.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Podophyllum+peltatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Podophyllum+peltatum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 32
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Podophyllum peltatum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0781 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0803 0467 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0783 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0803 0466 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0782 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple, Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1753 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple, Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1754 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple, Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1755 [detail]
© 2005 Lisa Powers

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2560 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2561 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2562 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2563 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1010 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1011 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May Apple
ID: 0000 0000 0407 1012 [detail]
© 2007 Matt Below

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0708 0848 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E.Willand

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple
ID: 0000 0000 0708 0849 [detail]
© 2008 Jason E.Willand

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0466 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0467 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0468 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0610 0469 [detail]
© 2010 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1099 [detail]
© 2011 Louis-M. Landry

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May-apple, Wild Mandrake
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2424 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Podophyllum peltatum
Podophyllum peltatum
May-apple, Wild Mandrake
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2425 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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Updated: 2018-06-24 13:34:12 gmt
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