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Lasioglossum leucocomum (Lovell, 1908)
Halictus (Chloralictus) pilosus var leucocomus Lovell, 1908; Dialictus otsegoensis Mitchell, 1960; Lasioglossum (Dialictus) otsegoense (Mitchell, 1960)

Life   Insecta   Hymenoptera   Apoidea   Halictidae   Lasioglossum
Subgenus: Dialictus

Lasioglossum leucocomum
© Copyright Hadel Go 2011-2016 · 9
Lasioglossum leucocomum

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Lasioglossum leucocomum
© Copyright Hadel Go 2011-2016 · 7
Lasioglossum leucocomum
Lasioglossum leucocomum
© Copyright Hadel Go 2011-2016 · 7
Lasioglossum leucocomum

Lasioglossum leucocomum CFP MALE comp
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Lasioglossum leucocomum CFP MALE comp
Lasioglossum leucocomum FEM mm .x f
© Copyright Laurence Packer 2014 · 7
Lasioglossum leucocomum FEM mm .x f
Overview
Retrieved from: Gibbs, J. 2010. Revision of the metallic species of Lasioglossum (Dialictus)in Canada (Hymenoptera, Halictidae, Halictini). Zootaxa; 2591, 175-178


Halictus pilosus var. leucocomus Lovell, 1908: 37. ♀. Lectotype. ♀ USA, Maine, Waldoro, 28.v.1905 (J.H. Lovell); [NMNH: 71569] by T.B. Mitchell. Examined.


Diagnosis. Most similar to L. pilosum and L. succinipenne. See diagnosis for L. pilosum.


Redescription. FEMALE. Length 5.06–5.80 mm; head length 1.51–1.61 mm; head width 1.44–1.56 mm; forewing length 3.78–3.90 mm.


Colouration. Head and mesosoma pale green to golden green. Clypeus with apical half blackish brown. Supraclypeal area bronze. Antenna dark brown, flagellum with ventral surface brownish yellow. Tegula amber to translucent brownish yellow. Wing membrane subhyaline, venation and pterostigma pale amber. Legs brown, protibial base, medio- and distitarsi reddish brown. Metasomal terga golden green, sterna brown, apical margins pale, translucent yellow.


Pubescence. Dull white. Dense. Head and mesosoma with moderately dense woolly hairs (1–1.5 OD), longest on genal beard, metanotum and mesopleuron (2–2.5 OD). Paraocular area and gena with subappressed tomentum sometimes partially obscuring surface. Propodeum with moderately dense plumose hairs on lateral and posterior surfaces (2–2.5 OD). Metasomal terga with dense, fine setae. T1 acarinarial fan complete and dense. T1 apicolateral portions with dense tomentum. T2 basal and lateral portions with dense tomentum obscuring surfaces. T3–T5 with dense tomentum obscuring surface. T2–T4 apical margins with moderately dense fringes.


Surface sculpture. Face imbricate, punctation fine. Clypeus polished, punctation (i=1–3d). Supraclypeal area with punctation moderately dense (i=1–2.5d). Lower paraocular and antennocular areas with punctation dense (i≤d). Upper paraocular area and frons punctate-reticulate. Ocellocular area minutely punctate (i≤d). Gena and postgena lineolate. Mesoscutum weakly imbricate, punctation fine, dense on medial portion of disc (i

Structure. Head elongate (length/width ratio = 1.03–1.06). Eyes convergent below (UOD/LOD ratio = 1.15–1.23). Clypeus ½ below suborbital tangent, apicolateral margins convergent. Antennal sockets close (IAD/OAD < 0.5). Frontal line carinate, ending 2 OD below median ocellus. Gena narrower than eye. Inner metatibial spur pectinate with 4 teeth. Metapostnotum truncate (MMR ratio = 1.36–1.45), posterior margin weakly angled onto posterior surface. Propodeum with oblique carina fine, lateral carina short, not reaching dorsal margin.


MALE. Unknown.


Range. Nova Scotia, Maine west to Ontario, Michigan (Fig. 135).


Additional material examined. CANADA: NEW BRUNSWICK: 2♀♀ Kent Co., St. Ignace, N46.707 W071.054, 31.vii.2005 (M. Gravel); NOVA SCOTIA: 1♀ Kings Co., Up Canard, N45.135 W064.489, 17.v.2003 (C. Sheffield); ONTARIO: 1♀ QUBS, 6–14.viii.2005 (L. Packer); [PCYU].


Floral records. Additional records attributed to L. pilosum likely apply to this species. ASTERACEAE: Solidago, ROSACEAE: Crataegus coccinea.


Comments. Common. Lasioglossum leucocomum has long been considered a synonym of L. pilosum (Michener 1951). Lovell (1908) described it as a variant of L. pilosum. DNA barcodes corroborate the morphological characters recognised by Lovell (1908). Sequence divergence between L. leucocomum and L. pilosum is approximately 8%. Indeed, the molecular data suggests a stronger similarity to L. succinipenne and L. pruinosum.

Extracted from Jason Gibbs. 2011. Revision of the metallic Lasioglossum (Dialictus) of eastern North America (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Halictini.) Zootaxa.

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) leucocomum (Lovell)

Halictus pilosus var. leucocomus Lovell, 1908: 37. ♀.

Lectotype. ♀ USA, Maine, Waldoboro, 28.v.1905 (J.H. Lovell); [NMNH: 71569] designated herein. Examined.

Dialictus otsegoensis Mitchell, 1960: 440. ♂. [new synonymy]

Holotype. ♂ USA, Michigan, Ostego Co., 7–24.vii.1955 (R.R. Dreisbach); [NCSU]. Examined.

Taxonomy. Krombein, 1967: Lasioglossum (Dialictus) otsegoense, p. 465 (catalogue); Dialictus otsegoensis, p. 1969 (catalogue); Moure & Hurd, 1987: Dialictus otsegoensis, p. 118 (catalogue); Gibbs, 2010b: Lasioglossum (Dialictus) leucocomum ♀, p. 175 (redescription, key).

Diagnosis. Female L. leucocomum can be recognised by the following diagnostic combination: head elongate (length/width ratio = 1.03–1.06), clypeus with apicolateral margins strongly convergent, supraclypeal area relatively short (0.65–0.86X clypeal length), mesoscutal punctures contiguous, metapostnotum rugoso-carinulate, and metasomal terga metallic with dense yellowish tomentum. They are most similar to L. pilosum and L. succinipenne. Female L. pilosum have the apicolateral margins of the clypeus subparallel. Female L. succinipenne have the supraclypeal area relatively long (0.80–0.90X clypeal length) and dense whitish tomentum on the metasomal terga.

Male L. leucocomum can be recognized by the combination of head elongate, clypeus yellow distally, mesoscutal punctures dense but distinctly separated medially, metasomal terga metallic. They are most similar to L. pilosum which have the mesoscutal punctures contiguous medially.

MALE. Similar to female except for the usual secondary sexual characters and as follows. Length 4.25–5.13 mm; head length 1.32–1.63 mm; head width 1.22–1.45 mm; forewing length 3.44–3.75 mm.

Colouration. Labrum yellow. Mandible yellow. Clypeus distal margin yellow. Flagellum with ventral surface orange. Legs brown, except bases and apices of tibiae and tarsi yellow.

Pubescence. Moderately dense. Face below eye emargination with tomentum partially obscuring surface, dense on lower paraocular area. T1 acarinarial area with sparse fan of appressed hairs. T1 dorsolaterally, T2–T3 basolaterally and T4 basally with sparse tomentum. S2–S3 entirely and S4–S5 laterally with posteriorly directed hairs (1–1.5OD).

Surface sculpture. Clypeal punctation moderately dense (i=1–2d). Mesoscutal punctures distinctly separated medially (i=d). Mesepisternum reticulate-rugulose. Propodeum with dorsolateral slope and lateral and posterior surfaces rugulose. Metasomal terga punctation deep, distinct.

Structure. Head very elongate (length/width ratio = 1.08–1.12). Eyes convergent below (UOD/LOD ratio = 1.43– 1.52). Clypeus 2/3 below suborbital tangent, apicolateral margins subparallel. Antennal sockets distant (IAD/OAD = 1.0). Frontal line carinate, ending 2OD below median ocellus. Pedicel subequal to F1. F2 length 1.6–1.8X F1. F2–F10 moderately elongate (length/width ratio = 1.38–1.63). Metapostnotum truncate (MMR ratio = 1.25–1.33), posterior margin weakly angled onto posterior propodeal surface.

Terminalia. Not examined.

Range. Nova Scotia, Maine west to Minnesota, south to Appalachian mountains of North Carolina. USA: CT, IN, MA, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, WI. CANADA: NB, NS, ON, PE.

Additional material examined. USA: NORTH CAROLINA: 1♀ 5.viii.1957 (W.R. Richards); [CNC].

DNA Barcode. Available. Multiple haplotypes.

Comments. Common.

Until recently, L. leucocomum had never been considered more than a subspecies of L. pilosum (Gibbs 2010b). Attempts to separate the males of L. pilosum and L. leucocomum using DNA barcoding have consistently failed to produce L. leucocomum sequences. Morphological study of L. pilosum s.l., however, has revealed variability in mesoscutal puncture density. It is now believed, based on geographical patterns of co-occurence with females, that the males with sparser punctures are actually L. leucocomum. The holotype of D. otsegoense, considered by Gibbs (2010b) to be a junior synonym of L. pilosum, is of this form.

The name-bearing type has lectotype labels from both Mitchell and Covell. No publication by either of these authors could be found that makes a valid lectotype designation. Lasioglossum leucocomum was recently resurrected from synonymy with L. pilosum by Gibbs (2010b). To maintain stability of usage, the specimen indicated above is designated as the lectotype.


Names
Scientific source:

Supported by

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
A. newhart  623 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)
Adoxaceae  Viburnum @ AMNH_BEE (8)
Anacardiaceae  Rhus glabra @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Apiaceae  Daucus carota @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Apocynaceae  Asclepias incarnata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Asclepias syriaca @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Asclepias @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Asteraceae  Achillea millefolium @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Aster sagittifolius @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Aster @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Chrysopsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Cirsium @ AMNH_BEE (6)

Eupatorium maculatum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Gaillardia aristata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Helianthus petiolaris @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Nothocalais cuspidata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Ratibida columnifera @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Senecio @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Solidago canadensis @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Solidago speciosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Solidago @ UCMS_ENT (1); AMNH_BEE (10); CUIC_ENT (4)

Sonchus arvensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Tanacetum vulgare @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Taraxacum campylodes @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Brassicaceae  Barbarea vulgaris @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Brassica nigra @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hesperis matronalis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lepidium draba @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Lesquerella arenosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Raphanus sativus @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Cactaceae  Opuntia humifusa @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Campanulaceae  Lobelia spicata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Clethraceae  Clethra alnifolia @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Ericaceae  Arctostaphylos uva-ursi @ AMNH_BEE (4)
Fabaceae  Baptisia tinctoria @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Baptisia @ AMNH_BEE (19)

Dalea purpurea @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melilotus officinalis @ AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (1)

Tephrosia virginiana @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Tephrosia @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Trifolium hybridum @ CUIC_ENT (2)
J. rykken  1007 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

1031 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)

1037 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)
K. kingsley  1057 @ JRYB__SHEN (1)
Lamiaceae  Mentha spicata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Monarda fistulosa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Origanum vulgare @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Thymus @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Malvaceae  Malva rotundifolia @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Polygonaceae  Persicaria bungeana @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Ranunculaceae  Ranunculus bulbosus @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Ranunculus @ UCMS_ENT (9)
Rosaceae  Malus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Photinia melanocarpa @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Potentilla sp @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Potentilla @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Prunus maritima @ AMNH_BEE (16)

Prunus @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Rubus sp @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Salicaceae  Salix humilis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Salix @ AMNH_BEE (4)

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Updated: 2018-04-24 23:14:57 gmt
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