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Solidago gigantea Aiton
EARLY GOLDENROD
Giant goldenrod

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Solidago

Solidago gigantea, Late Goldenrod
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Solidago gigantea, Late Goldenrod

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Solidago gigantea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, whole plant - in flower - general view
Solidago gigantea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Solidago gigantea, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Solidago gigantea, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, leaf - on upper stem

Solidago gigantea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, stem - showing leaf bases
Solidago gigantea, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, stem - showing leaf bases

Solidago gigantea, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, whole plant - in flower - general view
Solidago gigantea, leaf - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Solidago gigantea, leaf - unspecified

Solidago gigantea, Giant Goldenrod
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 2
Solidago gigantea, Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea, Giant Goldenrod
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Solidago gigantea, Giant Goldenrod

Solidago gigantea, Late Goldenrod
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 1
Solidago gigantea, Late Goldenrod

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena canadensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena miranda @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Aphididae  Uroleucon nigrotuberculatum @ NCSU (3)
Apidae  Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus terricola @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Melissodes druriella @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Colletidae  Colletes simulans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hylaeus affinis @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Hylaeus annulatus @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (16)
Halictidae  Halictus ligatus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum laevissimum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum versans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Megachilidae  Megachile mendica @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Miridae  Slaterocoris breviatus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Solidago gigantea Ait. Smooth Goldenrod
Asteraceae — Aster family
Native
Solidago gigantea
Bucktoe Creek Preserve (PA)
September 2006

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOGI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOGI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOGI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOGI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOGI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOGI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Solidago gigantea Aiton
giant goldenrod

Image of Solidago gigantea

General Information
Symbol: SOGI
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
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Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Solidago thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 394. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ASLAS2 Aster latissimifolius (Mill.) Kuntze var. serotinus Kuntze
SOGIS2 Solidago gigantea Aiton ssp. serotina (Kuntze) McNeill
SOGIL Solidago gigantea Aiton var. leiophylla Fernald
SOGIP Solidago gigantea Aiton var. pitcheri (Nutt.) Shinners
SOGIS Solidago gigantea Aiton var. serotina (Kuntze) Cronquist
SOGIS3 Solidago gigantea Aiton var. shinnersii Beaudry
SOPI5 Solidago pitcheri Nutt.
SOSE10 Solidago serotina Aiton, non Retz.
SOSE9 Solidago serotinoides Á. Löve & D. Löve
SOLE6 Solidago ×leiophallax Friesner

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Solidago L. – goldenrod
Species Solidago gigantea Aiton – giant goldenrod

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACW
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACW
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACW
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FACW
Northcentral & Northeast FACW
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACW

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SOGI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ASLAS2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOGI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOGIL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOGIP)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOGIS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOGIS2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOGIS3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOLE6)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOPI5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOSE10)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SOSE9)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SOGI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SOGI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SOGI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SOGI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SOGI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SOGI)
Related Websites
NE-State Plants (SOGI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 20 Page 150, 156 , 157, 158, 166 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Solidago | Solidago (sect. Solidago) subsect. Triplinerviae

62. Solidago gigantea Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 211. 1789.

Tall or giant or smooth goldenrod , verge d'or géante

Aster latissimifolius (Miller) Kuntze var. serotinus Kuntze; Doria dumetorum (Lunell) Lunell; D. pitcheri (Nuttall) Lunell; Solidago cleliae de Candolle ; S. dumetorum Lunell; S. gigantea var. leiophylla Fernald ; S. gigantea var. pitcheri (Nuttall) Shinners; S. gigantea subsp. serotina (Kuntze) McNeill; S. gigantea var. serotina (Kuntze) Cronquist; S. gigantea var. shinnersii Beaudry; S. pitcheri Nuttall; S. serotina Aiton 1789, not Retzius 1781; S. serotina var. gigantea (Aiton) A. Gray; S. serotina var. minor Hooker; S. serotinoides Á. Löve & D. Löve; S. shinnersii (Beaudry) Beaudry; S. somesii Rydberg

Plants 50—200 cm (solitary or clustered); rhizomes short- to long-creeping. Stems 1—20+ or clustered, erect, glabrous or sparsely strigose in arrays, sometimes glaucous. Leaves: basal 0; proximal cauline usually withering by flowering time, sessile, lanceolate, 91—97 × 10—14 mm, margins sharply serrate, 3-nerved, apices acuminate, abaxial faces pilose on nerves or glabrous; mid to distal cauline similar, 57—76 × 0.7—1.2 cm, largest toward mid stem, decreasing distally. Heads 40—600 , secund, in broadly secund, pyramidal paniculiform arrays, rarely rhombic or club-shaped, proximal branches divergent, recurved, glabrous-glabrate or strigose, sometimes glaucous. Peduncles 1.5—3 mm, sparsely to densely strigillose; bracteoles 0—2, linear-lanceolate. Involucres campanulate, (2—)2.5—4(—5) mm. Phyllaries in 3—4 series, unequal, acute; outer lanceolate, inner linear-lanceolate (hexa-ploids from far west can have minute stipitate glands, especially near base of outer phyllaries and peduncle bracts). Ray florets (7—)9—15(—24) (conspicuous); laminae 1—3 × (0.1—)0.2—0.4 mm. Disc florets (4—)7—12(—17); corollas (2.5—)3—3.5(—4.5) mm, lobes 0.6—1(—1.4) mm. Cypselae 1.3—1.5 mm, sparsely strigose; pappi 2—2.5 mm. 2 n =18, 36, 54.

Flowering Aug—Sep(—Oct). Usually at least seasonally moister soils, flood plains, ditches, depressions, open woods, and thickets, moist depressions in grasslands and parklands on Great Plains; 0—1500+ m; Alta. , Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; introduced in Mexico.

Solidago gigantea is usually the least hairy species of the S. canadensis complex. The stems may be somewhat glaucous and the array is usually somewhat more open than in S. canadensis and S . altissima , and less leafy than S . lepida . Its blooming season begins and ends earlier than S. altissima in eastern North America. The species is diploid, mostly east of the Appalachian Mountains, tetraploid throughout the eastern forest area, and hexa-ploid on the prairies. The broader-leaved hexaploids on the prairies have been treated as S. shinnersii ; G. H. Morton (1984) indicated that the differences are not diagnostic. Reports of hexaploids in the mountains from Alberta, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and northwestern Wyoming all have minute stipitate glands on the phyllaries, peduncle bracts, and sometimes the distalmost leaves; such plants belong in S. lepida, as do plants from British Columbia. Stems sometimes have 1—2 elongate insect galls near the base (S. Heard, pers. comm.). Although reported from much of Florida, specimens were seen only from Liberty County; all other collections are S. leavenworthii .

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 18
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Solidago gigantea%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Late Goldenrod
ID: 0000 0000 0906 0455 [detail]
© 2006 Matt Below

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Early Golden Rod
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0759 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Early Golden Rod
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0761 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Early Golden Rod
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0762 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Early Golden Rod
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0763 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 0000 0810 1035 [detail]
© 2010 Mary Winter

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0802 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0803 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0804 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0805 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0806 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0807 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0808 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0809 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0810 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0811 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0812 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Solidago gigantea
Solidago gigantea
Giant Goldenrod
ID: 0000 1111 1234 0813 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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