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Brassica oleracea L.
WILD CABBAGE
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

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Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea

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Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea

Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea

Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea

Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea

Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2117 · 3
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea

Brassica oleracea, pollen
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Brassica oleracea, pollen
Brassica oleracea, pollen 2
© Copyright UDEL Pollen 2014 · 1
Brassica oleracea, pollen 2

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleyrodes proletella @ CSCA_TCN (11)

Bemisia tabaci @ CSCA_TCN (10)

Bemisia @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena nuda @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia coquilletti @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Encarsia luteola @ UCRC_ENTA (21)

Encarsia meritoria @ UCRC_ENTA (130)

Encarsia @ UCRC_ENTA (22)

Eretmocerus emiratus @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus emiratus? @ UCRC_ENTA (5)

Eretmocerus hayati? @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (5)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (6)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (8)

Eretmocerus nr @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus sp_pakistan? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus sp_uae @ UCRC_ENTA (3)

Eretmocerus @ UCRC_ENTA (7)
Aphididae  Brachycaudus ( @ CSCA_TCN (7)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ AMNH_PBI (8); CSCA_TCN (12)

Cavariella ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Lipaphis erysimi @ CSCA_TCN (5); NCSU_ENT (8)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1); AMNH_PBI (4)
Apidae  Xylocopa micans @ BBSL (2)
Braconidae  Diaeretiella rapae @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Diaeretiella @ AMNH_PBI (44)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum weemsi @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (3); MEMU_ENT (20)
Tingidae  Gargaphia solani @ UDCC_TCN (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

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Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422, 423 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

6. Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 667. 1753.

Cabbage

Brassica alboglabra L. H. Bailey

Biennials or perennials; (with slender taproot or woody caudex, becoming suffrutescent and covered with conspicuous leaf scars); (glaucous), glabrous. Stems branched distally, 5-10 dm. Basal leaves: petiole to 30 cm; blade oblong or obovate, to 45 cm × 150 mm, (fleshy), blades pinnatifid or margins dentate. Cauline leaves (distal) sessile; blade (oblong to lanceolate), base auriculate and amplexicaul, (margins entire). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, (8-)14-25(-40) mm. Flowers: sepals 8-15 × 1.5-2.7 mm; petals yellow, white, or lemon yellow, ovate or elliptic, (15-)18-25(-30) × (6-) 8-12 mm, claw 7-15 mm, apex rounded; filaments 8-12 mm; anthers 2.5-4 mm. Fruits spreading to ascending, smooth, ± 4-angled or subterete, (2.5-)5-8(-10) cm × (2.5-)3-4(-5) mm; valvular segment with 10-20 seeds per locule, (2-)3-7.5(-9) cm, terminal segment usually seedless, rarely 1 or 2-seeded, (conic), (3-)4-10 mm. Seeds brown, 1.7-2.5 mm diam.; seed coat reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 18.

Flowering May-Aug. Maritime slopes or sea-facing cliffs, weedy escape, gardens, abandoned fields, waste places; 0-100 m; introduced; Nfld. and Labr., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Calif., Conn., Ill., Iowa, Ky., Mass., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tex., Vt.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Australia.

Brassica oleracea is widely cultivated worldwide as a vegetable crop, and its various forms are generally recognized as varieties instead of subspecies; these include var. acephala de Candolle (kale and collards), var. botrytis Linnaeus (cauliflower), var. capitata Linnaeus (cabbage), var. gemmifera Zenk (Brussels sprouts), var. gongylodes Linnaeus (kohlrabi), and var. italica Plenk (broccoli). It also occurs sporadically as a weedy escape from cultivation and seems unlikely to persist for long periods of time. It is reported to be naturalized on coastal cliffs (maritime slopes) in the northern Central Coastal Region and the central and southern North Coastal Region in California (Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties) (J. T. Howell et al. 1958; Howell 1970; H. G. Baker 1972; R. C. Rollins 1993b).

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 54
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica oleracea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Kale
ID: 1336 3162 1814 0079 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2004 California Academy of Sciences

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1501 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1502 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1503 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1106 0805 [detail]
© 2006 Tony Morosco

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1397 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
ID: 0000 0000 0408 1398 [detail]
© 2008 Louis-M. Landry

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Lacinato Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0899 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Red Russian Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0901 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Early Purple Vienna Kohlrabi
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0902 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Early White Vienna Kohlrabi
ID: 0000 0000 1210 0903 [detail]
© 2010 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Wild Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1505 [detail]
© 2011 Vernon Smith

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Wild Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0311 1506 [detail]
© 2011 Vernon Smith

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
(shown with Eriogonum parvifolium, Eriophyllum staechedifolium )
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1928 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1931 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
(shown with Artemisia californica )
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1932 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1933 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 2222 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1937 [detail]
© 2013 Jean Pawek

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 2753 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Sikora

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 2754 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Sikora

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 2755 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Sikora

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 2756 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Sikora

Brassica oleracea
Brassica oleracea
Cabbage
ID: 0000 0000 0313 2757 [detail]
© 2013 Robert Sikora

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 7
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1009 2071 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1009 2072 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1009 2073 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1009 2074 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1009 2076 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 1009 2079 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brussels Sprouts
ID: 0000 0000 0114 1703 [detail]
© 2014 Neal Kramer

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes
Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes
Kohlrabi
ID: 1336 3162 1814 0071 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2004 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 10
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica oleracea var. acephala%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
ID: 0000 0000 1111 2236 [detail]
© 2011 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
ID: 0000 0000 1111 2237 [detail]
© 2011 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
ID: 0000 0000 1111 2238 [detail]
© 2011 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1770 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1771 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1772 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1773 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Kale
ID: 0000 0000 1012 1774 [detail]
© 2012 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
ID: 0000 0000 1213 0908 [detail]
© 2013 Zoya Akulova

Brassica oleracea var. acephala
Brassica oleracea var. acephala
ID: 0000 0000 1216 1937 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Brassica oleracea var. botrytis%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Broccoli
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1504 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Broccoli
ID: 0000 0000 1005 1335 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Broccoli
ID: 0000 0000 1005 1336 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Broccoli
ID: 0000 0000 1005 1339 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Broccoli
ID: 0000 0000 1005 1340 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Broccoli
ID: 6666 6666 0811 0149 [detail]
Gerald and Buff Corsi
© 2011 California Academy of Sciences

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-07-23 21:01:55 gmt
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