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Pinus echinata Mill.
SHORTLEAF PINE
Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

Pinus echinata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus echinata

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Pinus echinata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus echinata
Pinus echinata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Pinus echinata

Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk
Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree

Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, bark - of a large tree
Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, whole tree - view up trunk

Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig
Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, leaf - showing orientation on twig

Pinus echinata, leaf - entire needle
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, leaf - entire needle
Pinus echinata, twig - after fallen needles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, twig - after fallen needles

Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open

Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Pinus echinata, cone - female - mature open

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia acicola @ BPI (1)
Annulatascaceae  Ceratostomella capillifera @ BPI (3)

Ceratostomella ips @ BPI (14)

Ceratostomella minor @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella obscura @ 595477B (1); BPI (1); 595477A (1)

Ceratostomella pilifera @ BPI (12)

Ceratostomella pini @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella pluriannulata @ BPI (2)

Ceratostomella schrenkiana @ BPI (13)
Aphididae  Eulachnus rileyi @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Schizolachnus parvus @ NCSU (5)
Biatorellaceae  Biatorella resinae @ BPI (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella pinastri @ BPI (1)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium @ BPI (1)
Ceratocystidaceae  Ceratocystis ips @ BPI (4)
Chaetomiaceae  Chaetomium fusiforme @ BPI (1)

Chaetomium @ BPI (3)
Chrysothricaceae  Chrysothrix xanthina @ GAL (1); I_TQST (6)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium carneum @ BPI (76)

Coleosporium delicatulum @ BPI (10)

Coleosporium elephantopodis @ BPI (12)

Coleosporium helianthi @ BPI (2)

Coleosporium inconspicuum @ BPI (27)

Coleosporium ipomoeae @ BPI (122)

Coleosporium pinicola @ BPI (12)

Coleosporium solidaginis @ BPI (67)

Coleosporium terebinthinaceae @ BPI (21)

Coleosporium vernoniae @ BPI (43)
Coreidae  Leptoglossus corculus @ NCSU (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium berkeleyi @ BPI (2)

Corticium bombycinum @ BPI (1)

Corticium cremoricolor @ BPI (1)

Corticium galactinum @ BPI (4)
Coryneliaceae  Caliciopsis pinea @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (29)

Cronartium comandrae @ BPI (1)

Cronartium comptoniae @ BPI (4)

Cronartium filamentosum @ BPI (1)

Cronartium fusiforme @ BPI (1)

Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (3)

Peridermium carneum @ BPI (6)

Peridermium helianthi @ BPI (1)

Peridermium ipomoeae @ BPI (2)

Peridermium terebinthinaceae @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Atropellis tingens @ BPI (20)

Atropellis @ BPI (2)

Gloeosporium @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Acutaspis perseae @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Chionaspis pinifoliae @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Echinosteliaceae  Echinostelium minutum @ BPI (1)
Entolomataceae  Claudopus nidulans @ BPI (1)
Ganodermataceae  Ganoderma tsugae @ BPI (1)
Gyalectaceae  Coenogonium pineti @ I_GBP (1)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium @ BPI (1)

Pezizella minuta @ BPI (1)

Tympanis pithya @ BPI (1)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus ellisiana @ BPI (3)
Lachnocladiaceae  Vararia pallescens @ BPI (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora strobilina @ GAL (3)
Lygaeidae  Neopamera bilobata @ NCSU (1)
Marasmiaceae  Armillaria mellea @ BPI (1)
Meliolaceae  Asteridiella pinicola @ BPI (2)
Meruliaceae  Merulius ambiguus @ BPI (3)

Merulius lacrimans @ BPI (1)
Microascaceae  Graphium aureum @ 448697A (1); 448697B (1); BPI (1)

Graphium penicillioides @ BPI (2)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus cecilsmithi @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris appalachianus @ NCSU (1)

Phoenicocoris rostratus @ NCSU_ENT (6)

Pilophorus heidemanni @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Pilophorus laetus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pilophorus tibialis @ AMNH_PBI (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria acicola @ BPI (2)

Septoria @ 375939A (1); 375939B (1)
Orbiliaceae  Orbilia @ BPI (1)
Papilionidae  Graphium atrovirens @ BPI (1)
Paxillaceae  Paxillus panuoides @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora gigantea @ BPI (2)

Peniophora setigera @ BPI (1)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium pinicola @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (1)

Fomes annosus @ BPI (4)

Fomes pini @ BPI (14)

Lenzites saepiaria @ BPI (6)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (6)

Polyporus amorphus @ BPI (2)

Polyporus fibrillosus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus palustris @ BPI (2)

Polyporus pargamenus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (1)

Polyporus tenuis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus velutinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus @ BPI (2)

Poria cinerascens @ BPI (1)

Poria ferrugineofusca @ BPI (1)

Poria hibernica @ BPI (1)

Poria ornata @ BPI (1)

Poria subacida @ BPI (6)

Poria subavellanea @ BPI (1)

Poria vaporaria @ BPI (1)

Poria @ BPI (1)

Trametes carbonaria @ BPI (1)

Trametes odorata @ BPI (1)

Trametes pini @ BPI (1)

Trametes protracta @ BPI (1)
Rhizopogonaceae  Rhizopogon parasiticus @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Elytroderma deformans @ BPI (1)

Hypoderma hedgcockii @ BPI (14)

Hypoderma lethale @ BPI (33)

Lophodermium australe @ 651427B (1); 651426A (1); 651427A (1); 651426B (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (6)

Lophodermium @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia furfurella @ BPI (1)
Stereocaulaceae  Lepraria friabilis @ I_GBP (1)
_  Cadophora @ BPI (1)

Hormiscium gelatinosum @ BPI (2)

Torula marginata @ BPI (1)

Zythia resinae @ BPI (1)

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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Pinaceae | Pinus

19. Pinus echinata Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Pinus no. 12. 1768.

Shortleaf pine

Trees to 40m; trunk to 1.2m diam., straight; crown rounded to conic. Bark red-brown, scaly-plated, plates with evident resin pockets. Branches spreading-ascending; 2-year-old branchlets slender (ca. 5mm or less), greenish brown to red-brown, often glaucous, aging red-brown to gray, roughened and cracking below leafy portion. Buds ovoid to cylindric, red-brown, 0.5--0.7(--1)cm, resinous. Leaves 2(--3) per fascicle, spreading-ascending, persistent 3--5 years, (5--)7--11(--13)cm ´ ca. 1mm, straight, slightly twisted, gray- to yellow-green, all surfaces with fine stomatal lines, margins finely serrulate, apex abruptly acute; sheath 0.5--1(--1.5)cm, base persistent. Pollen cones cylindric, 15--20mm, yellow- to pale purple-green. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, semipersistent, solitary or clustered, spreading, symmetric, lanceoloid or narrowly ovoid before opening, ovoid-conic when open, 4--6(--7)cm, red-brown, aging gray, nearly sessile or on stalks to 1cm, scales lacking contrasting dark border on adaxial surfaces distally; umbo central, with elongate to short, stout, sharp prickle. Seeds ellipsoid; body ca. 6mm, gray to nearly black; wing 12--16mm. 2 n =24.

Uplands, dry forests; 200--610m; Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Although Pinus echinata is highly valued for timber and pulpwood, it is afflicted by root rot. It hybridizes with P . taeda , the pine most commonly associated with it.

Updated: 2024-05-25 10:55:21 gmt
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