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Hesperis matronalis L.
DAMES-VIOLET
Dames rocket

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Hesperis

Hesperis matronalis, Dames Rocket
© John Pickering, 2004-2017 · 7
Hesperis matronalis, Dames Rocket

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Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis

Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis

Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis

Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis

Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Hesperis matronalis

Hesperis matronalis, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hesperis matronalis, whole plant - in flower - general view
Hesperis matronalis, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hesperis matronalis, inflorescence - lateral view of flower

Hesperis matronalis, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hesperis matronalis, whole plant - in flower - general view
Hesperis matronalis, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Hesperis matronalis, stem - showing leaf bases

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena wheeleri @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (10)
Aphididae  Rhopalosiphoninus ( @ AMNH_PBI (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum athabascense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Papilionidae  Papilio glaucus @ I_JP (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Hesperis matronalis L. Dame's Rocket
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Hesperis matronalis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
May 2001 Hesperis matronalis
Brandywine Creek State Park
May 2002

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Hesperis matronalis L. - Dame's Rocket

Hesperis matronalis plant

Family - Brassicaceae

Stems - To 1m tall, somewhat branching above, pubescent, herbaceous.

Hesperis matronalis stem

Leaves - Alternate, lanceolate, typically sessile, toothed(dentate) or rarely entire, pubescent above and below, to +/-12cm long, +4cm broad.

Inflorescence - Terminal racemes to +30cm tall.

Hesperis matronalis inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla purple to blue purple,(other colors seen in cultivation), to 2cm broad. Petals 4, clawed, glabrous. Claw to -1cm long. Limb to +/-1cm long, 8mm broad, emarginate. Stamens 6, 4 closest to ovary longer than outer opposing 2, included. Stigma 2-lobed. Sepals 4, purple, erect and forming mock tube around petal claws, to 6mm long, 1.5mm broad.

Hesperis matronalis flower Flower close-up.

Hesperis matronalis calyx Calyx.

Fruit - Cylindrical siliques to +10cm long.

Flowering - May - August.

Habitat - Disturbed sites, waste ground, thickets, open woods, roadsides, railroads. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Europe.

Other info. - This is one of the most showy members of the Brassicaceae . The flowers are typically much more blue-purple than appear in the top picture. The plant is quite common.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 5-8-00, and off Hwy 29, Guilford County, NC., 4-23-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HEMA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HEMA3
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HEMA3 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEMA3
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEMA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEMA3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Hesperis matronalis L.
dames rocket

Image of Hesperis matronalis

General Information
Symbol: HEMA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Biennial
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Hesperis thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 175. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Hesperis L. – rocket
Species Hesperis matronalis L. – dames rocket

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Hesperis matronalis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Hesperis matronalis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
candida</i>
(Kit.) Hegi & Em. Schmid
Hesperis matronalis ssp. candida
Distribution of <i>
Hesperis matronalis</i>
L. ssp. <i>
voronovii</i>
(N. Busch) P.W. Ball
Hesperis matronalis ssp. voronovii

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Colorado dame's rocket B list (noxious weeds)
Connecticut dame's rocket Invasive, banned
Massachusetts dames Rocket Prohibited
U.S. Weed Information
Hesperis matronalis dame's rocket dames violet This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HEMA3)
CalPhotos (HEMA3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HEMA3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (HEMA3)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (HEMA3)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (HEMA3)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (HEMA3)
Related Websites
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (HEMA3)
Texas A&M: horticulture image and abstract (HEMA3)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources: abstract (HEMA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 561 , 562 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Hesperis

1. Hesperis matronalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 663. 1753.

Dame's-rocket, rocket, dame's-violet

Stems unbranched basally, often branched distally, 4-8(-11) dm, often eglandular, glabrous distally. Basal leaves withered by flowering, long-petiolate. Cauline leaves short-petiolate; blade narrowly oblong, lanceolate, or broadly ovate, (2-)4-15(-20) cm × (4-)8-40 (-60) mm, base cuneate, margins denticulate or entire, apex acute or acuminate, surfaces pubescent. Fruiting pedicels (5-)7-17(-25) mm. Flowers: sepals 5-8 × 1.5-2 mm; petals (13-)15-20(-22) × 3.5-9 mm, claw 6-12 mm; filaments 2.5-6 mm; anthers 2.5-4 mm. Fruits (4-)6-10(-14) cm × 2-2.5 mm. Seeds (2.5-)3-4 × 1-1.5 mm. 2 n = 24.

Flowering Apr-Jul. Gardens, roadsides, oak glades, waste areas, bluffs, floodplains, abandoned fields, railroad embankments, thickets, woodland; 0-2200 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; se Europe; c, sw Asia; n Africa; introduced also in South America (Argentina, Chile).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 21
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Hesperis matronalis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0402 0293 [detail]
© 2002 Dean Wm. Taylor

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 1202 1178 [detail]
2001 Nick Kurzenko

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0784 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
(shown with Brassica kaber )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0786 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 1202 1180 [detail]
2001 Nick Kurzenko

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
(shown with Brassica kaber )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0787 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
(shown with Brassica kaber )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0788 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 1202 1179 [detail]
2001 Nick Kurzenko

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
DAME'S ROCKET
(shown with Brassica kaber )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0246 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0502 0298 [detail]
© 2002 Jennifer Forman

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0245 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0785 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
(shown with Brassica kaber )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0789 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
(shown with Brassica kaber )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0790 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Dame's Rocket
(shown with Chrysanthemum maximum )
ID: 0000 0000 0903 0791 [detail]
© 2003 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0901 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0902 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0903 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Sweet Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0811 1016 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Sweet Rocket
(shown with Symphoricarpos albus, Epilobium angustifolium, Phacelia sp. )
ID: 0000 0000 0811 1017 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Hesperis matronalis
Hesperis matronalis
Sweet Rocket
ID: 0000 0000 0811 1018 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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